Tariffs (71 - 80 of 92 items)
International Trade: Synopsis of Recent GAO Reports on Trade Issues
NSIAD-87-103BR: Published: Mar 17, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 17, 1987.
GAO summarized the principal conclusions and recommendations of its reports on international trade laws and policy to assist Congress in its consideration of proposed legislation relating to international trade.GAO summarized its conclusions and recommendations on: (1) U.S. participation in the multilateral trading system and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; (2) relief from unfair forei...
Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974, As Amended
T-NSIAD-87-17: Published: Mar 17, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 17, 1987.
GAO discussed its report on the Trade Act of 1974, focusing on the act's provisions for remedying unfair foreign trade practices. GAO noted that: (1) unfair trade cases handled through bilateral negotiation were generally resolved much faster than cases handled through the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT); (2) many of those who petitioned for relief under the act expressed dissatisfac...
International Trade: Trade Law Remedies Under Floating Exchange Rates
NSIAD-87-14: Published: Dec 16, 1986. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the floating exchange rate regime's compatibility with the international trading system's principles and U.S. trade laws to determine: (1) how exchange rate fluctuations can affect import relief the Trade Act of 1974 grants under section 201; (2) whether exchange rate changes alter the findings and the protection of the antidumpin...
International Trade: Strengthening Trade Law Protection of Intellectual Property Rights
NSIAD-86-150: Published: Aug 13, 1986. Publicly Released: Aug 13, 1986.
GAO recommended ways to strengthen section 337 of the Tariff Act as a means for U.S. firms to protect their intellectual property rights against counterfeit and infringing imports.GAO believes that, in order for section 337 to be more effective, Congress needs to: (1) increase access to section 337 relief by eliminating or redefining the statutory criteria for obtaining relief; (2) direct the Inte...
International Trade: U.S. Firms' Views on Customs' Protection of Intellectual Property Rights
NSIAD-86-96: Published: May 14, 1986. Publicly Released: May 14, 1986.
As part of an ongoing review of government efforts to help firms protect their intellectual property rights in international trade, GAO surveyed firms to obtain their perspectives on the Customs Service's ability to stop counterfeit and infringing goods from entering the country.GAO noted that firms use two methods to obtain Customs' assistance in protecting their patents, trademarks, and copyrigh...
Strengthening Intellectual Property Rights Protection Under Section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930
129571: Apr 10, 1986
GAO discussed ways to strengthen protection of intellectual property rights under section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930. Some U.S. property rights holders who sought relief from counterfeit or infringing imports were denied access to section 337 relief because of economic tests normally not required in intellectual property rights cases. Although there was substantial support for eliminating the r...
The Difficulty of Quantifying Non-Tariff Measures Affecting Trade
NSIAD-85-133: Published: Sep 30, 1985. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO analyzed efforts to quantify the effects on trade of non-tariff measures (NTM) such as quotas and subsidies.GAO found that researchers have had great difficulty in quantifying the effects of some NTM, such as health and safety standards, because their effect tends to vary greatly across sectors of the economy. Although researchers have been able to quant...
Current Issues in U.S. Participation in the Multilateral Trading System
NSIAD-85-118: Published: Sep 23, 1985. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO analyzed the international trading system and U.S. participation in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and described problems with: (1) trading in the wheat, telecommunications, and steel sectors; (2) the rules of GATT; and (3) member nations' compliance with GATT provisions.GAO found that government intervention in domestic economies is w...
United States Participation in the Multilateral Trading System
127993: Sep 26, 1985
GAO discussed its report on U.S. participation in the multilateral trading system, focusing on: (1) comparative trading practices of the United States and its major trading partners; (2) reasons for alleged widespread variance from the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade's (GATT) principles and rules; (3) the possibility of extending GATT coverage to services; and (4) whether support of GATT co...
Administration of Suspension Agreements by the Department of Commerce
NSIAD-84-125: Published: Jun 15, 1984. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed provisions for the suspension of Department of Commerce antidumping investigations through agreements reached with foreign governments or exporters.GAO found that Commerce may suspend an antidumping or countervailing duty investigation if the foreign government or exporter involved agrees to correct or neutralize the unfair trade practice being inv...