Tariffs (61 - 70 of 92 items)
International Trade: Soviet Export Data
NSIAD-90-209BR: Published: Jul 18, 1990. Publicly Released: Jul 18, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on Soviet exports, focusing on: (1) Soviet exports to the United States and other countries; (2) the similarity between leading Soviet exports to the United States and other selected countries; (3) the differences between tariff rates for U.S. imports from the Soviet Union and countries granted most-favored-nation (MFN) trade status.GAO...
International Trade: Competition for Japan's High Value Agricultural Market
NSIAD-90-134: Published: Mar 30, 1990. Publicly Released: Mar 30, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed market development activities of nine foreign competitors in Japan's agricultural market.GAO found that foreign companies: (1) spent considerable time and money to develop markets for their agricultural products in Japan; (2) expected to spend between $2 million and $2.5 million for the first 1 or 2 years to develop the market, and about $1 million...
European Single Market: Issues of Concern to U.S. Exporters
NSIAD-90-60: Published: Feb 13, 1990. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed how the European Community (EC) Single Internal Market Program (EC 1992) would affect market access for U.S. small- and medium-sized exporters, focusing on: (1) product standards, testing, and certification; (2) rules of origin; and (3) public procurement.GAO found that: (1) although EC 1992 could provide substantial benefits to U.S. exporters, the...
Foreign Trade Zones Program Needs Clarified Criteria
T-NSIAD-90-5: Published: Oct 24, 1989. Publicly Released: Oct 24, 1989.
GAO discussed the rapid growth of trade zones activity and the criteria and processes that the Foreign Trade Zones Board used to award zone grants. GAO found that: (1) despite changes that allowed companies to manufacture products within zones, the zone program remained relatively small for 35 years; (2) key legislative and regulatory actions increased potential duty savings for manufacturing firm...
International Trade: Foreign Trade Zones Program Needs Clarified Criteria
NSIAD-89-85: Published: Feb 7, 1989. Publicly Released: Feb 14, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Foreign Trade Zones (FTZ) program, focusing on: (1) program growth; (2) the economic effects of subzones; (3) industry concerns about subzones; (4) the FTZ Board's operations and standards for approving new subzones; and (5) the effectiveness of the U.S Customs Service's supervision over zone activities.GAO found that the: (1) FT...
The Piracy of Ideas
139241: Jan 1, 1989
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 6, Summer 1989, discusses the piracy of intellectual property rights, such as copyrights, patents, and trademarks, through the unauthorized reproduction of the copyrighted materials. The piracy of intellectual property rights accounts for as much as $60 billion in world trade annually, and American firms may lose from $43 billion to $61 billion...
Sub-Saharan Africa: Factors Affecting Export Capabilities
NSIAD-88-145: Published: May 4, 1988. Publicly Released: May 4, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed Sub-Saharan African trade between the United States, the European Economic Community (EEC), and Japan to identify: (1) principal U.S., EEC, and Japanese imports from the region; (2) key restrictions that affect importation from the region; (3) EEC and Japanese trade practices aimed at reducing trade barriers to regional exports; and (4) U.S. eff...
World Economic Developments: A View From Switzerland
137164: Jan 1, 1988
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 3, Fall 1988, discusses the changing global economy, focusing on: (1) the evolution of the free world economy away from dominance by a single nation to dominance by the United States, Japan, and Europe; (2) stresses in international economic relationships since World War II; and (3) the need for cooperation among economic powers...
International Trade: Rule of Origin for the U.S.-Canada Free Trade Area
NSIAD-88-46BR: Published: Nov 16, 1987. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 1987.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information regarding the proposed United States-Canada Free Trade Area Agreement (FTA), focusing on its rule of origin.GAO noted that the agreement's rule of origin, based on the Department of the Treasury's proposal: (1) confers U.S. or Canadian origin on products containing foreign-source parts, components, or materials when sufficient additiona...
International Trade: Observations on the U.S.-Japan Semiconductor Arrangement
NSIAD-87-134BR: Published: Apr 15, 1987. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO assessed the results of the U.S.-Japan negotiations on semiconductor trade, focusing on: (1) what was negotiated; (2) the expected outcome; (3) the administration's views of the results; (4) U.S. industrial views of the results; and (5) the impact of the agreement on U.S. semiconductor manufacturers and users.GAO found that the goals of the agreement wer...