International trade restriction (61 - 70 of 79 items)
Agricultural Trade Negotiations at a Crossroads
T-NSIAD-91-10: Published: Feb 28, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 1991.
GAO discussed the status of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade's agricultural trade negotiations, focusing on the: (1) disagreement between the United States and the European Community (EC); (2) need for an extension of fast-track authority; and (3) importance of U.S. agricultural groups' backing. GAO noted that: (1) the United States was willing to make fundamental changes in its system o...
Agricultural Trade Negotiations: Stalemate in the Uruguay Round
NSIAD-91-129: Published: Feb 1, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 1, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the progress in the multilateral trade negotiations of the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, focusing on the agricultural trade component.GAO found that: (1) the United States and the European Community (EC) continued to disagree strongly on the nature and extent of agricultural trade liberalization; (2) participating cou...
International Trade: GATT Treatment of Nonmarket Economy Countries
NSIAD-90-206FS: Published: Aug 1, 1990. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade's (GATT) treatment of nonmarket economy countries in international trade.GAO found that: (1) trade with nonmarket economies was applicable during the drafting of GATT, since there were no general policies governing their accession to GATT; (2) the process of becoming a contracting party to GATT was not aut...
The Piracy of Ideas
139241: Jan 1, 1989
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 6, Summer 1989, discusses the piracy of intellectual property rights, such as copyrights, patents, and trademarks, through the unauthorized reproduction of the copyrighted materials. The piracy of intellectual property rights accounts for as much as $60 billion in world trade annually, and American firms may lose from $43 billion to $61 billion...
Agricultural Trade Negotiations: Initial Phase of the Uruguay Round
NSIAD-88-144BR: Published: May 5, 1988. Publicly Released: May 25, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the multilateral trade negotiations regarding the liberalization of agricultural trade, focusing on the: (1) structure of the negotiation process; (2) reactions to the U.S. proposal and those of other major participants; and (3) progress made to date.GAO found that the Department of Agriculture and the Office of the U.S. Trade Rep...
World Economic Developments: A View From Switzerland
137164: Jan 1, 1988
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 3, Fall 1988, discusses the changing global economy, focusing on: (1) the evolution of the free world economy away from dominance by a single nation to dominance by the United States, Japan, and Europe; (2) stresses in international economic relationships since World War II; and (3) the need for cooperation among economic powers...
Uses and Limitations of Countertrade
T-NSIAD-87-39: Published: Jul 1, 1987. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 1987.
GAO discussed the different aspects of countertrade in the world trading system. GAO found that: (1) countertrade and other trading practices are viewed as marketing tools to help gain sales; (2) the United States generally views countertrade as contrary to open and free trading, but does not oppose U.S. business participation in countertrade unless the action could have a negative impact on natio...
International Trade: Symposium on the Causes of the U.S. Trade Deficit
NSIAD-87-135S: Published: May 15, 1987. Publicly Released: May 15, 1987.
GAO provided a supplement to its report on the causes of the U.S. trade deficit and the extent that deficit reduction depends on the actions of other countries.GAO sponsored a symposium of international trade specialists that reviewed the causes, outlook, and possible cures of the U.S. trade deficit. There are several explanations for the increased trade deficit, specifically: (1) foreign restrict...
International Trade: Synopsis of Recent GAO Reports on Trade Issues
NSIAD-87-103BR: Published: Mar 17, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 17, 1987.
GAO summarized the principal conclusions and recommendations of its reports on international trade laws and policy to assist Congress in its consideration of proposed legislation relating to international trade.GAO summarized its conclusions and recommendations on: (1) U.S. participation in the multilateral trading system and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; (2) relief from unfair forei...
Export Promotion: Implementation of the Export Trading Company Act of 1982
NSIAD-86-42: Published: Feb 27, 1986. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the implementation of the Export Trading Company Act of 1982 and analyzed: (1) congressional and executive branch expectations for the export trading companies (ETC); (2) the number of ETC formed and their activities; (3) the number and effectiveness of the antitrust exemptions the Department of Commerce granted; (4) whether ETC have helped to l...