International trade restriction (41 - 50 of 79 items)
United Nations: Observations on the Oil for Food Program
GAO-04-651T: Published: Apr 7, 2004. Publicly Released: Apr 7, 2004.
The Oil for Food program was established by the United Nations and Iraq in 1996 to address concerns about the humanitarian situation after international sanctions were imposed in 1990. The program allowed the Iraqi government to use the proceeds of its oil sales to pay for food, medicine, and infrastructure maintenance. The program appears to have helped the Iraqi people. From 1996 through 2001, t...
World Trade Organization: First-Year U.S. Efforts to Monitor China's Compliance
GAO-03-461: Published: Mar 31, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2003.
China's December 2001 membership in the World Trade Organization created substantial opportunities for U.S. companies seeking to expand into China's vast market, and for significant reforms within China at all levels of government. However, the benefits of China's membership in the World Trade Organization are contingent on China's successful implementation of its commitments. In recognizing this...
Export Controls: 1998 Legislative Mandate for High Performance Computers
NSIAD-99-208: Published: Sep 24, 1999. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined: (1) whether exporter notification to the Department of Commerce of proposed sales of high performance computers (HPC) to countries of concern has resulted in license applications and what final action was taken on these licenses; and (2) how Commerce is conducting post-shipment verifications of the use of high performance computers after their exp...
Cuban Embargo: Selected Issues Relating to Travel, Exports, and Telecommunications
NSIAD-99-10: Published: Dec 1, 1998. Publicly Released: Dec 31, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the implementation and monitoring of certain Cuban embargo provisions affecting travel, telecommunications, and trade, focusing on: (1) whether the Department of the Treasury, Office of Foreign Asset Control's (OFAC) decision to allow authorized U.S. travelers to fly indirectly to Cuba was consistent with the law; (2) whether a telecommunications a...
Textile Trade: Operations of the Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements
NSIAD-96-186: Published: Sep 19, 1996. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the U.S. Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements' (CITA) role in administering the U.S. textile program, focusing on: (1) CITA authority, functions, resources, and costs under the Multifiber Arrangement (MFA) and the 1994 Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC); (2) the CITA process for imposing quotas; (3) CITA use of data to make...
Canada, Australia, and New Zealand: Potential Ability of Agricultural State Trading Enterprises to Distort Trade
NSIAD-96-94: Published: Jun 24, 1996. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed three state trading enterprises (STE), the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB), the Australian Wheat Board (AWB), and the New Zealand Dairy Board (NZDB) focusing on: (1) the potential capability of export-oriented agricultural STEse to distort trade; and (2) the specific potential capability of CWB, AWB, and NZDB to engage in trade-distorting activities bas...
International Trade: Implementation Issues Concerning the World Trade Organization
T-NSIAD-96-122: Published: Mar 13, 1996. Publicly Released: Mar 13, 1996.
GAO discussed the implementation of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade's Uruguay Round agreements and the operation of the World Trade Organization (WTO). GAO noted that: (1) the U.S. has generally achieved its negotiating objectives in the Uruguay Round; (2) the agreements are expected to open markets by reducing trade barriers and unfair trade practices; (3) some U.S. industries and dome...
International Trade: Reauthorization of the Generalized System of Preferences Program
T-GGD-95-104: Published: Feb 27, 1995. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 1995.
GAO discussed the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) Program and its reauthorization. GAO noted that: (1) a few beneficiary countries receive the majority of GSP benefits, but not all GSP-eligible products enter the United States duty-free because of certain program limitations; (2) the program generally has a well structured process for adding or removing products from GSP coverage; (3) prog...
International Trade: Impact of the Uruguay Round Agreement on the Export Enhancement Program
GGD-94-180BR: Published: Aug 5, 1994. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the potential impact of the Uruguay Round Agreement on the Export Enhancement Program (EEP) and other Department of Agriculture (USDA) export programs.GAO found that: (1) the United States may have to reduce its agricultural export subsidies by 1995 if the agreement is implemented; (2) the potential subsidized export reductions would...
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade: Uruguay Round Final Act Should Produce Overall U.S. Economic Gains (Volume 1)
GGD-94-83A: Published: Jul 29, 1994. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 1994.
GAO reviewed the Uruguay Round of negotiations of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), focusing on the: (1) negotiating objectives for the round; and (2) projected impact of the Final Act on the agreement.GAO found that: (1) the act should produce overall economic gains for the United States and increase international trade, reduce tariffs, create stronger trade dispute settlement pr...