International trade restriction (11 - 20 of 79 items)
Iran Sanctions: New Act Underscores Importance of Comprehensive Assessment of Sanctions' Effectiveness
GAO-10-928T: Published: Jul 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2010.
This testimony discusses our work on the implementation of U.S. sanctions against Iran. It discusses the continuing challenges the United States faces in (1) deterring the illegal transshipment of U.S. goods to Iran, (2) restricting foreign investment in Iran's energy sector, and (3) assessing the overall effectiveness of U.S. sanctions. In addition, it discusses how the Comprehensive Iran Sanctio...
Export Controls: Observations on Selected Countries' Systems and Proposed Treaties
GAO-10-557: Published: May 27, 2010. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2010.
The U.S. government annually controls billions of dollars worth of U.S. arms and dual-use items exported to its allies and partners through a system of laws, regulations, and processes. Weaknesses in this system led GAO in 2007 to include export controls as part of a high-risk area and called for a reexamination, including evaluating alternative approaches. Increasing international collaboration o...
Iran Sanctions: Complete and Timely Licensing Data Needed to Strengthen Enforcement of Export Restrictions
GAO-10-375: Published: Mar 4, 2010. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 2010.
In 1995, the United States banned exports to Iran of most U.S. goods without a Treasury Department license. In 2008, the U.S. media, citing U.S. government statistics, reported that U.S. firms were exporting numerous goods to Iran. The statistics are maintained by the Census Bureau and are based on data filed by exporters or their agents. The United States has also generally banned unlicensed tran...
International Trade: U.S. Agencies Have Taken Some Steps, but Serious Impediments Remain to Restricting Trade in Burmese Rubies and Jadeite
GAO-09-987: Published: Sep 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2009.
Congress passed the Tom Lantos Block Burmese JADE Act in 2008 prohibiting the import of Burmese-origin jadeite, rubies, and related jewelry and calling for certain international actions. The act also requires GAO to assess the effectiveness of the implementation of this section of the act. This report assesses (1) key characteristics of the trade of Burmese-origin jadeite and rubies; (2) progress...
U.S.-Africa Trade: Options for Congressional Consideration to Improve Textile and Apparel Sector Competitiveness under the African Growth and Opportunity Act
GAO-09-916: Published: Aug 12, 2009. Publicly Released: Aug 12, 2009.
According to U.S. government officials, sub-Saharan Africa's (SSA) textile and apparel industry has not achieved the growth anticipated under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). Despite the tariff reductions under AGOA, after an initial surge, U.S. imports of these products from beneficiary countries have declined in recent years (see figure). In view of this outcome, the 2008 Andean Tr...
International Trade: Four Free Trade Agreements GAO Reviewed Have Resulted in Commercial Benefits, but Challenges on Labor and Environment Remain
GAO-09-439: Published: Jul 10, 2009. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 2009.
Since 2001, Congress has approved free trade agreements (FTA) with 14 countries. Most were negotiated under Trade Promotion Authority (TPA), which aims to lower trade barriers while strengthening the capacity of trading partners to promote respect for workers' rights and to protect the environment. The Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) is responsible for overseeing implementa...
International Trade: Prior Updates of the Trade Advisory System Offer Insights for Current Review
GAO-09-842T: Published: Jul 21, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 2009.
This testimony provides a summary of key findings from the comprehensive report on the trade advisory system that we provided to the Congress in 2002, as well as from our more recent report in 2007 on the Congressional and private sector consultations under Trade Promotion Authority. In particular, this testimony highlights our recommendations in three key areas--committee consultations, logistics...
Climate Change Trade Measures: Considerations for U.S. Policy Makers
GAO-09-724R: Published: Jul 8, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2009.
Global climate change is one of the most significant long-term policy challenges facing the United States, and policies to mitigate climate change will have important economic, social, and environmental implications. Members of Congress have introduced several bills to address the problem of climate change, many of which establish domestic emissions pricing by requiring firms that emit greenhouse...
Climate Change Trade Measures: Estimating Industry Effects
GAO-09-875T: Published: Jul 8, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2009.
Countries can take varying approaches to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Since energy use is a significant source of greenhouse gas emissions, policies designed to increase energy efficiency or induce a switch to less greenhouse-gas-intensive fuels, such as from coal to natural gas, can reduce emissions in the short term. In the long term, however, major technology changes will be needed to est...
International Trade: Observations on U.S. Government Efforts to Address Textile Transshipment
GAO-09-813T: Published: Jun 18, 2009. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2009.
This testimony provides GAO's perspective on the issues associated with textile transshipment. It is particularly important in the current economic environment that the United States does everything it can to ensure that U.S. laws regarding the entry of illegal goods are fully enforced at the U.S. borders. Effective monitoring of textile and apparel imports are also important because duties on tex...