International economic relations (51 - 60 of 175 items)
International Trade: Implementation Issues Concerning the World Trade Organization
T-NSIAD-96-122: Published: Mar 13, 1996. Publicly Released: Mar 13, 1996.
GAO discussed the implementation of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade's Uruguay Round agreements and the operation of the World Trade Organization (WTO). GAO noted that: (1) the U.S. has generally achieved its negotiating objectives in the Uruguay Round; (2) the agreements are expected to open markets by reducing trade barriers and unfair trade practices; (3) some U.S. industries and dome...
Export Finance: Comparative Analysis of U.S. and European Union Export Credit Agencies
GGD-96-1: Published: Oct 24, 1995. Publicly Released: Oct 24, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the types of export-financing assistance that the United States and five European Union (EU) countries provide to exporters, focusing on the: (1) types of export-financing delivery systems used in the countries; (2) differences in and types of trade-offs among U.S. and EU member state programs; and (3) status of international efforts to limit the u...
International Trade, Finance, and Competitiveness Issue Area: Active Assignments
AA-95-10(4): Published: Oct 1, 1995. Publicly Released: Oct 1, 1995.
GAO provided information on its active assignments in the International Trade, Finance, and Competitiveness issue area as of October 2, 1995...
RCED-95-280R: Published: Sep 29, 1995. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on: (1) the arrangement agreed to in the Uruguay Round for an increased allocation of cheese to U.S. importers and the effect of this arrangement on the U.S. dairy industry; (2) U.S. trade remedies that are available to protect the dairy sector and the extent to which they have been applied to cheese imports; (3) the operations of one s...
Export Finance: The Small Business Administration's Role in Meeting Small Business Needs
T-GGD-95-235: Published: Sep 7, 1995. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 1995.
GAO discussed information on the Small Business Administration's (SBA) Export Working Capital Program (EWCP), focusing on SBA role in meeting the export finance needs of small-and medium-sized businesses. GAO noted that SBA has: (1) worked with the U.S. Export-Import Bank to streamline and standardize its working capital programs; (2) supported U.S. export assistance centers by assigning 11 staff...
Government Reorganization: Observations About Creating a U.S. Trade Administration
T-GGD-95-234: Published: Sep 6, 1995. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 1995.
GAO discussed proposed legislation to create a U.S. Trade Administration (USTA) by merging the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) with several Department of Commerce offices and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. GAO noted that: (1) creating a trade administration that lacks cabinet-level department status could lead to the perception that the new agency does not have the status of...
U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement: Factors Contributing to Controversy in Appeals of Trade Remedy Cases to Binational Panels
GGD-95-175BR: Published: Jun 16, 1995. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement's (FTA) binational panel process to resolve trade disputes, focusing on: (1) U.S. and Canadian expectations for the binational panel process; (2) a statistical overview of panel activities and decisions; (3) participants' satisfaction with the panel process; and (4) other factors that may have contributed to the...
Agricultural Trade: Competitor Countries' Foreign Market Development Programs
T-GGD-95-184: Published: Jun 14, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed: (1) competitor countries' foreign agricultural market development activities; and (2) state trading enterprises (STE). GAO noted that: (1) the European Union spends far more on total agricultural support than the United States; (2) foreign market development includes advertising, consumer promotion, trade servicing and market research; (3) althou...
Export Promotion: Rationales for and Against Government Programs and Expenditures
T-GGD-95-169: Published: May 23, 1995. Publicly Released: May 23, 1995.
GAO discussed the rationales for and against the operation of government export promotion programs. GAO noted that: (1) supporters have justified export promotion programs for job creation and deficit reduction and the enhancement of trade policy objectives, but there are no empirical data on the programs' effect on such issues; (2) many economists believe that government intervention in private m...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Foreign-Owned Exporters' Participation in the Export Enhancement Program
GGD-95-127: Published: May 11, 1995. Publicly Released: May 11, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the participation of foreign-owned companies in the Foreign Agricultural Service's (FAS) Export Enhancement Program (EEP).GAO found that: (1) foreign exporters' participation in EEP is consistent with the program's basic objectives of discouraging other countries' unfair trade practices and increasing the competitiveness of U.S. agricultural commod...