Foreign trade policies (11 - 20 of 141 items)
Firms Reported in Open Sources to Have Sold Iran Refined Petroleum Products between January 1, 2009, and June 30, 2010
GAO-10-967R: Published: Sep 3, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 3, 2010.
The United States has imposed multiple sanctions against Iran to deter it from developing its nuclear program, supporting terrorism, and abusing human rights. On July 1, 2010, the President signed into law the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act (CISADA) of 2010. CISADA amends the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (ISA) to require the President to impose three or more of a po...
Export Promotion: Increases in Commercial Service Workforce Should Be Better Planned
GAO-10-874: Published: Aug 31, 2010. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2010.
Since the recent recession, policymakers have emphasized the role exports can play in strengthening the U.S. economy and in creating higher paying jobs. In March 2010 the President signed an Executive Order creating the National Export Initiative (NEI), with a goal of doubling U.S. exports in 5 years. However, since 2004 the workforce of the U.S. and Foreign Commercial Service (CS) has shrunk, cal...
Iran Sanctions: New Act Underscores Importance of Comprehensive Assessment of Sanctions' Effectiveness
GAO-10-928T: Published: Jul 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2010.
This testimony discusses our work on the implementation of U.S. sanctions against Iran. It discusses the continuing challenges the United States faces in (1) deterring the illegal transshipment of U.S. goods to Iran, (2) restricting foreign investment in Iran's energy sector, and (3) assessing the overall effectiveness of U.S. sanctions. In addition, it discusses how the Comprehensive Iran Sanctio...
Export Controls: Observations on Selected Countries' Systems and Proposed Treaties
GAO-10-557: Published: May 27, 2010. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2010.
The U.S. government annually controls billions of dollars worth of U.S. arms and dual-use items exported to its allies and partners through a system of laws, regulations, and processes. Weaknesses in this system led GAO in 2007 to include export controls as part of a high-risk area and called for a reexamination, including evaluating alternative approaches. Increasing international collaboration o...
Iran Sanctions: Complete and Timely Licensing Data Needed to Strengthen Enforcement of Export Restrictions
GAO-10-375: Published: Mar 4, 2010. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 2010.
In 1995, the United States banned exports to Iran of most U.S. goods without a Treasury Department license. In 2008, the U.S. media, citing U.S. government statistics, reported that U.S. firms were exporting numerous goods to Iran. The statistics are maintained by the Census Bureau and are based on data filed by exporters or their agents. The United States has also generally banned unlicensed tran...
International Trade: Options for Congressional Consideration to Improve U.S. Trade Preference Programs
GAO-10-262T: Published: Nov 17, 2009. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2009.
U.S. trade preference programs promote economic development in poorer nations by providing duty-free export opportunities in the United States. The Generalized System of Preferences, Caribbean Basin Initiative, Andean Trade Preference Act, and African Growth and Opportunity Act unilaterally reduce U.S. tariffs for many products from over 130 countries. However, two of these programs expire partial...
International Trade: U.S. Agencies Have Taken Some Steps, but Serious Impediments Remain to Restricting Trade in Burmese Rubies and Jadeite
GAO-09-987: Published: Sep 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2009.
Congress passed the Tom Lantos Block Burmese JADE Act in 2008 prohibiting the import of Burmese-origin jadeite, rubies, and related jewelry and calling for certain international actions. The act also requires GAO to assess the effectiveness of the implementation of this section of the act. This report assesses (1) key characteristics of the trade of Burmese-origin jadeite and rubies; (2) progress...
U.S.-Africa Trade: Options for Congressional Consideration to Improve Textile and Apparel Sector Competitiveness under the African Growth and Opportunity Act
GAO-09-916: Published: Aug 12, 2009. Publicly Released: Aug 12, 2009.
According to U.S. government officials, sub-Saharan Africa's (SSA) textile and apparel industry has not achieved the growth anticipated under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). Despite the tariff reductions under AGOA, after an initial surge, U.S. imports of these products from beneficiary countries have declined in recent years (see figure). In view of this outcome, the 2008 Andean Tr...
International Trade: Four Free Trade Agreements GAO Reviewed Have Resulted in Commercial Benefits, but Challenges on Labor and Environment Remain
GAO-09-439: Published: Jul 10, 2009. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 2009.
Since 2001, Congress has approved free trade agreements (FTA) with 14 countries. Most were negotiated under Trade Promotion Authority (TPA), which aims to lower trade barriers while strengthening the capacity of trading partners to promote respect for workers' rights and to protect the environment. The Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) is responsible for overseeing implementa...
International Trade: Prior Updates of the Trade Advisory System Offer Insights for Current Review
GAO-09-842T: Published: Jul 21, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 2009.
This testimony provides a summary of key findings from the comprehensive report on the trade advisory system that we provided to the Congress in 2002, as well as from our more recent report in 2007 on the Congressional and private sector consultations under Trade Promotion Authority. In particular, this testimony highlights our recommendations in three key areas--committee consultations, logistics...