Foreign trade policies (1 - 10 of 141 items)
African Growth and Opportunity Act: Insights from Other Countries' Preference Programs and Participation in Trade Negotiations
GAO-15-701: Published: Aug 5, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 2015.
The United States' African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) has differences from and similarities to 26 trade preference programs offered by other developed and developing countries in three key areas that can affect program performance in increasing and diversifying trade.Country eligibility. AGOA is unique in that it focuses eligibility on sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. Most other countri...
U.S.-China Trade: Detailed Lists of Commitments in Key Bilateral Dialogues (GAO-14-224SP, February 2014), an E-supplement to GAO-14-102
GAO-14-224SP: Published: Feb 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 2014.
This is an E-supplement to GAO-14-102. GAO was asked to prepare an inventory of specific bilateral trade measures that China made as part of the U.S.-China Joint Commission on Commerce and Trade (JCCT) and the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue (S&ED). This e-supplement presents an inventory of China's trade commitments that we identified and categorized in the bilateral dialogues of the J...
U.S.-China Trade: United States Has Secured Commitments in Key Bilateral Dialogues, but U.S. Agency Reporting on Status Should Be Improved
GAO-14-102: Published: Feb 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 2014.
GAO identified 298 trade and investment commitments made by China in the U.S.-China Joint Commission on Commerce and Trade (JCCT)—184 since 2004—and the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue (S&ED) and its predecessor—114 since 2007. The commitments range from affirmations of open trade principles to sector-specific actions. GAO identified 11 issue areas to characterize the content of e...
International Regulatory Cooperation: Agency Efforts Could Benefit from Increased Collaboration and Interagency Guidance
GAO-13-588: Published: Aug 1, 2013. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 2013.
All seven U.S. regulatory agencies that GAO contacted reported engaging in a range of international regulatory cooperation activities to fulfill their missions. These activities include the United States and its trading partners developing and using international standards, recognizing each other's regulations as equivalent, and sharing scientific data. U.S. agency officials GAO interviewed said t...
Options for Collecting Revenues on Liquidated Entries of Merchandise Evading Antidumping and Countervailing Duties
GAO-12-131R: Published: Nov 2, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 2, 2011.
The United States imposes antidumping and countervailing (AD/CV) duties to remedy unfair foreign trade practices that cause injury to domestic industries. Evasion of AD/CV duties weakens protections for U.S. industry and reduces U.S. revenues. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) sometimes detects such evasion after the merchandise has been "liquidated," i.e., the goods have entered commerce a...
National Export Initiative: U.S. and Foreign Commercial Service Should Improve Performance and Resource Allocation Management
GAO-11-909: Published: Sep 29, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2011.
Recognizing the potential of increased exports to drive economic growth and create jobs, President Obama in 2010 launched the National Export Initiative (NEI), aimed at doubling the dollar value of U.S. exports by the end of 2014. As requested, GAO examined the extent to which (1) the goals and activities of the U.S. and Foreign Commercial Service (CS) support the NEI, (2) CS performance measures...
Antidumping and Countervailing Duties: Options for Improving Collection
GAO-11-693T: Published: May 25, 2011. Publicly Released: May 25, 2011.
Since fiscal year 2001, the federal government has been unable to collect over $1 billion in antidumping (AD) and countervailing (CV) duties imposed to remedy injurious, unfair foreign trade practices. These include AD duties imposed on products exported to the United States at unfairly low prices (i.e., dumped) and CV duties on products exported to the United States that were subsidized by foreig...
Export Controls: Improvements Needed to Prevent Unauthorized Technology Releases to Foreign Nationals in the United States
GAO-11-354: Published: Feb 2, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2011.
Countries posing national security concerns to the U.S. could upgrade their military forces with certain technologies having civilian and military (dual-use) applications. The Department of Commerce (Commerce) may require employers to obtain a "deemed export" license before they can transfer these technologies to foreign nationals in the U.S. The State Department also requires foreign nationals to...
Export Controls: Agency Actions and Proposed Reform Initiatives May Address Previously Identified Weaknesses, but Challenges Remain
GAO-11-135R: Published: Nov 16, 2010. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 2010.
Each year, billions of dollars in arms and "dual-use" items--items that have both commercial and military applications--are exported to U.S. allies and strategic partners. To further national security, foreign policy, and economic interests, the U.S. government controls the export of these items. Over the past 10 years, we have reported on numerous weaknesses in the export control system, includin...
Export Promotion: Observations on the Export-Import Bank's Efforts to Achieve U.S. Policy Goals
GAO-10-1069T: Published: Sep 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2010.
This testimony discusses the role of the U.S. Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im) in promoting exports and achieving other U.S. policy goals. As Congress considers policies to achieve more robust growth in the U.S. economy, it must consider the full range of tools available to further growth and create new jobs for U.S. workers. Some of these tools are related to promoting exports, which can have broad ben...