Commodity marketing (1 - 10 of 59 items) in Custom Date Range
Agricultural Trade: USDA Is Monitoring Market Development Programs as Required but Could Improve Analysis of Impact
GAO-13-740: Published: Jul 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Aug 30, 2013.
Market development program participants use program funds to support a variety of activities intended to raise awareness or acceptance of U.S. agricultural products in overseas markets. Common activities include, among others, market research, consumer and retail promotion, and participation in international trade shows. GAO's analysis of expenditure data from 2007 through 2011 shows that particip...
Commitments by the European Union and the United States to Reduce Agricultural Export Subsidies
NSIAD-99-198R: Published: Jun 18, 1999. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the European Union's (EU) and the U.S.' agricultural export subsidy programs, focusing on: (1) EU and U.S. compliance with the World Trade Organization's (WTO) Agreement on Agriculture commitments to reduce agricultural export subsidies; and (2) EU and U.S. plans regarding the future use of agricultural export subsidies.GAO noted that: (1) to date,...
Agricultural Trade: Changes Made to Market Access Program, but Questions Remain on Economic Impact
NSIAD-99-38: Published: Apr 5, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's implementation of legislative reforms to the Market Access Program (MAP) and their impact on program participation.GAO noted that: (1) as directed by Congress, the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) implemented operational changes to MAP; these changes have affected program participation and distribution of funds; (2...
National Export Strategy
NSIAD-96-132R: Published: Mar 26, 1996. Publicly Released: Mar 26, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Trade Promotion Coordinating Committee's (TPCC) progress toward establishing a govermentwide strategy for promoting U.S. exports. GAO noted that: (1) TPCC continues to identify U.S. export promotion priorities in terms of export markets, programs, and policies; (2) TPCC uses the Department of Commerce's Big Emerging Markets strategy to prioriti...
RCED-95-280R: Published: Sep 29, 1995. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on: (1) the arrangement agreed to in the Uruguay Round for an increased allocation of cheese to U.S. importers and the effect of this arrangement on the U.S. dairy industry; (2) U.S. trade remedies that are available to protect the dairy sector and the extent to which they have been applied to cheese imports; (3) the operations of one s...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Foreign Agriculture Service Could Benefit from Better Strategic Planning
GGD-95-225: Published: Sep 28, 1995. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Foreign Agriculture Service (FAS) to determine if FAS uses its resources in the most effective manner to accomplish its mission.GAO found that: (1) FAS long-term agricultural trade strategy (LATS) and country marketing plans lack the specificity and measurable goals that are necessary to establish priorities and allocate resources efficiently a...
Agricultural Trade: Competitor Countries' Foreign Market Development Programs
T-GGD-95-184: Published: Jun 14, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed: (1) competitor countries' foreign agricultural market development activities; and (2) state trading enterprises (STE). GAO noted that: (1) the European Union spends far more on total agricultural support than the United States; (2) foreign market development includes advertising, consumer promotion, trade servicing and market research; (3) althou...
Export Promotion: Rationales for and Against Government Programs and Expenditures
T-GGD-95-169: Published: May 23, 1995. Publicly Released: May 23, 1995.
GAO discussed the rationales for and against the operation of government export promotion programs. GAO noted that: (1) supporters have justified export promotion programs for job creation and deficit reduction and the enhancement of trade policy objectives, but there are no empirical data on the programs' effect on such issues; (2) many economists believe that government intervention in private m...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Foreign-Owned Exporters' Participation in the Export Enhancement Program
GGD-95-127: Published: May 11, 1995. Publicly Released: May 11, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the participation of foreign-owned companies in the Foreign Agricultural Service's (FAS) Export Enhancement Program (EEP).GAO found that: (1) foreign exporters' participation in EEP is consistent with the program's basic objectives of discouraging other countries' unfair trade practices and increasing the competitiveness of U.S. agricultural commod...
U.S. & Foreign Commercial Service: Comments on Proposed Transfer to the Department of State
T-GGD-95-141: Published: Mar 21, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 21, 1995.
GAO discussed the proposal to abolish the Department of Commerce's United States and Foreign Commercial Service (US&FCS) and return primary responsibility for overseas commercial activities to the Department of State. GAO noted that: (1) the primary responsibility for overseas commercial activities was transferred from State to Commerce in 1980; (2) Commerce's initial experience with managing US&F...