International trade (121 - 130 of 460 items)
International Trade: Critical Issues Remain in Deterring Conflict Diamond Trade
GAO-02-678: Published: Jun 14, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 2002.
The United Nations (U.N.) General Assembly defines conflict diamonds as rough diamonds used by rebel movements to finance their military activities, including attempts to undermine or overthrow legitimate governments. The United States and much of the international community are trying to sever the link between conflict and diamonds while ensuring that no harm is done to the legitimate diamond ind...
World Trade Organization: Observations on China's Rule of Law Reforms
GAO-02-812T: Published: Jun 6, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 2002.
This testimony describes China's development of rule of law practices related to the commitments China made to the World Trade Organization (WTO), which it joined in November 2001. When China joined the WTO, it agreed that its legal measures would be consistent with its WTO obligations. GAO found 60 commitments that specifically obligate China to enact, repeal, or modify trade-related laws or regu...
Free Trade Area Of The Americas: Negotiators Move Toward Agreement That Will Have Benefits, Costs to U.S. Economy
GAO-01-1027: Published: Sep 7, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2001.
The 34 democratic countries of the Western Hemisphere pledged in December 1994 to form Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) no later than 2005. The FTAA agreement would eliminate tariffs and create common trade and investment rules among the 34 democratic nations of the Western Hemisphere. When completed, the FTAA agreement will cover about 800 million people, more than $11 trillion in producti...
North American Free Trade Agreement: U.S. Experience With Environment, Labor, and Investment Dispute Settlement Cases
GAO-01-933: Published: Jul 20, 2001. Publicly Released: Aug 21, 2001.
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which went into effect in 1994, was intended to spur trade and investment throughout North America. Separately, the three NAFTA countries--the United States, Canada, and Mexico--negotiated and entered into two side agreements, the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation and the North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation. The side ag...
International Trade: Comparison of U.S. and European Union Preference Programs
GAO-01-647: Published: Jun 8, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 2001.
Both the United States and the European Union (EU) began providing trade preferences to eligible developing countries in the early 1970s. These trade preferences, which reduced tariffs and product quotas, are "nonreciprocal," meaning that beneficiaries need not reciprocate with lower tariffs for donor export countries. This report discusses (1) the volume of U.S. and EU nonreciprocal preferential...
Former Soviet Union: U.S. Rule of Law Assistance Has Had Limited Impact
GAO-01-354: Published: Apr 17, 2001. Publicly Released: May 17, 2001.
For fiscal years 1992 through 2000, the U.S. government provided assistance to help the 12 newly independent states of the former Soviet Union develop the sustainable institutions, traditions, and legal foundations that ensure a strong rule of law. This report (1) assesses the extent to which the program has had an impact on the development of the rule of law and whether the program results are su...
Free Trade Area of the Americas: Negotiations at Key Juncture on Eve of April Meetings
GAO-01-552: Published: Mar 30, 2001. Publicly Released: Apr 2, 2001.
The negotiations to establish a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), which would eliminate tariffs and create common trade and investment rules within the 34 democratic nations of the Western Hemisphere, are among the most significant ongoing multilateral trade negotiations for the United States. Two meetings held in April 2001 offer opportunities to inject momentum and set an ambitious pace fo...
Export Controls: System for Controlling Exports of High Performance Computing Is Ineffective
GAO-01-10: Published: Dec 18, 2000. Publicly Released: Jan 17, 2001.
The U.S. government controls the export of high performance computers to sensitive destinations on the basis of foreign policy and national security concerns. The current control system for high performance computers is ineffective because it focuses on controlling individual machines and cannot prevent countries of concern from linking or clustering many lower performance uncontrolled computers t...
Lobbying Activity in Support of China Permanent Normal Trade Relations
B-285298: Published: May 22, 2000. Publicly Released: May 22, 2000.
GAO commented on whether the efforts of the White House China Trade Relations Working Group and selected agencies violated the anti-lobbying provisions of 18 U.S.C. 1913. GAO noted that it identified one violation, which involved an electronic mail (e-mail) authorized by an agency representative assigned to the Working Group. While this appeared to constitute a violation of the applicable anti-lob...
World Trade Organization: Status of China's Trade Commitments to the United States and Other Members
NSIAD-00-142: Published: May 16, 2000. Publicly Released: May 16, 2000.
GAO followed up on its previous report on the status of China's World Trade Organization (WTO) membership negotiations, focusing on the: (1) results of the November 1999 bilateral Agreement on Market Access between China and the United States; and (2) status of China's ongoing multilateral negotiations in the WTO.GAO noted that: (1) in a November 1999 bilateral agreement with China, U.S. and Chine...