International trade (111 - 120 of 460 items)
International Trade: Mexico's Maquiladora Decline Affects U.S.-Mexico Border Communities and Trade; Recovery Depends in Part on Mexico's Actions
GAO-03-891: Published: Jul 25, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 25, 2003.
Mexico's maquiladoras have evolved into the largest component of U.S.-Mexico trade. Maquiladoras import raw materials and components for processing or assembly by Mexican labor and reexport the resulting products, primarily to the United States. Most maquiladoras are U.S. owned, and maquiladoras import most of their components from U.S. suppliers. Maquiladoras have also been an engine of growth fo...
GAO's Electronic Database of China's World Trade Organization Commitments
GAO-03-797R: Published: Jun 13, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 13, 2003.
China's December 2001 accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) signified that the world's seventh largest economy and the United State's fourth largest trading partner would be subject to the multilateral organization's trade liberalizing requirements. China's accession agreement is a set of legal documents totaling more than 800 pages. In order to fulfill its WTO commitments, China will ha...
Free Trade Area of the Americas: United States Faces Challenges as Co-Chair of Final Negotiating Phase and Host of November 2003 Ministerial
GAO-03-700T: Published: May 13, 2003. Publicly Released: May 13, 2003.
Since 1998, the 34 democratic nations of the Western Hemisphere have been negotiating a Free Trade Area of the Americas agreement to eliminate tariffs and create common trade and investment rules for these nations. The United States will co-chair, with Brazil, the final phase of the negotiations, due to conclude in January 2005. GAO was asked to (1) review challenges that the United States faces a...
World Trade Organization: First-Year U.S. Efforts to Monitor China's Compliance
GAO-03-461: Published: Mar 31, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2003.
China's December 2001 membership in the World Trade Organization created substantial opportunities for U.S. companies seeking to expand into China's vast market, and for significant reforms within China at all levels of government. However, the benefits of China's membership in the World Trade Organization are contingent on China's successful implementation of its commitments. In recognizing this...
International Trade: Advisory Committee System Should Be Updated to Better Serve U.S. Policy Needs
GAO-02-876: Published: Sep 24, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 23, 2002.
In 1974, Congress mandated creation of a private sector advisory system to ensure that representatives from private business and other groups with a stake in trade policy could provide input as negotiations unfolded. The hope was that such involvement would result in trade agreements that Congress could approve with confidence. The law established a three-tier structure of committees to advise the...
World Trade Organization: Analysis of China's Commitments to Other Members
GAO-03-4: Published: Oct 3, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 2002.
China's entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO) on December 11, 2001, represented a major step in the reform efforts of the U.S.'s fourth largest trading partner. When implemented, these reforms will liberalize and modernize China's economy and trading activities, including its industrial, services, and agricultural sectors. However, understanding the implications of China's accession depend...
World Trade Organization: Selected U.S. Company Views about China's Membership
GAO-02-1056: Published: Sep 23, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2002.
China's entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO) on December 11, 2001, brought the world's seventh largest economy under global trade liberalizing rules. If implemented, China's commitments will open China's economy and reform its trading activities, thereby expanding U.S. companies' opportunities for investing in China and for exporting goods, agricultural products, and services to China. Un...
World Trade Organization: Early Decisions Are Vital to Progress in Ongoing Negotiations
GAO-02-879: Published: Sep 4, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 2002.
In November 2001, the World Trade Organization launched a new set of multilateral negotiations at its ministerial conference in Doha, Qatar. The ministerial conference was important because it laid out an ambitious agenda for a broad set of new multilateral trade negotiations, set forth in the Doha Ministerial Declaration. The declaration calls for a continuation of discussions on liberalizing tra...
International Trade: Federal Action Needed to Help Small Businesses Address Foreign Patent Challenges
GAO-02-789: Published: Jul 17, 2002. Publicly Released: Aug 22, 2002.
Small and start-up businesses are principal sources of innovation and are vital to U.S. economic growth. Statistics show that small business created more than 5.5 million new jobs in the United States during the 1990s. In the current global economy, protecting innovations in the United States and abroad is an important component of small businesses' ability to develop overseas markets. The cost of...
Export Promotion: Export-Import Bank and Treasury Differ in Their Approaches to Using Tied Aid
GAO-02-741: Published: Jun 28, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2002.
The Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank) uses tied air to support U.S. exporters facing foreign competitors. Tied aid is government-to-government concessional financing of public sector capital projects in developing countries that is linked to the procurement of goods and services from the donor country. Through the Tied Aid Capital projects fund, Ex-Im Bank may provide financing to support the negoti...