International trade (1 - 10 of 459 items)
International Trade: Government Procurement Agreements Contain Similar Provisions, but Market Access Commitments Vary
GAO-16-727: Published: Sep 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 2016.
GAO found that the World Trade Organization's (WTO) Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) and selected U.S. free trade agreements' (FTA) government procurement chapters that GAO reviewed generally have similarities in text, and commitments, potentially because parties negotiated multiple agreements concurrently (see fig.). Each of the agreements outlines the general method for conducting gover...
Antidumping and Countervailing Duties: CBP Action Needed to Reduce Duty Processing Errors and Mitigate Nonpayment Risk
GAO-16-542: Published: Jul 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 15, 2016.
GAO estimates that about $2.3 billion in antidumping (AD) and countervailing (CV) duties owed to the U.S. government were uncollected as of mid-May 2015, based on its analysis of AD/CV duty bills for goods entering the United States in fiscal years 2001–2014. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) reported that it does not expect to collect most of that debt. GAO found that most AD/CV duty bil...
Southeast Asia: Trends in U.S. and Chinese Economic Engagement in Indonesia and Vietnam
GAO-16-186: Published: Oct 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 2015.
Indonesia. In 2014, China's imports from, and exports to, Indonesia exceeded the United States' (see figure). The United States and China compete more often with other countries than with each other in goods exported to Indonesia and win contracts in different sectors. In contrast to the United States, which is not involved in a free trade agreement (FTA) with Indonesia, China is a party to a regi...
Southeast Asia: Trends in U.S. and Chinese Economic Engagement
GAO-15-724: Published: Aug 13, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 13, 2015.
View Chinese version of Highlights (PDF, 1 page).What GAO FoundChina has surpassed the United States in goods trade with Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries and trades a similar amount of services, but U.S. investment exceeds reported Chinese investment. China surpassed the United States in goods trade with ASEAN countries in 2007. In 2014, China's total goods trade of $480 bi...
African Growth and Opportunity Act: Insights from Other Countries' Preference Programs and Participation in Trade Negotiations
GAO-15-701: Published: Aug 5, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 2015.
The United States' African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) has differences from and similarities to 26 trade preference programs offered by other developed and developing countries in three key areas that can affect program performance in increasing and diversifying trade.Country eligibility. AGOA is unique in that it focuses eligibility on sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. Most other countri...
International Trade: The United States and European Union Are the Two Largest Markets Covered by Key Procurement-Related Agreements
GAO-15-717: Published: Jul 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2015.
The United States is a party to, or is currently negotiating, international agreements covering government procurement with 60 countries. From 2008 through 2012 these countries together spent on average about $4.4 trillion annually to procure goods and services and to fund capital projects. This represented about a quarter of their total general government expenditures, and includes spending at th...
Iranian Commercial Activities Update: Foreign Firms Reported to Have Engaged in Iran's Energy or Communications Sectors
GAO-15-258R: Published: Jan 13, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 13, 2015.
GAO’s reviews of open sources published between November 8, 2013, and December 1, 2014, identified five foreign firms that were reported to have engaged in commercial activity in Iran’s energy sector during this time period. For six additional firms that GAO had previously identified as reported to have engaged in commercial activity in Iran’s energy sector, GAO found insufficient informatio...
Intellectual Property: U.S. Customs and Border Protection Could Better Manage Its Process to Enforce Exclusion Orders
GAO-15-78: Published: Nov 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2014.
The Department of Homeland Security's U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) uses two processes to enforce exclusion orders issued by the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC): a four-phase process to detect and deny entry to or seize infringing products at U.S. ports and an administrative ruling process that determines in advance of importing whether products are covered by exclusion orders...
Foreign Assistance: USAID Should Update Its Trade Capacity Building Strategy
GAO-14-602: Published: Aug 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2014.
The U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) 2003 trade capacity building (TCB) strategy does not directly guide TCB activities, and parts of the strategy no longer reflect the current TCB environment. USAID's TCB activities are primarily guided by country needs and many of these activities are elements of large development projects that have their own objectives. According to USAID, th...
African Growth and Opportunity Act: Observations on Competitiveness and Diversification of U.S. Imports from Beneficiary Countries
GAO-14-722R: Published: Jul 21, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 2014.
U.S. imports from African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) countries have increased since 2001, but AGOA countries' share of overall U.S. imports remained small and experienced declines in recent years. GAO analyzed total U.S. imports from AGOA countries, including both imports under AGOA (i.e., imports that received duty-free access claiming AGOA preference benefits) and other imports (i.e., imp...