International trade (31 - 40 of 459 items)
Department of Commerce: Office of Manufacturing and Services Could Better Measure and Communicate Its Contributions to Trade Policy
GAO-11-583: Published: Jun 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2011.
Declining U.S. manufacturing has been an issue of continuing concern for policymakers; this was reflected in the Obama Administration's (Administration) 2010 announcement of the National Export Initiative. The Administration has also shown interest in improving the efficiency of the federal support of trade operations. In 2004, the Office of Manufacturing and Services (MAS) was established within...
Antidumping and Countervailing Duties: Options for Improving Collection
GAO-11-693T: Published: May 25, 2011. Publicly Released: May 25, 2011.
Since fiscal year 2001, the federal government has been unable to collect over $1 billion in antidumping (AD) and countervailing (CV) duties imposed to remedy injurious, unfair foreign trade practices. These include AD duties imposed on products exported to the United States at unfairly low prices (i.e., dumped) and CV duties on products exported to the United States that were subsidized by foreig...
Export Controls: Improvements Needed to Prevent Unauthorized Technology Releases to Foreign Nationals in the United States
GAO-11-354: Published: Feb 2, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2011.
Countries posing national security concerns to the U.S. could upgrade their military forces with certain technologies having civilian and military (dual-use) applications. The Department of Commerce (Commerce) may require employers to obtain a "deemed export" license before they can transfer these technologies to foreign nationals in the U.S. The State Department also requires foreign nationals to...
Export Controls: Agency Actions and Proposed Reform Initiatives May Address Previously Identified Weaknesses, but Challenges Remain
GAO-11-135R: Published: Nov 16, 2010. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 2010.
Each year, billions of dollars in arms and "dual-use" items--items that have both commercial and military applications--are exported to U.S. allies and strategic partners. To further national security, foreign policy, and economic interests, the U.S. government controls the export of these items. Over the past 10 years, we have reported on numerous weaknesses in the export control system, includin...
Export Promotion: Observations on the Export-Import Bank's Efforts to Achieve U.S. Policy Goals
GAO-10-1069T: Published: Sep 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2010.
This testimony discusses the role of the U.S. Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im) in promoting exports and achieving other U.S. policy goals. As Congress considers policies to achieve more robust growth in the U.S. economy, it must consider the full range of tools available to further growth and create new jobs for U.S. workers. Some of these tools are related to promoting exports, which can have broad ben...
Export Promotion: The Export-Import Bank's Financing of Dual-Use Exports
GAO-10-1052R: Published: Sep 15, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2010.
Since October 1994, the Export-Import Bank of the United States (Ex-Im) has had statutory authority to provide loans, guarantees, and insurance to help finance U.S. exports of defense articles and services, provided that it determines these items are nonlethal and meant primarily for civilian use (dual-use). These exports, referred to as "dual-use" exports, include such items as vehicles that are...
Firms Reported in Open Sources to Have Sold Iran Refined Petroleum Products between January 1, 2009, and June 30, 2010
GAO-10-967R: Published: Sep 3, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 3, 2010.
The United States has imposed multiple sanctions against Iran to deter it from developing its nuclear program, supporting terrorism, and abusing human rights. On July 1, 2010, the President signed into law the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act (CISADA) of 2010. CISADA amends the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (ISA) to require the President to impose three or more of a po...
Export Promotion: Increases in Commercial Service Workforce Should Be Better Planned
GAO-10-874: Published: Aug 31, 2010. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2010.
Since the recent recession, policymakers have emphasized the role exports can play in strengthening the U.S. economy and in creating higher paying jobs. In March 2010 the President signed an Executive Order creating the National Export Initiative (NEI), with a goal of doubling U.S. exports in 5 years. However, since 2004 the workforce of the U.S. and Foreign Commercial Service (CS) has shrunk, cal...
Iran Sanctions: New Act Underscores Importance of Comprehensive Assessment of Sanctions' Effectiveness
GAO-10-928T: Published: Jul 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2010.
This testimony discusses our work on the implementation of U.S. sanctions against Iran. It discusses the continuing challenges the United States faces in (1) deterring the illegal transshipment of U.S. goods to Iran, (2) restricting foreign investment in Iran's energy sector, and (3) assessing the overall effectiveness of U.S. sanctions. In addition, it discusses how the Comprehensive Iran Sanctio...
Export-Import Bank: Reaching New Targets for Environmentally Beneficial Exports Presents Major Challenges for Bank
GAO-10-682: Published: Jul 14, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2010.
The Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im) provides financing to support U.S. exports, and its support for environmentally beneficial exports has been of long-standing congressional interest. In fiscal year 2008, Congress directed Ex-Im to allocate 10 percent of its annual financing to renewable energy and environmentally beneficial products and services. For fiscal years 2009 and 2010, it directed Ex-Im to a...