International relations (31 - 40 of 960 items)
International Cash-Based Food Assistance: USAID Has Developed Processes for Initial Project Approval but Should Strengthen Financial Oversight
GAO-15-328: Published: Mar 26, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 26, 2015.
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) awards new cash-based food assistance grants under its Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) through a competitive proposal review or an expedited noncompetitive process; however, USAID lacks formal internal guidance for modifying awards. In its review of 22 grant awards, GAO found that USAID made 13 through its competitive process, 7 through...
Summer Work Travel Program: State Department Has Taken Steps to Strengthen Program Requirements, but Additional Actions Could Further Enhance Oversight
GAO-15-265: Published: Feb 11, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 13, 2015.
Each year, college and university students from all over the world participate in the Department of State's (State) Summer Work Travel (SWT) program. State records show that in 2014, about 79,000 participants from more than 120 countries worked up to 4 months in jobs such as lifeguard, cashier, and resort worker throughout the United States (see map). Participants are meant to experience U.S. cult...
Enterprise Funds: Egypt and Tunisia Funds Are Established; Additional Steps Would Strengthen Compliance with USAID Grant Agreements and Other Requirements
GAO-15-196: Published: Feb 2, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 2, 2015.
The Egyptian-American Enterprise Fund (EAEF) has not yet made any investments in Egypt, and the Tunisian-American Enterprise Fund (TAEF) has made an over $2.4 million investment in Tunisia. EAEF has not made any investments in Egypt as its initial investment did not proceed as planned. EAEF's attempt to purchase a bank in Egypt that would lend money to small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) was...
Human Trafficking: Oversight of Contractors' Use of Foreign Workers in High-Risk Environments Needs to Be Strengthened
GAO-15-102: Published: Nov 18, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 2014.
Current policies and guidance governing the payment of recruitment fees by foreign workers on certain U.S. government contracts do not provide clear instructions to agencies or contractors regarding the components or amounts of permissible fees related to recruitment. GAO found that some foreign workers—individuals who are not citizens of the United States or the host country—had reported payi...
Nuclear Commerce: Additional Actions Needed to Improve DOE's Export Control Process
GAO-15-124: Published: Oct 14, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 2014.
The Department of Energy (DOE) has consistently missed its 30-day targets for the initial and interagency stages of the Part 810 review process (see table). From 2008 through 2013, DOE missed the target for the initial review stage for 80 of 89 applications processed, and interagency review times missed DOE's 30-day target for 85 applications. DOE has not established a target for the entire final...
Combating Terrorism: Strategy to Counter Iran in the Western Hemisphere Has Gaps That State Department Should Address
GAO-14-834: Published: Sep 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 21, 2014.
The Department of State (State) uses a variety of mechanisms to collaborate with interagency partners and host governments to address activities of Iran in the Western Hemisphere. In developing the strategy, which includes an Intelligence Community Assessment developed by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), State's Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs worked with other U.S...
Foreign Assistance: USAID Should Update Its Trade Capacity Building Strategy
GAO-14-602: Published: Aug 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2014.
The U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) 2003 trade capacity building (TCB) strategy does not directly guide TCB activities, and parts of the strategy no longer reflect the current TCB environment. USAID's TCB activities are primarily guided by country needs and many of these activities are elements of large development projects that have their own objectives. According to USAID, th...
Foreign Assistance: Briefing on U.S. International Water-Related Assistance
GAO-14-683R: Published: Jul 24, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 24, 2014.
In summary, GAO found the following regarding U.S. agency funding, roles, staffing, and coordination related to international water-related assistance:Funding. U.S. agencies reported providing billions of dollars in international water-related assistance in fiscal years 2009 through 2013. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) reported prov...
African Growth and Opportunity Act: Observations on Competitiveness and Diversification of U.S. Imports from Beneficiary Countries
GAO-14-722R: Published: Jul 21, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 2014.
U.S. imports from African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) countries have increased since 2001, but AGOA countries' share of overall U.S. imports remained small and experienced declines in recent years. GAO analyzed total U.S. imports from AGOA countries, including both imports under AGOA (i.e., imports that received duty-free access claiming AGOA preference benefits) and other imports (i.e., imp...
Conflict Minerals: Stakeholder Options for Responsible Sourcing Are Expanding, but More Information on Smelters Is Needed
GAO-14-575: Published: Jun 26, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 2014.
Since the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the Act) was passed in 2010, relevant U.S. agencies have undertaken various activities related to responsible sourcing of conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and adjoining countries. In response to the Act, the Department of State (State) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) deve...