International organizations (21 - 30 of 85 items)
World Trade Organization: Ensuring China's Compliance Requires a Sustained and Multifaceted Approach
GAO-04-172T: Published: Oct 30, 2003. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2003.
China's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in December 2001 created substantial opportunities for U.S. companies seeking to expand into China's market. In joining the WTO, China agreed to liberalize its trade regime and open its markets to foreign goods and services. However, the U.S. government has become concerned about ensuring that China honors its commitments to offer a more pred...
GAO's Electronic Database of China's World Trade Organization Commitments
GAO-03-797R: Published: Jun 13, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 13, 2003.
China's December 2001 accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) signified that the world's seventh largest economy and the United State's fourth largest trading partner would be subject to the multilateral organization's trade liberalizing requirements. China's accession agreement is a set of legal documents totaling more than 800 pages. In order to fulfill its WTO commitments, China will ha...
GAO-03-792R: Published: May 15, 2003. Publicly Released: May 15, 2003.
Rebuilding Iraq is a U.S. national security priority. As part of this effort, Congress appropriated $79 billon in emergency supplemental funds for fiscal year 2003 for military operations and Iraq's reconstruction, including humanitarian relief, peacekeeping, and economic and political reform. We have issued reports on similar programs to rebuild countries in the former Yugoslavia, the former Sovi...
Benefits and Costs of the Debt Relief Enhancement Act of 2002
GAO-03-215R: Published: Oct 11, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 11, 2002.
Despite years of effort to provide debt relief to the world's poorest countries, these countries' debt problems still have not been resolved. In response to this situation, Congress introduced Senate Bill 2210, the Debt Relief Enhancement Act of 2002, to reduce these countries' debt service payments to manageable levels. The act proposes that no qualified country pay more than 10 percent of its re...
World Trade Organization: Analysis of China's Commitments to Other Members
GAO-03-4: Published: Oct 3, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 2002.
China's entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO) on December 11, 2001, represented a major step in the reform efforts of the U.S.'s fourth largest trading partner. When implemented, these reforms will liberalize and modernize China's economy and trading activities, including its industrial, services, and agricultural sectors. However, understanding the implications of China's accession depend...
World Trade Organization: Selected U.S. Company Views about China's Membership
GAO-02-1056: Published: Sep 23, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2002.
China's entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO) on December 11, 2001, brought the world's seventh largest economy under global trade liberalizing rules. If implemented, China's commitments will open China's economy and reform its trading activities, thereby expanding U.S. companies' opportunities for investing in China and for exporting goods, agricultural products, and services to China. Un...
Developing Countries: Switching Some Multilateral Loans to Grants Would Lesson Poor Country Debt Burdens
GAO-02-698T: Published: May 2, 2002. Publicly Released: May 2, 2002.
Last year, President Bush proposed that the World Bank and other development banks replace half of all future loans to the world's poorest countries with grants. The goal of the proposal was to relieve poor countries' long term debt burdens. The World Bank estimates that the proposal would result in a financial loss of $100 billion dollars to it during the next 40 years. GAO found that the proposa...
International Trade: Significant Challenges Remain in Deterring Trade in Conflict Diamonds
GAO-02-425T: Published: Feb 13, 2002. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 2002.
Easily concealed and transported, and virtually untraceable to their original source, diamonds are often used in lieu of currency in arms deals, money laundering, and other criminal activity. U.S. controls over diamond imports only require certification from the country of last import--and thus cannot identify diamonds from conflict sources. Although the United States bans diamonds documented as c...
Foreign Assistance: Lessons Learned From Donors' Experiences in the Pacific Region
GAO-01-808: Published: Aug 17, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2001.
Australia, Japan, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States have been the major providers of bilateral development assistance to the Pacific Island nations since 1987. The Asian Development Bank and the European Union have been the major multilateral donors. The donors' main development objectives, according to the planning documents, have been to alleviate poverty and to set the Paci...
International Monetary Fund: Few Changes Evident in Design of New Lending Program for Poor Countries
GAO-01-581: Published: May 8, 2001. Publicly Released: May 8, 2001.
The effectiveness and appropriateness of the International Monetary Fund's lending programs to poor countries have been widely debated, generally centering on whether the program has improved these countries' economies. In response to some of these concerns and as part of a concerted international effort to reduce poverty, the Fund expanded the goals of its lending program to its poorest members i...