Foreign trade policies (31 - 40 of 99 items)
Export-Import Bank: Options for Achieving Possible Budget Reductions
NSIAD-97-7: Published: Dec 20, 1996. Publicly Released: Jan 10, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) how the Export-Import Bank of the United States (Eximbank) spends its program appropriation; (2) program options that the Eximbank may want to consider to reduce the cost of its export financing programs; (3) potential implications of these options; and (4) the nature and extent of Eximbank's involvement in a type of financing known as project...
International Relations and Trade Issue Area--Active Assignments
AA-97-5(1): Published: Jan 2, 1997. Publicly Released: Jan 2, 1997.
GAO provided information on its active assignments in the International Relations and Trade issue area as of January 2, 1997...
World Trade Organization: Status of Issues to Be Considered at Singapore Ministerial Meeting
T-NSIAD-96-243: Published: Sep 27, 1996. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 1996.
GAO discussed the implementation of the Uruguay Round agreements and the World Trade Organization's (WTO) operations in the context of the upcoming Singapore ministerial meeting. GAO noted that: (1) implementation of the Uruguay Round agreements is complex, and the Singapore meeting will provide WTO member countries with the opportunity to take stock of their implementation efforts; (2) limitation...
International Trade: Implementation Issues Concerning the World Trade Organization
T-NSIAD-96-122: Published: Mar 13, 1996. Publicly Released: Mar 13, 1996.
GAO discussed the implementation of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade's Uruguay Round agreements and the operation of the World Trade Organization (WTO). GAO noted that: (1) the U.S. has generally achieved its negotiating objectives in the Uruguay Round; (2) the agreements are expected to open markets by reducing trade barriers and unfair trade practices; (3) some U.S. industries and dome...
Export Finance: Comparative Analysis of U.S. and European Union Export Credit Agencies
GGD-96-1: Published: Oct 24, 1995. Publicly Released: Oct 24, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the types of export-financing assistance that the United States and five European Union (EU) countries provide to exporters, focusing on the: (1) types of export-financing delivery systems used in the countries; (2) differences in and types of trade-offs among U.S. and EU member state programs; and (3) status of international efforts to limit the u...
Export Promotion: Rationales for and Against Government Programs and Expenditures
T-GGD-95-169: Published: May 23, 1995. Publicly Released: May 23, 1995.
GAO discussed the rationales for and against the operation of government export promotion programs. GAO noted that: (1) supporters have justified export promotion programs for job creation and deficit reduction and the enhancement of trade policy objectives, but there are no empirical data on the programs' effect on such issues; (2) many economists believe that government intervention in private m...
International Trade: U.S. Efforts to Counter Competitors' Tied Aid Practices
T-GGD-95-128: Published: Mar 28, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 1995.
GAO discussed the tied aid practices of the United States and its major competitors, focusing on the: (1) adverse effects of foreign tied aid programs on U.S. exports; and (2) effectiveness of U.S. efforts to mitigate these potential adverse effects. GAO noted that: (1) foreign competitors' tied aid practices can cause trade distortions, adversely affect economic development policy decisions, and...
International Trade: Reauthorization of the Generalized System of Preferences Program
T-GGD-95-104: Published: Feb 27, 1995. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 1995.
GAO discussed the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) Program and its reauthorization. GAO noted that: (1) a few beneficiary countries receive the majority of GSP benefits, but not all GSP-eligible products enter the United States duty-free because of certain program limitations; (2) the program generally has a well structured process for adding or removing products from GSP coverage; (3) prog...
U.S.-China Trade: Implementation of Agreements on Market Access and Intellectual Property
GGD-95-61: Published: Jan 25, 1995. Publicly Released: Jan 27, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed China's implementation of two memoranda of understanding regarding improved market access and intellectual property rights (IPR) protection, focusing on: (1) China's compliance with the market access provisions; (2) China's progress in meeting eligibility requirements for the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT); (3) China's compliance wit...
International Trade: Issues Regarding Imposition of an Oil Embargo Against Nigeria
GGD-95-24: Published: Nov 10, 1994. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed the potential economic and political effects of a multilateral oil embargo on Nigeria and an U.S. oil embargo on Nigeria.GAO found that: (1) although a multilateral oil embargo could have a devastating effect on Nigeria's economy, there is little international support for implementing such an embargo; (2) a multilateral embargo on Nigerian oil coul...