Foreign trade policies (11 - 20 of 99 items)
U.S.-China Trade: Eliminating Nonmarket Economy Methodology Would Lower Antidumping Duties for Some Chinese Companies
GAO-06-231: Published: Jan 10, 2006. Publicly Released: Jan 10, 2006.
U.S. companies adversely affected by unfair imports may seek a number of relief measures, including antidumping (AD) duties. The Department of Commerce (Commerce) classifies China as a nonmarket economy (NME) and uses a special methodology that is commonly believed to produce AD duty rates that are higher than those applied to market economies. Commerce may stop applying its NME methodology if it...
China Trade: U.S. Exports, Investment, Affiliate Sales Rising, but Export Share Falling
GAO-06-162: Published: Dec 9, 2005. Publicly Released: Dec 9, 2005.
China is important to the global economy and a major U.S. trading partner. By joining the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001, China pledged to further liberalize its trade regime and follow global trade rules. While U.S.-Chinese commercial relations have expanded, controversies have emerged, including the size and growth of the U.S. trade deficit with China, China's lack of intellectual proper...
International Trade: Further Improvements Needed to Handle Growing Workload for Monitoring and Enforcing Trade Agreements
GAO-05-537: Published: Jun 30, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 26, 2005.
The vast majority of U.S. exports are covered by at least one trade agreement. Ensuring that U.S. companies can take advantage of the market opportunities created by trade agreements has therefore become a critical responsibility for U.S. government agencies. GAO examined U.S. government efforts to monitor and enforce trade agreements. Specifically, GAO (1) reviewed how the nature and scope of U.S...
U.S.-China Trade: Opportunities to Improve U.S. Government Efforts to Ensure Open and Fair Markets
GAO-05-554T: Published: Apr 14, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 2005.
Today's hearing takes place not only at a time of increasing trade between the United States and China but also amidst a period of ongoing concern about the growing U.S. trade deficit with China, which totaled $162 billion in 2004. Managing this relationship with one of the United States' most important trading partners is an effort that calls upon the resources of nearly every aspect of the U.S....
International Trade: Comparison of U.S. and European Union Preference Programs
GAO-01-647: Published: Jun 8, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 2001.
Both the United States and the European Union (EU) began providing trade preferences to eligible developing countries in the early 1970s. These trade preferences, which reduced tariffs and product quotas, are "nonreciprocal," meaning that beneficiaries need not reciprocate with lower tariffs for donor export countries. This report discusses (1) the volume of U.S. and EU nonreciprocal preferential...
World Trade Organization: Issues in Dispute Settlement
NSIAD-00-210: Published: Aug 9, 2000. Publicly Released: Aug 9, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the World Trade Organization's (WTO) dispute settlement system, focusing on the: (1) outcome and commercial impact of completed cases involving the United States; and (2) major issues that have emerged in using the system.GAO noted that: (1) overall, the results of the WTO's dispute settlement process have been positive for the United States; (2) G...
World Trade Organization: Status of China's Trade Commitments to the United States and Other Members
NSIAD-00-142: Published: May 16, 2000. Publicly Released: May 16, 2000.
GAO followed up on its previous report on the status of China's World Trade Organization (WTO) membership negotiations, focusing on the: (1) results of the November 1999 bilateral Agreement on Market Access between China and the United States; and (2) status of China's ongoing multilateral negotiations in the WTO.GAO noted that: (1) in a November 1999 bilateral agreement with China, U.S. and Chine...
World Trade Organization: China's Membership Status and Normal Trade Relations Issues
NSIAD-00-94: Published: Mar 17, 2000. Publicly Released: Mar 17, 2000.
GAO provided information on efforts to grant China membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO), focusing on: (1) the status of negotiations for China to join WTO; (2) the results of the negotiations as compared to U.S. objectives for these negotiations; and (3) trade and legal considerations about granting China permanent normal trade relations status.GAO noted that: (1) although the United S...
World Trade Organization: Progress in Agricultural Trade Negotiations May Be Slow
T-NSIAD-00-122: Published: Mar 7, 2000. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the negotiations on agricultural trade being conducted by the World Trade Organization (WTO), focusing on: (1) U.S. and other countries' objectives in the agricultural trade negotiations; (2) progress achieved during the 1999 WTO Seattle ministerial conference; and (3) prospects for future negotiations.GAO noted that: (1) WTO member countries inte...
World Trade Organization: Seattle Ministerial: Outcomes and Lessons Learned
T-NSIAD-00-86: Published: Feb 10, 2000. Publicly Released: Feb 10, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the World Trade Organization's (WTO) 1999 ministerial conference, focusing on the: (1) outcome of the ministerial conference; (2) factors contributing to the outcome; and (3) the lessons learned from the meeting.GAO noted that: (1) the WTO member countries failed to meet their goal of launching a new round of multilateral trade negotiations at the...