Foreign governments (31 - 40 of 145 items)
The Democratic Republic of the Congo: Systematic Assessment Is Needed to Determine Agencies' Progress toward U.S. Policy Objectives
GAO-08-188: Published: Dec 14, 2007. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 2007.
In enacting the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) Relief, Security, and Democracy Promotion Act of 2006 (the Act), Congress established 15 U.S. policy objectives to address the DRC's humanitarian, development, economic and natural resource, governance, and security issues and mandated that GAO review actions taken by U.S. agencies to achieve these objectives. In this report, GAO identifies (1...
GAO China Antidumping Database, an E-supplement to GAO-06-231
GAO-06-652SP: Published: Apr 21, 2006. Publicly Released: Apr 21, 2006.
This e-supplement is a companion to GAO's report U.S.-China Trade: Eliminating Nonmarket Economy Methodology Would Lower Antidumping Duties for Some Chinese Companies, GAO-06-231 (Washington, D.C.: Jan. 10, 2006). The e-supplement contains a database of U.S. antidumping cases against China and selected other countries from January 1, 1980, through December 31, 2004. It also describes the scope and...
U.S.-China Trade: Challenges and Choices to Apply Countervailing Duties to China
GAO-06-608T: Published: Apr 4, 2006. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 2006.
Some U.S. companies allege that unfair subsidies are a factor in China's success in U.S. markets. U.S. producers injured by subsidized imports may normally seek countervailing duties (CVD), but the United States does not apply CVDs against countries, including China, that the Department of Commerce classifies as "non-market economies" (NME). In this testimony, which is based on a June 2005 report...
U.S.-China Trade: Eliminating Nonmarket Economy Methodology Would Lower Antidumping Duties for Some Chinese Companies
GAO-06-231: Published: Jan 10, 2006. Publicly Released: Jan 10, 2006.
U.S. companies adversely affected by unfair imports may seek a number of relief measures, including antidumping (AD) duties. The Department of Commerce (Commerce) classifies China as a nonmarket economy (NME) and uses a special methodology that is commonly believed to produce AD duty rates that are higher than those applied to market economies. Commerce may stop applying its NME methodology if it...
Foreign Assistance: USAID's Cash Transfer Program in Egypt Supports Economic Reform Activities, but Various Factors Have Limited Its Influence
GAO-05-731: Published: Jul 11, 2005. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 2005.
Since 1992, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has focused the Cash Transfer Program in Egypt on supporting economic reform activities to move Egypt toward a more liberal and market-oriented economy. USAID has provided funds to Egypt's government as it completed agreed-on economic reform activities. In fiscal year 2002, the Department of State and USAID conducted a review of U.S...
Rebuilding Iraq: Status of Funding and Reconstruction Efforts
GAO-05-876: Published: Jul 28, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2005.
Rebuilding Iraq is a U.S. national security and foreign policy priority and constitutes the largest U.S. assistance program since World War II. Billions of dollars in grants, loans, assets, and revenues from various sources have been made available or pledged to the reconstruction of Iraq. The United States, along with its coalition partners and various international organizations and donors, has...
U.S.-China Trade: Commerce Faces Practical and Legal Challenges in Applying Countervailing Duties
GAO-05-474: Published: Jun 17, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2005.
Some U.S. companies allege that unfair subsidies are a factor in Chinese success in U.S. markets. U.S. producers injured by subsidized imports may normally seek countervailing duties (CVD) to offset subsidies, but the United States does not apply CVDs against countries, including China, that the Department of Commerce classifies as "nonmarket economies" (NME). In this report, GAO (1) explains why...
International Trade: Treasury Assessments Have Not Found Currency Manipulation, but Concerns about Exchange Rates Continue
GAO-05-351: Published: Apr 19, 2005. Publicly Released: May 19, 2005.
The 1988 Trade Act requires the Department of the Treasury to annually assess whether countries manipulate their currencies for trade advantage and to report semiannually on specific aspects of exchange rate policy. Some observers have been concerned that China and Japan may have maintained undervalued currencies, with adverse U.S. impacts, which has brought increased attention to Treasury's asses...
U.S.-China Trade: Summary of 2003 World Trade Organization Transitional Review Mechanism for China
GAO-05-209R: Published: Jan 25, 2005. Publicly Released: Jan 25, 2005.
China's 2001 accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) raised expectations with Congress and the private sector about the prospects for China to reform its markets and allow greater access to foreign goods and services. As part of our long-term body of work related to China's membership in the WTO, we reported in October 2004 on how the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) and the Departments of...
Compact of Free Association: An Assessment of the Amended Compacts and Related Agreements
GAO-03-988T: Published: Jul 10, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 10, 2003.
In 1986, the United States entered into a Compact of Free Association with the Pacific Island nations of the Federated States of Micronesia, or FSM, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands, or RMI. The Compact provided about $2.1 billion in U.S. funds, supplied by the Department of the Interior, over 17 years (1987-2003) to the FSM and the RMI. These funds were intended to advance economic develo...