Developing countries (61 - 70 of 89 items)
Economic Assistance: Integration of Japanese Aid and Trade Policies
NSIAD-90-149: Published: May 24, 1990. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed Japanese foreign economic assistance and trade policies and determined the extent to which Japan integrated those policies.GAO found that: (1) Japan's economic assistance system has been more heavily influenced by commercial considerations than has the U.S system; (2) commercial considerations were a factor in Japan's focus on recipient countries'...
Using Local Currency Generated by U.S. Food Aid for Development Purposes
T-NSIAD-90-32: Published: Apr 18, 1990. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 1990.
GAO discussed issues related to local currencies generated from U.S. foreign assistance programs, focusing on: (1) whether recipient countries used local currencies to achieve development goals; (2) who owned the local currencies; and (3) how to improve local currency accountability. GAO noted that: (1) the Agency for International Development (AID) and the recipient countries viewed local currenc...
Status Report on GAO's Reviews on P.L. 480 Food Aid Programs
T-NSIAD-90-23: Published: Mar 21, 1990. Publicly Released: Mar 21, 1990.
GAO discussed U.S. food aid programs, focusing on: (1) the integration of agricultural export programs with food aid programs; (2) food aid program management; (3) the Agency for International Development's (AID) food aid management plan; (4) the role of U.S. private voluntary organizations (PVO) in U.S. food aid programs; and (5) the extent to which AID should maintain accountability over local c...
New Directions at the World Bank: An Interview With Barber B. Conable
140950: Jan 1, 1990
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 8, Winter/Spring 1990, presents an interview of the President of the World Bank Group, focusing on: (1) the Bank's progress in reducing poverty and promoting economic development; (2) growth of the Bank's lending programs; (3) developing countries' enormous international debt and other economic problems; (4) multilateral lending policies; and (5...
International Banking: Exposure to Less Developed Countries
NSIAD-90-34FS: Published: Oct 16, 1989. Publicly Released: Oct 16, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO presented historical data from the Bank for International Settlements' (BIS) quarterly and semiannual series on the debt that less-developed countries (LDC) and Baker 15 countries owed to the United States, Canada, United Kingdom (UK), West Germany, France, Italy, and Japan.GAO found that, according to the territorially based BIS quarterly series: (1) LDC d...
Export Credits: The Effectiveness of the 1987 Agreement to Control the Use of Tied Aid Credits Under the Arrangement on Guidelines for Officially Supported Export Credits
T-NSIAD-89-33: Published: May 16, 1989. Publicly Released: May 16, 1989.
GAO reviewed the 1987 agreement between industrialized countries to decrease the use of tied aid credits and increase the minimum grant element level to 35 percent by July 15, 1988. GAO found that preliminary information from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in December 1988 indicated that the grant element level for most concessionary financing offers since July 19...
Observations on the Less Developed Nation Debt Crisis
T-NSIAD-89-3: Published: Jan 4, 1989. Publicly Released: Jan 4, 1989.
GAO discussed U.S. banking system exposure to less developed countries' (LDC) debts. GAO noted that: (1) since 1982, when U.S. bank exposure to LDC loans totalled more than 200 percent of their capital, banks have curtailed new loans to LDC and increased their regulatory capital; (2) although banks increased reserves against potential losses on LDC loans through voluntary actions and regulatory re...
Caribbean Basin Initiative: Impact on Selected Countries
NSIAD-88-177: Published: Jul 12, 1988. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Caribbean Basin Initiative's (CBI) impact on selected countries, focusing on: (1) its contributions toward alleviating debt-servicing problems, creating lasting employment opportunities, and fostering broadly based economic growth; (2) executive branch or congressional actions which worked against CBI; and (3) the Agency for International Devel...
International Trade: Symposium on the Causes of the U.S. Trade Deficit
NSIAD-87-135S: Published: May 15, 1987. Publicly Released: May 15, 1987.
GAO provided a supplement to its report on the causes of the U.S. trade deficit and the extent that deficit reduction depends on the actions of other countries.GAO sponsored a symposium of international trade specialists that reviewed the causes, outlook, and possible cures of the U.S. trade deficit. There are several explanations for the increased trade deficit, specifically: (1) foreign restrict...
Legislative and Administrative Obstacles to Writedowns and Swapping of Less Developed Country Debt
T-NSIAD-87-29: Published: Apr 2, 1987. Publicly Released: Apr 2, 1987.
GAO discussed practices U.S. banks use to reduce their risk in lending to less-developed countries (LDC), focusing on legislative and administrative obstacles to: (1) writedowns, which involve the reduction of the book value of an asset to the level of its present or appraised value; and (2) swapping loans between banks to reduce their exposure in specific LDC. GAO noted that: (1) LDC debt to U.S...