International relations (11 - 20 of 246 items)
United Nations: Improved Reporting and Member States' Consensus Needed for Food and Agriculture Organization's Reform Plan
GAO-11-922: Published: Sep 28, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 2011.
The United States and other member states have long-standing concerns about the management and operations of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), a United Nations (UN) specialized agency charged with leading international efforts to defeat hunger. After an external evaluation found that FAO needed to reform, FAO adopted its reform plan, called the Immediate Plan of Action for FAO Renewal (...
Afghanistan Governance: Performance-Data Gaps Hinder Overall Assessment of U.S. Efforts to Build Financial Management Capacity
GAO-11-907: Published: Sep 20, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2011.
The United States has allocated over $72 billion to Afghanistan since 2002. With other international donors, it is focused on transitioning leadership to the Afghan government and has pledged to provide at least 50 percent of its development aid through the Afghan government budget. Improving Afghanistan's public financial management capacity is critical to this transition. In 2010, the Afghan gov...
Pakistan Assistance: Relatively Little of the $3 Billion in Requested Assistance Is Subject to State's Certification of Pakistan's Progress on Nonproliferation and Counterterrorism Issues
GAO-11-786R: Published: Jul 19, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 2011.
Pakistan is central to U.S. efforts to disrupt, dismantle, and defeat al Qaeda and deny its resurgence in the Afghanistan-Pakistan region. The United States has sought to secure these interests through counterterrorism and counterinsurgency cooperation, as well as through a long-term partnership anchored, in part, by increased civilian and military assistance. Since fiscal year 2002, the U.S. gove...
Interagency Collaboration: Implications of a Common Alignment of World Regions among Select Federal Agencies
GAO-11-776R: Published: Jul 11, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 11, 2011.
To carry out complex national security initiatives--such as combating illicit financing of terrorist activities, undertaking development projects in conflict zones, and countering piracy off the Horn of Africa--U.S. government agencies must coordinate with a large number of organizations in their planning efforts. Our prior work on the federal government's national security initiatives has determi...
Afghanistan: U.S. Efforts to Vet Non-U.S. Vendors Need Improvement
GAO-11-355: Published: Jun 8, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 2011.
The Departments of Defense (DOD) and State (State) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) have collectively obligated billions of dollars for contracts and assistance to support U.S. efforts in Afghanistan. There are concerns that U.S. funds are being diverted to fund insurgent and criminal activity in Afghanistan. In light of these concerns, under the authority of the...
Antidumping and Countervailing Duties: Options for Improving Collection
GAO-11-693T: Published: May 25, 2011. Publicly Released: May 25, 2011.
Since fiscal year 2001, the federal government has been unable to collect over $1 billion in antidumping (AD) and countervailing (CV) duties imposed to remedy injurious, unfair foreign trade practices. These include AD duties imposed on products exported to the United States at unfairly low prices (i.e., dumped) and CV duties on products exported to the United States that were subsidized by foreig...
International School Feeding: USDA's Oversight of the McGovern-Dole Food for Education Program Needs Improvement
GAO-11-544: Published: May 19, 2011. Publicly Released: May 19, 2011.
The McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program (MGD Program) provides donations of U.S. agricultural products and financial and technical assistance for school feeding programs in the developing world. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), with about $200 million in funding in fiscal year 2010, the MGD Program served about 5 million beneficiaries i...
Nuclear Nonproliferation: More Progress Needed in Implementing Recommendations for IAEA's Technical Cooperation Program
GAO-11-482T: Published: Mar 17, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 17, 2011.
A key mission of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is promoting the peaceful uses of nuclear energy through its Technical Cooperation (TC) program, which provides equipment, training, fellowships, and other services to its member states. The United States provides approximately 25 percent of the TC program's annual budget. While the vast majority of TC projects have not involved the tr...
Afghanistan Security: Afghan Army Growing, but Additional Trainers Needed; Long-term Costs Not Determined
GAO-11-66: Published: Jan 27, 2011. Publicly Released: Jan 27, 2011.
Developing capable Afghan National Army (ANA) forces is a key element of the U.S. and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)-led coalition effort to counter the insurgency and create sustainable security in Afghanistan. Since 2002, the United States, with assistance from NATO and other coalition nations, has worked to develop the ANA. The Department of Defense (DOD) leads U.S. efforts to train...
Nuclear Nonproliferation: Comprehensive U.S. Planning and Better Foreign Cooperation Needed to Secure Vulnerable Nuclear Materials Worldwide
GAO-11-227: Published: Dec 15, 2010. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 2010.
In April 2009, President Obama announced an international initiative to secure all vulnerable nuclear materials worldwide within 4 years. Nonproliferation programs administered by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) are working to secure nuclear materials in Russia and other countries. GAO assessed (1) U.S. governmentwide efforts to implement the President's 4-year nuclear material...