International organizations (71 - 80 of 168 items)
European Security: U.S. and European Contributions to Foster Stability and Security in Europe
GAO-02-174: Published: Nov 28, 2001. Publicly Released: Nov 28, 2001.
Since the end of the Cold War, the United States and its European allies are using smaller militaries, disbursing more development assistance, and increasing their reliance on multilateral organizations to provide for European security. Despite reductions in force levels and budgets, U.S. and European military forces have been actively engaged in peacekeeping and other security-enhancing activitie...
U.N. Peacekeeping: Executive Branch Consultations With Congress Did Not Fully Meet Expectations in 1999-2000
GAO-01-917: Published: Sep 10, 2001. Publicly Released: Oct 11, 2001.
Presidential Decision Directive 25 states that U.S. involvement in international peacekeeping operations must be selective and effective. Toward this end, the directive established guidance that U.S. officials must consider before deciding whether to support proposed operations, including whether the operations advanced U.S. interests, had realistic criteria for ending the operations, and had appr...
Global Health: Challenges in Improving Infectious Disease Surveillance Systems
GAO-01-722: Published: Aug 31, 2001. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2001.
According to the World Health Organization, infectious diseases account for more than 13 million deaths every year, including nearly two-thirds of all deaths among children under age 5. Infectious diseases present a substantial threat to people in all parts of the world, and this threat has grown in volume and complexity. New diseases have emerged, others once viewed as declining in significance h...
Foreign Affairs: Internally Displaced Persons Lack Effective Protection
GAO-01-803: Published: Aug 17, 2001. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 2001.
Internally displaced persons--those forced to flee their homes because of armed conflict and persecution but who remain within their own country--are among the most at-risk, vulnerable populations in the world. Although some protections have been provided to internally displaced persons, international organizations have been unable to fully meet their needs in most locations, partly because of the...
NATO: U.S. Assistance to the Partnership for Peace
GAO-01-734: Published: Jul 20, 2001. Publicly Released: Jul 20, 2001.
After the collapse of the former Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact in 1991, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) allies and the United States sought new ways to cooperate with the political and military leadership of their former adversaries. In January 1994, NATO established the Partnership for Peace to increase defense cooperation with former Warsaw Pact members and other former communist st...
Global Health: Joint U.N. Programme on HIV/AIDS Needs to Strengthen Country-Level Efforts and Measure Results
GAO-01-625: Published: May 25, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 2001.
Despite efforts by the international community to reduce the spread of the human immunodeficiency virus, AIDS is now the fourth leading cause of death in the world and the primary cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa. The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), funded in part by the United States, is one important international effort against the disease. UNAIDS was established by the...
Foreign Assistance: International Efforts to Aid Russia's Transition Have Had Mixed Results
GAO-01-8: Published: Nov 1, 2000. Publicly Released: Nov 1, 2000.
Since the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, organizations and donors have provided Russia with tens of billions of dollars in economic assistance to helping it transition to a market economy within a democratic state. This transition presents opportunities and challenges to the Russians and to those providing economic assistance. This report focuses on the assistance given to Russia by the Inte...
Global Health: Framework for Infectious Disease Surveillance
NSIAD-00-205R: Published: Jul 20, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 24, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the global infectious disease surveillance framework, (with particular emphasis on its operations in developing countries), focusing on: (1) functions involved in infectious disease surveillance and response framework.GAO noted that: (1) primary functions in infectious disease surveillance include detecting and reporting cases of disease in target...
Bosnia: Crime and Corruption Threaten Successful Implementation of the Dayton Peace Agreement
T-NSIAD-00-219: Published: Jul 19, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the impact of crime and corruption on the implementation of the Dayton Peace Agreement, focusing on: (1) how organized crime and public sector corruption have affected implementation of the agreement in Bosnia; (2) what the international community has done to improve Bosnia's law enforcement and judicial system and reduce corruption; and (3) how i...
Bosnia Peace Operation: Crime and Corruption Threaten Successful Implementation of the Dayton Peace Agreement
NSIAD-00-156: Published: Jul 7, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the impact of organized crime and public sector corruption on the efforts of the international community to rebuild Bosnia and meet the benchmarks for the withdrawal of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) forces, focusing on: (1) how organized crime and public sector corruption might affect the successful implementation of the General Framewo...