International organizations (51 - 60 of 168 items)
Darfur Crisis: Progress in Aid and Peace Monitoring Threatened by Ongoing Violence and Operational Challenges
GAO-07-9: Published: Nov 9, 2006. Publicly Released: Dec 11, 2006.
In 2003, violent conflict in Darfur, Sudan broke out between rebel groups, government troops, and government-supported Arab militias, known as the Janjaweed. The conflict has displaced about 2 million Darfurians and has so affected over 1.9 million others that they require assistance. Since October 2003, the U.S. government has provided humanitarian assistance in Darfur and supported African Union...
Conflict Diamonds: Agency Actions Needed to Enhance Implementation of the Clean Diamond Trade Act
GAO-06-978: Published: Sep 27, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 2006.
In 2003, the United States and other countries began implementing the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) to curtail the trade of rough diamonds that had fueled severe conflicts in Africa, known as conflict diamonds. CDTA provides the statutory framework for U.S. implementation of the KPCS. As mandated in CDTA, this report (1) describes the institutional framework established to implemen...
Rebuilding Iraq: Stabilization, Reconstruction, and Financing Challenges
GAO-06-428T: Published: Feb 8, 2006. Publicly Released: Feb 8, 2006.
The United States, along with coalition partners and various international organizations, has undertaken a challenging and costly effort to stabilize and rebuild Iraq following multiple wars and decades of neglect by the former regime. This enormous effort is taking place in an unstable security environment, concurrent with Iraqi efforts to transition to its first permanent government. The United...
Rebuilding Iraq: Enhancing Security, Measuring Program Results, and Maintaining Infrastructure Are Necessary to Make Significant and Sustainable Progress
GAO-06-179T: Published: Oct 18, 2005. Publicly Released: Oct 18, 2005.
The United States, along with coalition partners and various international organizations, has undertaken a challenging and costly effort to stabilize and rebuild Iraq following multiple wars and decades of neglect by the former regime. This enormous effort is taking place in an unstable security environment, concurrent with Iraqi efforts to complete a constitutional framework for establishing a pe...
U.S.-China Trade: The United States Has Not Restricted Imports under the China Safeguard
GAO-05-1056: Published: Sep 29, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2005.
In joining the World Trade Organization (WTO) in December 2001, China agreed to a number of mechanisms to allow other WTO members to address disruptive import surges from that country. Among these was a transitional product-specific safeguard. In general, safeguards are temporary import restrictions of limited duration that provide an opportunity for domestic industries to adjust to increasing imp...
Free Trade Area of the Americas: Missed Deadline Prompts Efforts to Restart Stalled Hemispheric Trade Negotiations
GAO-05-166: Published: Mar 18, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 2005.
If completed, the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) agreement would encompass an area of 800 million people and about $13 trillion in production of goods and services, making it the most significant regional trade initiative presently being pursued by the United States. The 34 democratic nations of the Western Hemisphere formally launched negotiations towards a FTAA in 1998, and set a January...
United Nations: Oil for Food Program Audits
GAO-05-346T: Published: Feb 15, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 15, 2005.
The Oil for Food program was established by the United Nations and Iraq in 1996 to address concerns about the humanitarian situation after international sanctions were imposed in 1990. The program allowed the Iraqi government to use the proceeds of its oil sales to pay for food, medicine, and infrastructure maintenance. Allegations of fraud and corruption have plagued the Oil for Food program. As...
United Nations: Observations on the Oil for Food Program and Areas for Further Investigation
GAO-04-953T: Published: Jul 8, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2004.
The Oil for Food program was established by the United Nations and Iraq in 1996 to address concerns about the humanitarian situation after international sanctions were imposed in 1990. The program allowed the Iraqi government to use the proceeds of its oil sales to pay for food, medicine, and infrastructure maintenance. The program appears to have helped the Iraqi people. From 1996 through 2001, t...
Rebuilding Iraq: Resource, Security, Governance, Essential Services, and Oversight Issues
GAO-04-902R: Published: Jun 28, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2004.
Rebuilding Iraq is a U.S. national security and foreign policy priority. According to the President, the United States intends to help Iraq achieve democracy and freedom and has a vital national interest in the success of free institutions in Iraq. As of April 30, 2004, billions of dollars in grants, loans, assets, and revenues from various sources have been made available or pledged to the recons...
Peace Corps: Observations on Volunteer Safety and Security
GAO-04-903T: Published: Jun 22, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 22, 2004.
About 7,500 Peace Corps volunteers currently serve in 70 countries. The administration intends to increase this number to about 14,000. Volunteers often live in areas with limited access to reliable communications, police, or medical services. As Americans, they may be viewed as relatively wealthy and, hence, good targets for crime. In this testimony, GAO summarizes findings from its 2002 report P...