International economic relations (41 - 50 of 66 items)
Former Soviet Union: Assistance by the United States and Other Donors
NSIAD-93-101: Published: Dec 30, 1992. Publicly Released: Dec 30, 1992.
GAO reviewed U.S. assistance to Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, focusing on the: (1) extent and nature of assistance provided; and (2) level of coordination among donors.GAO found that: (1) donor countries have pledged $90 billion in aid to the former Soviet republics; (2) less than half of the amount pledged will have been disbursed by the end of 1992; (3) the United State...
International Trade: Implementation of the U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement
GGD-93-21: Published: Oct 27, 1992. Publicly Released: Dec 22, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the implementation of the United States-Canada Free Trade Agreement (FTA), focusing on: (1) what U.S. and Canadian agencies have done to implement the agreement; (2) the agreement's effect on U.S.-Canada trade; (3) U.S. businesses' view of the agreement's rules of origin and related requirements; (4) how federal agencies coordinated trade activitie...
Foreign Assistance: AID's Private-Sector Assistance Program at a Crossroads
NSIAD-93-55: Published: Dec 11, 1992. Publicly Released: Dec 11, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Agency for International Development's (AID) efforts to assist private-sector growth in developing countries, focusing on: (1) the extent of the AID commitment to private-sector development; (2) the results, sustainability, and impact of AID private-sector assistance on the poor; and (3) the orientation of AID assistance for the future.GAO foun...
U.S.-Mexico Trade: Assessment of Mexico's Environmental Controls for New Companies
GGD-92-113: Published: Aug 3, 1992. Publicly Released: Aug 11, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed Mexico's environmental controls on new U.S. majority-owned companies under the Mexican maquiladora program, focusing on: (1) whether six U.S. maquiladora companies established between May 1990 and July 1991 followed Mexican regulations and procedures before beginning operations; (2) providing information on needed improvements in environmental cont...
Poland and Hungary: Economic Transition and U.S. Assistance
NSIAD-92-102: Published: May 1, 1992. Publicly Released: May 1, 1992.
GAO reviewed: (1) economic conditions in Poland and Hungary; and (2) the effectiveness of U.S. assistance to those countries.GAO found that in response to the rapidly changing political and economic conditions in Poland and Hungary, the United States has developed a short-term, experimental economic assistance approach based on assumptions that: (1) assistance would be required for only a 5-year t...
Economic Sanctions: Effectiveness as Tools of Foreign Policy
NSIAD-92-106: Published: Feb 19, 1992. Publicly Released: Mar 23, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed economic sanctions, focusing on the: (1) political goals economic sanctions can and cannot achieve; (2) socioeconomic, political, and psychological effects of sanctions; and (3) circumstances in which sanctions are likely to succeed or fail.GAO found that: (1) since sanctions are imposed to serve multiple goals, their effectiveness should not be me...
A Historic Transition
147982: Jan 1, 1992
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 16, Fall/Winter 1992, reviews the: (1) rapidly evolving military, security, and economic situation in what was once the Soviet Union; and (2) areas in which U.S. cooperation with former Soviet states can yield great benefits to both sides, including arms and technology control, multilateral institutions, and economic and scientific cooperation....
What Eastern Europe Needs Now
147983: Jan 1, 1992
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 16, Fall/Winter 1992, discusses reasons and ways for the United States to help Eastern European countries in their transition from communist to democratic governments, including: (1) providing better market access to improve trade competitiveness; (2) providing financial assistance to lessen transition pains until foreign investment picks up; (3...
Developing Country Debt: Debt Swaps for Development and Nature Provide Little Debt Relief
NSIAD-92-14: Published: Dec 9, 1991. Publicly Released: Dec 9, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined issues concerning debt swaps for development and nature, focusing on: (1) the number of developing countries that have participated in debt swaps, the extent to which debt swaps have reduced total external debt, and the number of programs that have been undertaken; (2) the advantages and disadvantages of debt swaps and the U.S. Agency for Internati...
East European Energy: U.S. Business Opportunities in and Assistance to Poland's Energy Sector
NSIAD-91-206: Published: May 16, 1991. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1991.
GAO provided information on the: (1) steps being taken to address Poland's energy needs and the resulting potential trade and investment opportunities for U.S. firms; (2) impediments to realizing possible U.S. trade and investment opportunities; and (3) current status of U.S. programs to support Poland's energy sector.GAO found that: (1) due to a recession and an economic restructuring, Poland est...