International agreements (31 - 40 of 95 items)
Compacts of Free Association: Implementation of New Funding and Accountability Requirements Is Well Under Way, but Planning Challenges Remain
GAO-05-633: Published: Jul 11, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 11, 2005.
From 1987 to 2003, the United States provided economic aid to the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) and the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) through a Compact of Free Association. A previous GAO report found little accountability for the assistance provided by the U.S. Department of the Interior under this compact. In 2004, amended compacts with the FSM and RMI went into effect and will p...
Free Trade Area of the Americas: Missed Deadline Prompts Efforts to Restart Stalled Hemispheric Trade Negotiations
GAO-05-166: Published: Mar 18, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 18, 2005.
If completed, the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) agreement would encompass an area of 800 million people and about $13 trillion in production of goods and services, making it the most significant regional trade initiative presently being pursued by the United States. The 34 democratic nations of the Western Hemisphere formally launched negotiations towards a FTAA in 1998, and set a January...
Nonproliferation: Delays in Implementing the Chemical Weapons Convention Raise Concerns About Proliferation
GAO-04-361: Published: Mar 31, 2004. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2004.
The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) bans chemical weapons and requires their destruction by 2007, with possible extensions to 2012. The CWC also seeks to reduce the proliferation of these weapons by requiring member states to adopt comprehensive national laws to criminalize CWC-prohibited activities. The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) monitors the destruction of chem...
U.N. Peacekeeping: Transition Strategies for Post-Conflict Countries Lack Results-Oriented Measures of Progress
GAO-03-1071: Published: Sep 26, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2003.
The United Nations responded to the failure of some past peacekeeping operations by developing a strategy to help peacekeeping operations move a country from conflict to sustainable peace. It has attempted to apply this strategy to the large and costly peacekeeping operations in Sierra Leone, East Timor, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo since 2001. As a contributor of over 25 percent of th...
Free Trade Area of the Americas: Negotiations Progress, but Successful Ministerial Hinges on Intensified U.S. Preparations
GAO-03-560: Published: Apr 11, 2003. Publicly Released: May 8, 2003.
Establishing a 34-nation Free Trade Area of the Americas agreement has been under negotiation since 1998. This agreement would eliminate tariffs and create common trade and investment rules for these nations. Most recently, the United States, along with Brazil, assumed the leadership of the negotiations. GAO was asked to analyze (1) the challenges for the current negotiating phase, which will incl...
International Environment: U.S. Actions to Fulfill Commitments Under Five Key Agreements
GAO-02-960T: Published: Jul 24, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 24, 2002.
The United States is bound by five international environmental agreements related to climate change (Framework Convention), desertification (Desertification Convention), the earth's ozone layer (Montreal Protocol), endangered species (CITES), and North American environmental cooperation (North American Agreement). However, the United States fell short of meeting a commitment or pledge in two areas...
NATO: U.S. Assistance to the Partnership for Peace
GAO-01-734: Published: Jul 20, 2001. Publicly Released: Jul 20, 2001.
After the collapse of the former Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact in 1991, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) allies and the United States sought new ways to cooperate with the political and military leadership of their former adversaries. In January 1994, NATO established the Partnership for Peace to increase defense cooperation with former Warsaw Pact members and other former communist st...
Foreign Affairs: Status of U.S. Parental Child Abductions to Germany, Sweden, and Austria
NSIAD-00-226BR: Published: Sep 8, 2000. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed international parental child abduction issues, focusing on German, Swedish, and Austrian handling of U.S. cases.GAO noted that: (1) from January 1995 through May 15, 2000, left-behind parents in the United States initiated 298 cases under the Hague Convention indicating that the child had been taken to, or retained in Germany, Sweden, and Austria b...
Bosnia: Crime and Corruption Threaten Successful Implementation of the Dayton Peace Agreement
T-NSIAD-00-219: Published: Jul 19, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the impact of crime and corruption on the implementation of the Dayton Peace Agreement, focusing on: (1) how organized crime and public sector corruption have affected implementation of the agreement in Bosnia; (2) what the international community has done to improve Bosnia's law enforcement and judicial system and reduce corruption; and (3) how i...
Bosnia Peace Operation: Crime and Corruption Threaten Successful Implementation of the Dayton Peace Agreement
NSIAD-00-156: Published: Jul 7, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the impact of organized crime and public sector corruption on the efforts of the international community to rebuild Bosnia and meet the benchmarks for the withdrawal of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) forces, focusing on: (1) how organized crime and public sector corruption might affect the successful implementation of the General Framewo...