International organizations (81 - 90 of 155 items)
United Nations: Observations on the Management and Oversight of the Oil for Food Program
GAO-04-730T: Published: Apr 28, 2004. Publicly Released: Apr 28, 2004.
The Oil for Food program was established by the United Nations and Iraq in 1996 to address concerns about the humanitarian situation after international sanctions were imposed in 1990. The program allowed the Iraqi government to use the proceeds of its oil sales to pay for food, medicine, and infrastructure maintenance. The program appears to have helped the Iraqi people. From 1996 through 2001, t...
Foreign Assistance: U.S. Funding for Democracy-Related Programs (China)
GAO-04-445R: Published: Feb 27, 2004. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 2004.
In fiscal year 1999, Congress began authorizing the provision of U.S. foreign assistance funds to support programs aimed at strengthening democracy in China, and, in fiscal year 2002, it began appropriating specific amounts for such programs. However, the provision of foreign assistance funds to programs focusing on China continues to be controversial due to concern about some of the Chinese gover...
U.N. Peacekeeping: Transition Strategies for Post-Conflict Countries Lack Results-Oriented Measures of Progress
GAO-03-1071: Published: Sep 26, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2003.
The United Nations responded to the failure of some past peacekeeping operations by developing a strategy to help peacekeeping operations move a country from conflict to sustainable peace. It has attempted to apply this strategy to the large and costly peacekeeping operations in Sierra Leone, East Timor, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo since 2001. As a contributor of over 25 percent of th...
GAO-03-792R: Published: May 15, 2003. Publicly Released: May 15, 2003.
Rebuilding Iraq is a U.S. national security priority. As part of this effort, Congress appropriated $79 billon in emergency supplemental funds for fiscal year 2003 for military operations and Iraq's reconstruction, including humanitarian relief, peacekeeping, and economic and political reform. We have issued reports on similar programs to rebuild countries in the former Yugoslavia, the former Sovi...
World Trade Organization: First-Year U.S. Efforts to Monitor China's Compliance
GAO-03-461: Published: Mar 31, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2003.
China's December 2001 membership in the World Trade Organization created substantial opportunities for U.S. companies seeking to expand into China's vast market, and for significant reforms within China at all levels of government. However, the benefits of China's membership in the World Trade Organization are contingent on China's successful implementation of its commitments. In recognizing this...
NATO Enlargement: Report Is Responsive to Senate Requirements, but Additional Information Could Be Useful
GAO-03-255: Published: Nov 15, 2002. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2002.
On November 21 and 22, 2002, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) will consider the admission of new members to the alliance. To facilitate congressional deliberations on NATO enlargement, the United States Senate mandated in 1998 that GAO review and assess a report that Congress directed the President to provide on countries seeking membership in NATO. The President submitted a classifie...
International Trade: Critical Issues Remain in Deterring Conflict Diamond Trade
GAO-02-678: Published: Jun 14, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 2002.
The United Nations (U.N.) General Assembly defines conflict diamonds as rough diamonds used by rebel movements to finance their military activities, including attempts to undermine or overthrow legitimate governments. The United States and much of the international community are trying to sever the link between conflict and diamonds while ensuring that no harm is done to the legitimate diamond ind...
World Trade Organization: Observations on China's Rule of Law Reforms
GAO-02-812T: Published: Jun 6, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 2002.
This testimony describes China's development of rule of law practices related to the commitments China made to the World Trade Organization (WTO), which it joined in November 2001. When China joined the WTO, it agreed that its legal measures would be consistent with its WTO obligations. GAO found 60 commitments that specifically obligate China to enact, repeal, or modify trade-related laws or regu...
Foreign Relations: Kwajalein Atoll Is the Key U.S. Defense Interest in Two Micronesian Nations
GAO-02-119: Published: Jan 22, 2002. Publicly Released: Jan 22, 2002.
The Compact of Free Association continues a defense arrangement that has existed between the United States and two Pacific island nations--Micronesia and the Marshall Islands--since the end of World War II. The United States has exercised only one of the four primary defense provisions contained in the Compact. That provision grants the United States the right to use part of the Kwajalein Atoll in...
Foreign Assistance: Lessons Learned From Donors' Experiences in the Pacific Region
GAO-01-808: Published: Aug 17, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2001.
Australia, Japan, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States have been the major providers of bilateral development assistance to the Pacific Island nations since 1987. The Asian Development Bank and the European Union have been the major multilateral donors. The donors' main development objectives, according to the planning documents, have been to alleviate poverty and to set the Paci...