Developing countries (51 - 60 of 68 items)
Use of a Capital Saving Technology Approach in AID's Development Assistance Program
NSIAD-84-142: Published: Jul 26, 1984. Publicly Released: Jul 26, 1984.
GAO reviewed the Agency for International Development's (AID) capital saving technology (CST) activities.Recognizing a need for more labor intensive, capital saving tools and methods in developing countries, Congress enacted legislation which authorized AID to support greater CST efforts. AID created Appropriate Technology International (ATI) as a private, nonprofit organization to carry out CST a...
Irrigation Assistance to Developing Countries Should Require Stronger Commitments to Operation and Maintenance
NSIAD-83-31: Published: Aug 29, 1983. Publicly Released: Aug 29, 1983.
GAO reviewed the operation and maintenance (O&M) of U.S.-financed irrigation systems in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand to determine how the Agency for International Development (AID) can: (1) improve operation and maintenance practices of developing countries and extend the economic life of the irrigation systems; and (2) design irrigation systems that adequately consider O&M requirements.GAO...
Egypt's Capacity To Absorb and Use Economic Assistance Effectively
ID-77-33: Published: Sep 15, 1977. Publicly Released: Dec 3, 1982.
U.S. assistance to Egypt has become a political symbol of evenhanded support among the Middle East adversaries. The economic impact of U.S. assistance depends on Egypt's development of economic reforms.The U.S. programs provide long term benefits through development projects. Short term balance-of-payment relief is provided through the Commodity Import Program and food aid. The most serious impedi...
Inter-American Foundation: Alternative to Traditional Foreign Assistance
ID-82-16: Published: Jul 13, 1982. Publicly Released: Jul 13, 1982.
In 1969, Congress created the Inter-American Foundation (IAF) as an experimental program to provide new direction and emphasis for U.S. aid to Latin America. IAF assistance is characterized by: (1) independence from U.S. and host governments' short-term foreign policy objectives; (2) responsiveness to the initiatives of Latin Americans; and (3) nonintervention in the affairs of groups supported. I...
Changes Needed To Forge an Effective Relationship Between AID and Voluntary Agencies
ID-82-25: Published: May 27, 1982. Publicly Released: May 27, 1982.
Congress has repeatedly expressed concern over the Agency for International Development's (AID) implementation of congressional policy to expand cooperation with Private and Voluntary Organizations (PVO). GAO undertook a review of the role of PVO in the development of international assistance programs, focusing on: (1) the function and effectiveness of PVO; (2) what the proper structure of the rel...
AID Must Consider Social Factors in Establishing Cooperatives in Developing Countries
ID-80-39: Published: Jul 16, 1980. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 1980.
Cooperatives are seen as one way to improve the effectiveness of U.S. foreign assistance in developing countries by enabling the urban and rural poor to help themselves. The efforts by the Agency for International Development (AID) to foster cooperatives have not been uniformly successful. The primary reason is that AID has not adequately considered the complex political, cultural, and economic fa...
AID Slow in Dealing With Project Planning and Implementation Problems
ID-80-33: Published: Jul 15, 1980. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 1980.
The Agency for International Development (AID) finances hundreds of millions of dollars annually in the procurement of commodities for foreign aid projects for developing countries.Problems in planning procurements and monitoring project implementation still exist. Despite recommendations by GAO and others, including AID management teams, to improve project monitoring effectiveness: (1) project mi...
U.S. Efforts To Educate and Train the Poor in Developing Countries
ID-80-18: Published: May 5, 1980. Publicly Released: May 5, 1980.
Since 1960, the United States, through the Agency for International Development (AID) has programmed over $3 billion to improve education and human resources in developing countries. Over the past decade Congress has been concerned about the extent to which U.S. assistance reaches the poor in developing countries. Despite a strategy developed in 1973 requiring that U.S. assistance meet the basic h...
Coordinating U.S. Development Assistance: Problems Facing the International Development Cooperation Agency
ID-80-13: Published: Feb 1, 1980. Publicly Released: Feb 1, 1980.
Substantial changes have occurred in the activities and programs affecting development in Third World countries in the last decade. These changes and the increasing role of non-aid agencies in development activities have caused authority for development programs to be widely dispersed among Federal Government agencies and committees. The International Development Cooperation Agency (IDCA) was crea...
Changes Needed in the Administration of the Overseas Food Donation Program
ID-79-25: Published: Oct 15, 1979. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 1979.
A report assessed the performance of the U.S. food donation program abroad in terms of the congressional objectives of assisting needier countries and people and contributing to the development process. The program began under Title II of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954. The "New Directions" foreign assistance legislation of 1973 mandates that U.S. aid be used for pro...