Developing countries (21 - 30 of 68 items)
Food Aid: Experience of U.S. Programs Suggests Opportunities for Improvement
GAO-02-801T: Published: Jun 4, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 2002.
The United States spent $50 billion (2002 dollars) on food aid between 1979 and 2003. Notwithstanding these sizable donations and donations by other countries, the need for food aid in the developing world far exceeds available supply. U.S. food aid is provided through six programs administered by the Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). These progra...
Foreign Assistance: Global Food for Education Initiative Faces Challenges for Successful Implementation
GAO-02-328: Published: Feb 28, 2002. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2002.
At the Group of Eight industrialized countries' summit in July 2000, President Clinton proposed a Global Food for Education Initiative (GFEI) whereby developed countries would provide school breakfasts or lunches to needy children in poor countries. The aim of the initiative is to use school meals to attract children to school, keep them attending once they enroll, and improve learning. The presid...
Global Health: The U.S. and U.N. Response to the AIDS Crisis in Africa
T-NSIAD-00-99: Published: Feb 24, 2000. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed its recent reports concerning the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa, focusing on: (1) the social and economic implications of AIDS in Africa; and (2) efforts to combat the disease by the United States and the United Nations.GAO noted that: (1) despite some breakthroughs in tre...
Foreign Assistance: USAID Faces Challenges Implementing Regional Program in Southern Africa
NSIAD-99-237: Published: Sep 30, 1999. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Agency for International Development's (AID) Initiative for Southern Africa program, focusing on the: (1) specific activities AID's Regional Center for Southern Africa conducted to implement the Initiative; (2) extent to which this regional program complements AID's bilateral programs in the region; and (3) challenges the Regiona...
Foreign Assistance: Rule of Law Funding Worldwide for Fiscal Years 1993-1998
NSIAD-99-158: Published: Jun 30, 1999. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on U.S. rule of law assistance programs and activities, focusing on the: (1) amount of U.S. rule of law funding provided worldwide in fiscal years 1993-1998; and (2) U.S. Departments and agencies involved in providing rule of law assistance.GAO noted that: (1) based on the funding data cognizant Departments and agencies made available,...
International Environment: Information on Global Environment Facility's Funding and Projects
RCED-99-149: Published: Jun 15, 1999. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Global Environment Facility's funding and activities, focusing on: (1) the amount and the sources of its funding commitments for fiscal years (FY) 1995 through 1998; (2) how it selected projects for funding; (3) how it allocated funds among major priorities and how funds for climate-change projects were allocated by purpose and c...
Developing Countries: Status of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Debt Relief Initiative
NSIAD-98-229: Published: Sep 30, 1998. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the: (1) implementation of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Debt Initiative; and (2) initiative's potential to achieve its stated goal of bringing poor countries' debts to sustainable levels.GAO noted that: (1) the HIPC initiative will help reduce participating poor countries' debt burdens, in some cases, substantially; however, many will...
International Affairs Budget: Framework for Assessing Relevance, Priority, and Efficiency
T-NSIAD-98-18: Published: Oct 30, 1997. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the programs and activities funded by the international affairs budget, the function 150 account of the federal budget, focusing on the issues that should be raised in assessing the current programs and activities on the books that support U.S. foreign policy and economic objectives.GAO noted that: (1) funding in the 150 account, which totalled $1...
International Environment: Operations of the Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund
T-RCED-97-218: Published: Jul 30, 1997. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 1997.
GAO discussed its work on the Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund, focusing on: (1) principal contributors to the Fund; (2) principal recipients of disbursements made from the Fund; (3) the purposes for which disbursements were made; (4) what has been accomplished with these disbursements; and (5) the controls and accountability mechanisms in place to ensure proper use of money disbursed from the...
International Relations: Food Security in Africa
T-NSIAD-96-217: Published: Jul 31, 1996. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 1996.
GAO discussed the food security in Africa. GAO noted that: (1) 88 countries are classified as low-income and food-deficit states and 20 percent of the developing world's population is chronically undernourished; (2) by the year 2010, 700 million to 800 million people worldwide could be chronically undernourished unless food security is improved; (3) poverty, weather, civil strife and war, populati...