Foreign aid programs (101 - 110 of 284 items)
Foreign Assistance: Observations on USAID's Commodity Import Program in Egypt
GAO-04-846T: Published: Jun 17, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2004.
The Commodity Import Program (CIP), managed by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), is intended to foster a competitive private sector in Egypt, in addition to assisting U.S. exporters. The program also supports the government of Egypt and USAID activities and expenses in Egypt. Since 1992, Congress has appropriated at least $200 million per year for the CIP. In 1998, the United...
United Nations: Observations on the Oil for Food Program and Iraq's Food Security
GAO-04-880T: Published: Jun 16, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2004.
The Oil for Food program was established by the United Nations and Iraq in 1996 to address concerns about the humanitarian situation after international sanctions were imposed in 1990. The program allowed the Iraqi government to use the proceeds of its oil sales to pay for food, medicine, and infrastructure maintenance. The program appears to have helped the Iraqi people. From 1996 through 2001, t...
Foreign Assistance: U.S. Anticorruption Programs in Sub-Saharan Africa Will Require Time and Commitment
GAO-04-506: Published: Apr 26, 2004. Publicly Released: May 17, 2004.
In October 2000, Congress passed the International Anticorruption and Good Governance Act (P.L. 106-309). The purpose of this legislation is to promote good governance by helping other countries combat corruption and improve government transparency and accountability. U.S. agencies spent about $33 million per year in fiscal years 2001-2002 providing anticorruption assistance to 22 sub-Saharan Afri...
Foreign Assistance: U.S. Funding for Democracy-Related Programs (China)
GAO-04-445R: Published: Feb 27, 2004. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 2004.
In fiscal year 1999, Congress began authorizing the provision of U.S. foreign assistance funds to support programs aimed at strengthening democracy in China, and, in fiscal year 2002, it began appropriating specific amounts for such programs. However, the provision of foreign assistance funds to programs focusing on China continues to be controversial due to concern about some of the Chinese gover...
Foreign Assistance: USAID and the Department of State Are Beginning to Implement Prohibition on Taxation of Aid
GAO-04-314R: Published: Feb 20, 2004. Publicly Released: Feb 20, 2004.
In 2002, Congress learned that the Palestinian Authority had collected $6.8 million in taxes on U.S. humanitarian assistance meant for the people of the West Bank and Gaza and subsequently learned that some other foreign governments were also taxing U.S. assistance. U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) officials estimate that at least several million dollars in taxes are collected ann...
Department of State (State) and United Nations relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) Actions to Implement Section 301(c) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961
GAO-04-276R: Published: Nov 17, 2003. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2003.
Established in 1949 by the United Nations, UNRWA provides assistance to Palestinian refugees in the Middle East. UNRWA assistance is primarily education, health, and relief and social services. More than 4 million Palestinian refugees are eligible to receive these services in UNRWA's five areas of operation--Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, the West Bank, and Gaza. In section 301(c) of the 1961 Foreign Ass...
Foreign Assistance: Sustained Efforts Needed to Help Southern Africa Recover from Food Crisis
GAO-03-644: Published: Jun 25, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2003.
The southern Africa food crisis threatened 15.3 million people in six countries (Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe) with famine. GAO was asked to look at (1) factors that contributed to the crisis, (2) how well the populations' needs were met, (3) obstacles to the food aid effort, and (4) challenges to emerging from crisis.Multiple factors contributed to the food crisis...
Foreign Assistance: U.S. Democracy Programs in Six Latin American Countries Have Yielded Modest Results
GAO-03-358: Published: Mar 18, 2003. Publicly Released: Apr 28, 2003.
Supporting democracy abroad is a major U.S. foreign policy objective. To better understand how this assistance has been implemented in Latin America, GAO was asked to review programs in six countries--Bolivia, Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Peru--that have been of particular importance to U.S. interests in Central and South America. Between fiscal years 1992 and 2002, U.S. agenci...
Foreign Assistance: Disaster Recovery Program Addressed Intended Purposes, but USAID Needs Greater Flexibility to Improve Its Response Capability
GAO-02-787: Published: Jul 24, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 24, 2002.
In the fall of 1998, when hurricanes Mitch and Georges struck Central America and the Caribbean, the United States and other donors responded by providing emergency relief, such as food, water, medical supplies, and temporary shelter. Also, In May 1999, Congress passed emergency supplemental legislation that provided $621 million for a disaster recovery and reconstruction fund for the affected cou...
Food Aid: Experience of U.S. Programs Suggests Opportunities for Improvement
GAO-02-801T: Published: Jun 4, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 2002.
The United States spent $50 billion (2002 dollars) on food aid between 1979 and 2003. Notwithstanding these sizable donations and donations by other countries, the need for food aid in the developing world far exceeds available supply. U.S. food aid is provided through six programs administered by the Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). These progra...