International organizations (51 - 60 of 91 items)
GAO-03-792R: Published: May 15, 2003. Publicly Released: May 15, 2003.
Rebuilding Iraq is a U.S. national security priority. As part of this effort, Congress appropriated $79 billon in emergency supplemental funds for fiscal year 2003 for military operations and Iraq's reconstruction, including humanitarian relief, peacekeeping, and economic and political reform. We have issued reports on similar programs to rebuild countries in the former Yugoslavia, the former Sovi...
Central and Southwest Asian Countries: Trends in U.S. Assistance and Key Economic, Governance, and Demographic Characteristics
GAO-03-634R: Published: May 9, 2003. Publicly Released: May 9, 2003.
Following the terrorist attacks of September 2001, prosecuting the global war on terrorism became the United States' primary foreign policy priority. The United States focused its initial efforts on Afghanistan in Operation Enduring Freedom because the country harbored elements of Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups. As a result, countries in the region--Pakistan and the five Central Asian republi...
Benefits and Costs of the Debt Relief Enhancement Act of 2002
GAO-03-215R: Published: Oct 11, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 11, 2002.
Despite years of effort to provide debt relief to the world's poorest countries, these countries' debt problems still have not been resolved. In response to this situation, Congress introduced Senate Bill 2210, the Debt Relief Enhancement Act of 2002, to reduce these countries' debt service payments to manageable levels. The act proposes that no qualified country pay more than 10 percent of its re...
Peace Corps: Initiatives for Addressing Safety and Security Challenges Hold Promise, but Progress Should Be Assessed
GAO-02-818: Published: Jul 25, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 25, 2002.
About 7,000 Peace Corps volunteers now serve in 70 countries, often living in areas with limited access to reliable communications, police, or medical services. Moreover, as Americans, they may be viewed as relatively wealthy and hence good targets for criminal activity. The Peace Corps has reported rising numbers of assaults against its volunteers since it began collecting data in 1990. However,...
U.N. Peacekeeping: United Nations Faces Challenges in Responding to the Impact of HIV/AIDS on Peacekeeping Operations
GAO-02-194: Published: Dec 12, 2001. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 2001.
Last year, the U.N. Security Council passed a resolution expressing concern that the conflicts and instability associated with peacekeeping operations produce condition that could increase the spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The resolution encouraged member states to educate peacekeeping personnel--including those who are HIV positive--on peacekeeping missions. The policies and g...
Foreign Affairs: Internally Displaced Persons Lack Effective Protection
GAO-01-803: Published: Aug 17, 2001. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 2001.
Internally displaced persons--those forced to flee their homes because of armed conflict and persecution but who remain within their own country--are among the most at-risk, vulnerable populations in the world. Although some protections have been provided to internally displaced persons, international organizations have been unable to fully meet their needs in most locations, partly because of the...
NATO: U.S. Assistance to the Partnership for Peace
GAO-01-734: Published: Jul 20, 2001. Publicly Released: Jul 20, 2001.
After the collapse of the former Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact in 1991, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) allies and the United States sought new ways to cooperate with the political and military leadership of their former adversaries. In January 1994, NATO established the Partnership for Peace to increase defense cooperation with former Warsaw Pact members and other former communist st...
International Monetary Fund: Few Changes Evident in Design of New Lending Program for Poor Countries
GAO-01-581: Published: May 8, 2001. Publicly Released: May 8, 2001.
The effectiveness and appropriateness of the International Monetary Fund's lending programs to poor countries have been widely debated, generally centering on whether the program has improved these countries' economies. In response to some of these concerns and as part of a concerted international effort to reduce poverty, the Fund expanded the goals of its lending program to its poorest members i...
Revised Estimate of the Shortfall in U.S. Contributions to the United Nations
NSIAD-00-41R: Published: Oct 8, 1999. Publicly Released: Oct 8, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO updated its previous report on the estimate of the shortfall in U.S. contributions to the United Nations (U.N.).GAO noted that: (1) on the basis of actual and anticipated U.N. assessments and U.S. payments as of September 30, 1999, GAO estimates that the United States will need to pay about $111 million in addition to anticipated payments of $548 million be...
United Nations: Status of U.S. Contributions and Arrears
NSIAD-99-187: Published: Jul 28, 1999. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO updated its previous report on United Nations (U.N.) financial issues and U.S. arrears, focusing on: (1) the amount the United States will need to pay before the end of 1999 to avoid losing its right to vote in the U.N. General Assembly; (2) the trend in U.S. assessed contributions and arrears that has led to the current situation; (3) U.S. arrears and the...