International organizations (41 - 50 of 91 items)
Darfur Crisis: Progress in Aid and Peace Monitoring Threatened by Ongoing Violence and Operational Challenges
GAO-07-9: Published: Nov 9, 2006. Publicly Released: Dec 11, 2006.
In 2003, violent conflict in Darfur, Sudan broke out between rebel groups, government troops, and government-supported Arab militias, known as the Janjaweed. The conflict has displaced about 2 million Darfurians and has so affected over 1.9 million others that they require assistance. Since October 2003, the U.S. government has provided humanitarian assistance in Darfur and supported African Union...
Rebuilding Iraq: Stabilization, Reconstruction, and Financing Challenges
GAO-06-428T: Published: Feb 8, 2006. Publicly Released: Feb 8, 2006.
The United States, along with coalition partners and various international organizations, has undertaken a challenging and costly effort to stabilize and rebuild Iraq following multiple wars and decades of neglect by the former regime. This enormous effort is taking place in an unstable security environment, concurrent with Iraqi efforts to transition to its first permanent government. The United...
Rebuilding Iraq: Enhancing Security, Measuring Program Results, and Maintaining Infrastructure Are Necessary to Make Significant and Sustainable Progress
GAO-06-179T: Published: Oct 18, 2005. Publicly Released: Oct 18, 2005.
The United States, along with coalition partners and various international organizations, has undertaken a challenging and costly effort to stabilize and rebuild Iraq following multiple wars and decades of neglect by the former regime. This enormous effort is taking place in an unstable security environment, concurrent with Iraqi efforts to complete a constitutional framework for establishing a pe...
Rebuilding Iraq: Preliminary Observations on Challenges in Transferring Security Responsibilities to Iraqi Military and Police
GAO-05-431T: Published: Mar 14, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 14, 2005.
Since the fall of the former Iraq regime in April 2003, the multinational force has been working to develop Iraqi military and police forces capable of maintaining security. To support this effort, the United States provided about $5.8 billion in 2003-04 to develop Iraq's security capability. In February 2005, the president requested a supplemental appropriation with an additional $5.7 billion to...
Foreign Assistance: U.S. Trade Capacity Building Extensive, but Its Effectiveness Has Yet to Be Evaluated
GAO-05-150: Published: Feb 11, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 2005.
Many developing countries have expressed concern about their inability to take advantage of global trading opportunities. The United States considers this ability a key factor in reducing poverty, achieving economic growth, raising income levels, and promoting stability. U.S. trade capacity building assistance is designed to address these concerns. GAO (1) identified the nature and extent of U.S....
Rebuilding Iraq: Resource, Security, Governance, Essential Services, and Oversight Issues
GAO-04-902R: Published: Jun 28, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2004.
Rebuilding Iraq is a U.S. national security and foreign policy priority. According to the President, the United States intends to help Iraq achieve democracy and freedom and has a vital national interest in the success of free institutions in Iraq. As of April 30, 2004, billions of dollars in grants, loans, assets, and revenues from various sources have been made available or pledged to the recons...
Peace Corps: Observations on Volunteer Safety and Security
GAO-04-903T: Published: Jun 22, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 22, 2004.
About 7,500 Peace Corps volunteers currently serve in 70 countries. The administration intends to increase this number to about 14,000. Volunteers often live in areas with limited access to reliable communications, police, or medical services. As Americans, they may be viewed as relatively wealthy and, hence, good targets for crime. In this testimony, GAO summarizes findings from its 2002 report P...
Iraq's Transitional Law
GAO-04-746R: Published: May 25, 2004. Publicly Released: May 25, 2004.
On June 30, 2004, the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) intends to transfer power in Iraq to a fully sovereign Iraqi interim government. CPA and the Iraq Governing Council took a fundamental step toward this goal in March 2004, when they signed the Law of Administration for the State of Iraq for the Transitional Period (hereafter referred to as the transitional law). The transitional law is in...
Nonproliferation: Delays in Implementing the Chemical Weapons Convention Raise Concerns About Proliferation
GAO-04-361: Published: Mar 31, 2004. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2004.
The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) bans chemical weapons and requires their destruction by 2007, with possible extensions to 2012. The CWC also seeks to reduce the proliferation of these weapons by requiring member states to adopt comprehensive national laws to criminalize CWC-prohibited activities. The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) monitors the destruction of chem...
Foreign Assistance: Observations on Post-Conflict Assistance in Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan
GAO-03-980T: Published: Jul 18, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 18, 2003.
The circumstances of armed conflicts in Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan differed in many respects, but in all three cases the United States and the international community became involved in the wars and post-conflict assistance because of important national and international interests. Over the past 10 years, GAO has done extensive work assessing post-conflict assistance in Bosnia and Kosovo and,...