Foreign economic assistance (41 - 50 of 89 items)
Drug Control: U.S. Nonmilitary Assistance to Colombia Is Beginning to Show Intended Results, but Programs Are Not Readily Sustainable
GAO-04-726: Published: Jul 2, 2004. Publicly Released: Aug 3, 2004.
Since 2000, the U.S. government has provided a total of $3.3 billion to Colombia, making it the fifth largest recipient of U.S. assistance. Part of this funding has gone toward nonmilitary assistance to Colombia, including programs to (1) promote legitimate economic alternatives to coca and opium poppy; (2) assist Colombia's vulnerable groups, particularly internally displaced persons; and (3) str...
Foreign Assistance: Observations on USAID's Commodity Import Program in Egypt
GAO-04-846T: Published: Jun 17, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2004.
The Commodity Import Program (CIP), managed by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), is intended to foster a competitive private sector in Egypt, in addition to assisting U.S. exporters. The program also supports the government of Egypt and USAID activities and expenses in Egypt. Since 1992, Congress has appropriated at least $200 million per year for the CIP. In 1998, the United...
Foreign Assistance: Observations on Post-Conflict Assistance in Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan
GAO-03-980T: Published: Jul 18, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 18, 2003.
The circumstances of armed conflicts in Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan differed in many respects, but in all three cases the United States and the international community became involved in the wars and post-conflict assistance because of important national and international interests. Over the past 10 years, GAO has done extensive work assessing post-conflict assistance in Bosnia and Kosovo and,...
Compact of Free Association: An Assessment of the Amended Compacts and Related Agreements
GAO-03-988T: Published: Jul 10, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 10, 2003.
In 1986, the United States entered into a Compact of Free Association with the Pacific Island nations of the Federated States of Micronesia, or FSM, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands, or RMI. The Compact provided about $2.1 billion in U.S. funds, supplied by the Department of the Interior, over 17 years (1987-2003) to the FSM and the RMI. These funds were intended to advance economic develo...
Foreign Assistance: Sustained Efforts Needed to Help Southern Africa Recover from Food Crisis
GAO-03-644: Published: Jun 25, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2003.
The southern Africa food crisis threatened 15.3 million people in six countries (Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe) with famine. GAO was asked to look at (1) factors that contributed to the crisis, (2) how well the populations' needs were met, (3) obstacles to the food aid effort, and (4) challenges to emerging from crisis.Multiple factors contributed to the food crisis...
Central and Southwest Asian Countries: Trends in U.S. Assistance and Key Economic, Governance, and Demographic Characteristics
GAO-03-634R: Published: May 9, 2003. Publicly Released: May 9, 2003.
Following the terrorist attacks of September 2001, prosecuting the global war on terrorism became the United States' primary foreign policy priority. The United States focused its initial efforts on Afghanistan in Operation Enduring Freedom because the country harbored elements of Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups. As a result, countries in the region--Pakistan and the five Central Asian republi...
Food Aid: Experience of U.S. Programs Suggests Opportunities for Improvement
GAO-02-801T: Published: Jun 4, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 2002.
The United States spent $50 billion (2002 dollars) on food aid between 1979 and 2003. Notwithstanding these sizable donations and donations by other countries, the need for food aid in the developing world far exceeds available supply. U.S. food aid is provided through six programs administered by the Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). These progra...
Foreign Assistance: USAID Relies Heavily on Nongovernmental Organizations, but Better Data Needed to Evaluate Approaches
GAO-02-471: Published: Apr 25, 2002. Publicly Released: May 10, 2002.
U.S. officials are interested in transferring some government social welfare functions to nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). One area is in the delivery of foreign assistance to developing countries and countries transitioning from communism to market-oriented democracy. Many NGOs active in international development have years of experience working overseas and have received millions of dollars...
Developing Countries: Challenges Confronting Debt Relief and IMF Lending to Poor Countries
GAO-01-745T: Published: May 15, 2001. Publicly Released: May 15, 2001.
The Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative and the International Monetary Fund's concessional (below-market terms) lending facility--the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility--are two multilateral programs intended to help spur economic growth and reduce poverty in low-income countries, most notably countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The HIPC Initiative represents a step forward in the in...
Foreign Assistance: Private Voluntary Organizations' Contributions and Limitations
NSIAD-96-34: Published: Dec 15, 1995. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed private voluntary organizations' (PVO) role in delivering federally funded foreign assistance, focusing on the: (1) implications of increasing PVO role in delivering assistance; (2) success of PVO projects in achieving their objectives; and (3) extent to which PVO are dependent on U.S. government funding.GAO found that: (1) the PVO community encomp...