Developing countries (1 - 10 of 87 items)
International Cash-Based Food Assistance: USAID Has Established Processes to Monitor Cash and Voucher Projects, but Data Limitations Impede Evaluation
GAO-16-819: Published: Sep 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2016.
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and its implementing partners have established processes to monitor cash transfer and food voucher projects. To monitor the implementation of these projects, USAID has assigned monitoring roles and responsibilities to staff, is developing country monitoring plans and monitoring tools, and is working to verify information that partners...
Water and Sanitation Assistance: USAID Has Increased Strategic Focus but Should Improve Monitoring
GAO-16-81: Published: Oct 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2015.
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) missions in the 9 countries GAO selected for its review reported implementing a variety of water supply, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities in fiscal years 2012 through 2014. WASH activities included capacity building, behavior-change communication, infrastructure construction, technical assistance, policy and governance, and financing. The...
Foreign Assistance: USAID Should Update Its Trade Capacity Building Strategy
GAO-14-602: Published: Aug 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2014.
The U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) 2003 trade capacity building (TCB) strategy does not directly guide TCB activities, and parts of the strategy no longer reflect the current TCB environment. USAID's TCB activities are primarily guided by country needs and many of these activities are elements of large development projects that have their own objectives. According to USAID, th...
Earned Import Allowance Program for Haiti
GAO-12-204R: Published: Nov 30, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 2011.
The United States has historically provided assistance to support development in Haiti. Over the last several years, Congress has attempted to promote Haiti's economic development through the use of trade preferences for Haitian products. In 2000, Congress extended preferences under the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act to allow for duty-free treatment of apparel through the Caribbean Basin Tr...
Foreign Assistance: The United States Provides Wide-ranging Trade Capacity Building Assistance, but Better Reporting and Evaluation Are Needed
GAO-11-727: Published: Jul 29, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2011.
From 2005 to 2010, 24 U.S. agencies provided more than $9 billion in trade capacity building (TCB) assistance to help more than 100 countries reduce poverty, increase economic growth, and achieve stability through trade. To report on TCB funding, the U.S. government conducts an annual survey of agencies and publicly reports the data in a TCB database administered by the U.S. Agency for Internation...
Millennium Challenge Corporation: Compacts in Cape Verde and Honduras Achieved Reduced Targets
GAO-11-728: Published: Jul 25, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 25, 2011.
The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) was established in 2004 to help developing countries reduce poverty and stimulate economic growth through multiyear compact agreements. As of June 2011, MCC had signed compacts with 23 countries totaling approximately $8.2 billion in assistance. MCC asks countries to develop compacts with a focus on results and effective monitoring and evaluation. MCC set...
Haiti Reconstruction: U.S. Efforts Have Begun, Expanded Oversight Still to Be Implemented
GAO-11-415: Published: May 19, 2011. Publicly Released: May 19, 2011.
On January 12, 2010, an earthquake in Haiti killed an estimated 230,000 people, displaced about 2 million more, and exacerbated longstanding challenges. In July 2010, Congress appropriated more than $1.14 billion in supplemental funds for reconstruction assistance, most of which was provided to the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Department of State (State). In April 2010...
International Food Assistance: Better Nutrition and Quality Control Can Further Improve U.S. Food Aid
GAO-11-491: Published: May 12, 2011. Publicly Released: May 12, 2011.
For more than 50 years, the United States--which accounts for about half of global food aid supplies--has played an important role in alleviating malnutrition and hunger, especially during emergencies. In fiscal year 2010, the United States spent about $1.5 billion on emergency food aid that reached about 46.5 million beneficiaries. To preserve the nutritional value of food aid, quality controls a...
Global Health: Trends in U.S. Spending for Global HIV/AIDS and Other Health Assistance in Fiscal Years 2001-2008
GAO-11-64: Published: Oct 8, 2010. Publicly Released: Oct 8, 2010.
U.S. funding for global HIV/AIDS and other health-related programs rose significantly from 2001 to 2008. The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), reauthorized in 2008 at $48 billion through 2013, has made significant investments in support of prevention of HIV/AIDS as well as care and treatment for those affected by the disease in 31 partner countries and 3 regions. In May 2009, th...
U.S. Water and Sanitation Aid: Millions of Beneficiaries Reported in Developing Countries, but Department of State Needs to Strengthen Strategic Approach
GAO-10-957: Published: Sep 24, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2010.
The Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act of 2005 (the Act) made access to safe water and sanitation for developing countries a U.S. foreign assistance policy objective. The United States provides such assistance mainly through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). The Act requires the Secretary of State to develop a water and sanitation assistance strategy with the Administra...