International organizations (21 - 30 of 82 items)
Global Health: Spending Requirement Presents Challenges for Allocating Prevention Funding under the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
GAO-06-395: Published: Apr 4, 2006. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 2006.
The U.S. Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2003 authorizes the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and promotes the ABC model (Abstain, Be faithful, or use Condoms). It recommends that 20 percent of funds appropriated pursuant to the act be spent on prevention and requires that, starting in fiscal year 2006, 33 percent of prevention funds appropriated pu...
World Trade Organization: Global Trade Talks Back on Track, but Considerable Work Needed to Fulfill Ambitious Objectives
GAO-05-538: Published: May 31, 2005. Publicly Released: May 31, 2005.
The outcome of ongoing World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations is vital to the U.S. economy, because trade with WTO members accounts for about one-fifth of the U.S. gross domestic product. The current round of trade negotiations--called the Doha Round--was supposed to end by January 2005 with agreement on the key issues of agriculture, industrial market access, services, and to strengthen the...
Foreign Assistance: U.S. Trade Capacity Building Extensive, but Its Effectiveness Has Yet to Be Evaluated
GAO-05-150: Published: Feb 11, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 2005.
Many developing countries have expressed concern about their inability to take advantage of global trading opportunities. The United States considers this ability a key factor in reducing poverty, achieving economic growth, raising income levels, and promoting stability. U.S. trade capacity building assistance is designed to address these concerns. GAO (1) identified the nature and extent of U.S....
World Trade Organization: Cancun Ministerial Fails to Move Global Trade Negotiations Forward; Next Steps Uncertain
GAO-04-250: Published: Jan 15, 2004. Publicly Released: Jan 15, 2004.
Trade ministers from 146 members of the World Trade Organization (WTO), representing 93 percent of global commerce, convened in Cancun, Mexico, in September 2003. Their goal was to provide direction for ongoing trade negotiations involving a broad set of issues that included agriculture, nonagricultural market access, services, and special treatment for developing countries. These negotiations, pa...
World Trade Organization: Early Decisions Are Vital to Progress in Ongoing Negotiations
GAO-02-879: Published: Sep 4, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 2002.
In November 2001, the World Trade Organization launched a new set of multilateral negotiations at its ministerial conference in Doha, Qatar. The ministerial conference was important because it laid out an ambitious agenda for a broad set of new multilateral trade negotiations, set forth in the Doha Ministerial Declaration. The declaration calls for a continuation of discussions on liberalizing tra...
Developing Countries: Switching Some Multilateral Loans to Grants Would Lesson Poor Country Debt Burdens
GAO-02-698T: Published: May 2, 2002. Publicly Released: May 2, 2002.
Last year, President Bush proposed that the World Bank and other development banks replace half of all future loans to the world's poorest countries with grants. The goal of the proposal was to relieve poor countries' long term debt burdens. The World Bank estimates that the proposal would result in a financial loss of $100 billion dollars to it during the next 40 years. GAO found that the proposa...
Global Health: Challenges in Improving Infectious Disease Surveillance Systems
GAO-01-722: Published: Aug 31, 2001. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2001.
According to the World Health Organization, infectious diseases account for more than 13 million deaths every year, including nearly two-thirds of all deaths among children under age 5. Infectious diseases present a substantial threat to people in all parts of the world, and this threat has grown in volume and complexity. New diseases have emerged, others once viewed as declining in significance h...
Multilateral Development Banks: Profiles of Selected Multilateral Development Banks
GAO-01-665: Published: May 18, 2001. Publicly Released: May 18, 2001.
This report discusses Multilateral Development Banks (MDB), which provide financial support for projects and programs that promote social and economic progress in developing countries. GAO provides (1) summaries of each bank's mission, function, and operations; (2) key bank financial data covering the last three fiscal years; and (3) information on the U.S. investment in capital and voting percent...
International Monetary Fund: Few Changes Evident in Design of New Lending Program for Poor Countries
GAO-01-581: Published: May 8, 2001. Publicly Released: May 8, 2001.
The effectiveness and appropriateness of the International Monetary Fund's lending programs to poor countries have been widely debated, generally centering on whether the program has improved these countries' economies. In response to some of these concerns and as part of a concerted international effort to reduce poverty, the Fund expanded the goals of its lending program to its poorest members i...
Global Health: Framework for Infectious Disease Surveillance
NSIAD-00-205R: Published: Jul 20, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 24, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the global infectious disease surveillance framework, (with particular emphasis on its operations in developing countries), focusing on: (1) functions involved in infectious disease surveillance and response framework.GAO noted that: (1) primary functions in infectious disease surveillance include detecting and reporting cases of disease in target...