Agricultural commodities (1 - 10 of 39 items) in Custom Date Range
International Food Assistance: Funding Development Projects through the Purchase, Shipment, and Sale of U.S. Commodities Is Inefficient and Can Cause Adverse Market Impacts
GAO-11-636: Published: Jun 23, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2011.
Since the Food Security Act of 1985, Congress has authorized monetization--the sale of U.S. food aid commodities in developing countries to fund development. In fiscal year 2010, more than $300 million was used to procure and ship 540,000 metric tons of commodities to be monetized by the U.S. Agency for International Development and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Through analysis of agency da...
International Food Assistance: Local and Regional Procurement Can Enhance the Efficiency of U.S. Food Aid, but Challenges May Constrain Its Implementation
GAO-09-570: Published: May 29, 2009. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 2009.
While the U.S. approach of providing in-kind food aid has assisted millions of hungry people for more than 50 years, in 2007 GAO reported limitations to its efficiency and effectiveness. To improve U.S. food assistance, Congress has authorized some funding for local and regional procurement (LRP)--donors' purchase of food aid in countries affected by food crises or in a country within the same reg...
Food Insecurity Persists in Sub-Saharan Africa despite Efforts to Halve Hunger by 2015
GAO-08-1007R: Published: Jul 17, 2008. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2008.
At the 1996 World Food Summit (WFS) in Rome, the United States and more than 180 world leaders pledged to halve the total number of undernourished people worldwide from the 1990 level---a commitment that they reaffirmed in 2000 when they established the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), which included a target to halve the proportion or the percentage of the world's population that is undernouri...
Food Aid: Experience of U.S. Programs Suggests Opportunities for Improvement
GAO-02-801T: Published: Jun 4, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 2002.
The United States spent $50 billion (2002 dollars) on food aid between 1979 and 2003. Notwithstanding these sizable donations and donations by other countries, the need for food aid in the developing world far exceeds available supply. U.S. food aid is provided through six programs administered by the Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). These progra...
Developing Countries: Switching Some Multilateral Loans to Grants Lessens Poor Country Debt Burdens
GAO-02-593: Published: Apr 19, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 2002.
Last year the United States proposed that the World Bank and other development banks distribute more grants to the world's poorest countries to help ease their long-term debt burdens. The United States recommended that grants replace up to half of all future lending. The proposal has been controversial because of its potential impact on the resources available to poor countries. The World Bank est...
Foreign Assistance: Global Food for Education Initiative Faces Challenges for Successful Implementation
GAO-02-328: Published: Feb 28, 2002. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2002.
At the Group of Eight industrialized countries' summit in July 2000, President Clinton proposed a Global Food for Education Initiative (GFEI) whereby developed countries would provide school breakfasts or lunches to needy children in poor countries. The aim of the initiative is to use school meals to attract children to school, keep them attending once they enroll, and improve learning. The presid...
Developing Countries: Status of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Debt Relief Initiative
NSIAD-98-229: Published: Sep 30, 1998. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the: (1) implementation of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Debt Initiative; and (2) initiative's potential to achieve its stated goal of bringing poor countries' debts to sustainable levels.GAO noted that: (1) the HIPC initiative will help reduce participating poor countries' debt burdens, in some cases, substantially; however, many will...
Former Soviet Union: Information on U.S. Bilateral Program Funding
NSIAD-96-37: Published: Dec 15, 1995. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 1995.
GAO provided financial information on U.S bilateral programs with the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union (FSU) between fiscal year (FY) 1990 and December 31, 1994, that were designed to help them make the transition to democracy, focusing on the: (1) amount of funds obligated and expended; (2) amount of credits provided, including subsidy costs; and (3) appropriation source and bu...
Foreign Aid: Actions Taken to Improve Food Aid Management
NSIAD-95-74: Published: Mar 23, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 23, 1995.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed food assistance programs authorized under titles II and III of the 1990 Agricultural Development and Trade Act, focusing on actions the Agency for International Development (AID) has taken to implement previous GAO recommendations.GAO found that: (1) AID has fully or partially implemented 11 of 13 recommendations that GAO made regarding problems...
Food Aid: Private Voluntary Organizations' Role In Distributing Food Aid
NSIAD-95-35: Published: Nov 23, 1994. Publicly Released: Nov 23, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on food aid granted by the United States to private voluntary organizations (PVO) to support development activities in foreign countries, focusing on the: (1) role of PVO in distributing food aid; and (2) impact of direct feeding programs on enhancing the long-term food security of recipient countries, including how well projects are ta...