Developing countries (11 - 20 of 296 items)
Millennium Challenge Corporation: Review of Compact Records and Information Management Program
GAO-13-615: Published: Jun 20, 2013. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 2013.
In 2006, the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) established a records and information management program to maintain and preserve its federal records. The program includes policies related to compact management records--a subset of MCC's federal records. These policies also address the handling of other compact-related information generated by MCC partner governments' accountable entities, whi...
Sub-Saharan Africa: Trends in U.S. and Chinese Economic Engagement
GAO-13-199: Published: Feb 7, 2013. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 2013.
View Chinese version of Highlights (PDF, 1 page).What GAO FoundThe United States and China have emphasized different policies and approaches for their engagement with sub-Saharan Africa. U.S. goals have included strengthening democratic institutions, supporting human rights, using development assistance to improve health and education, and helping sub-Saharan African countries build global trade....
Public Financial Management: Improvements Needed in USAID's and Treasury's Monitoring and Evaluation Efforts
GAO-12-920: Published: Sep 13, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 2012.
To develop programs to strengthen developing countries Public Financial Management (PFM) systems, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury) rely on assessments of the host country governments systems. In 2011, USAID implemented new processes that place a greater emphasis on PFM in its development efforts as the agency aims...
Millennium Challenge Corporation: Results of Transportation Infrastructure Projects in Seven Countries
GAO-12-631: Published: Sep 12, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2012.
The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC)--a U.S. government corporation-- recognizes the importance of a disciplined, transparent, and accountable approach to tracking compact results. However, it reduced the scopes of its early transportation infrastructure projects and reports mixed success in meeting key performance targets. In addition, problems with data quality call into question the relia...
Earned Import Allowance Program for Haiti
GAO-12-204R: Published: Nov 30, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 2011.
The United States has historically provided assistance to support development in Haiti. Over the last several years, Congress has attempted to promote Haiti's economic development through the use of trade preferences for Haitian products. In 2000, Congress extended preferences under the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act to allow for duty-free treatment of apparel through the Caribbean Basin Tr...
Haiti Reconstruction: Factors Contributing to Delays in USAID Infrastructure Construction
GAO-12-68: Published: Nov 16, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2011.
On January 12, 2010, a powerful earthquake struck Haiti, resulting in an estimated 230,000 deaths, including more than 16,000 Haitian government personnel, and the destruction of many ministry buildings. In addition to immediate relief efforts, in July 2010, Congress appropriated $1.14 billion in supplemental funds for reconstruction, most of which was provided to the U.S. Agency for International...
Low-Income Countries: International Financial Institutions Met Many Goals in Response to Financial, Food, and Fuel Crises, but Impact on Spending Difficult to Establish
GAO-11-832: Published: Sep 28, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 2011.
The 40 poorest countries in the world, known as low-income countries (LICs), have been negatively impacted by successive food, fuel, and financial crises since 2007. In response, international financial institutions (IFI), including the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF), have taken actions to increase financial assistance for affected countries. Between 2008 and 2010, Congress appro...
Foreign Assistance: The United States Provides Wide-ranging Trade Capacity Building Assistance, but Better Reporting and Evaluation Are Needed
GAO-11-727: Published: Jul 29, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2011.
From 2005 to 2010, 24 U.S. agencies provided more than $9 billion in trade capacity building (TCB) assistance to help more than 100 countries reduce poverty, increase economic growth, and achieve stability through trade. To report on TCB funding, the U.S. government conducts an annual survey of agencies and publicly reports the data in a TCB database administered by the U.S. Agency for Internation...
Millennium Challenge Corporation: Compacts in Cape Verde and Honduras Achieved Reduced Targets
GAO-11-728: Published: Jul 25, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 25, 2011.
The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) was established in 2004 to help developing countries reduce poverty and stimulate economic growth through multiyear compact agreements. As of June 2011, MCC had signed compacts with 23 countries totaling approximately $8.2 billion in assistance. MCC asks countries to develop compacts with a focus on results and effective monitoring and evaluation. MCC set...
International Food Assistance: Funding Development Projects through the Purchase, Shipment, and Sale of U.S. Commodities Is Inefficient and Can Cause Adverse Market Impacts
GAO-11-636: Published: Jun 23, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2011.
Since the Food Security Act of 1985, Congress has authorized monetization--the sale of U.S. food aid commodities in developing countries to fund development. In fiscal year 2010, more than $300 million was used to procure and ship 540,000 metric tons of commodities to be monetized by the U.S. Agency for International Development and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Through analysis of agency da...