All Topics » International Affairs
International Affairs (21 - 30 of 2,827 items)
Combating Wildlife Trafficking: Agencies Are Taking a Range of Actions, but the Task Force Lacks Performance Targets for Assessing Progress
GAO-16-717: Published: Sep 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2016.
While criminal elements of all kinds, including some terrorist entities and rogue security personnel, engage in poaching and transporting ivory and rhino horn across Africa, transnational organized criminals are the driving force behind wildlife trafficking, according to reports GAO reviewed and agency officials GAO spoke with in the United States and Africa. Wildlife trafficking can contribute to...
International Cash-Based Food Assistance: USAID Has Established Processes to Monitor Cash and Voucher Projects, but Data Limitations Impede Evaluation
GAO-16-819: Published: Sep 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2016.
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and its implementing partners have established processes to monitor cash transfer and food voucher projects. To monitor the implementation of these projects, USAID has assigned monitoring roles and responsibilities to staff, is developing country monitoring plans and monitoring tools, and is working to verify information that partners...
Single Audit Analysis: Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of the Marshall Islands (GAO-16-760SP), an E-Supplement to GAO-16-550T
GAO-16-760SP: Published: Sep 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2016.
This is an e-supplement to GAO-16-550T. The Single Audit Act of 1984, as amended, is intended to improve accountability, including effective internal control over federal awards administered by state and local governments and nonprofit organizations. The Single Audit Act, as implemented by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) requires each non-federal entity that expends a total amount of fed...
Foreign Assistance: Actions Needed to Improve Transparency and Quality of Data on ForeignAssistance.gov
GAO-16-768: Published: Aug 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 2016.
Since 2013, the Department of State (State) has collected and published quarterly data on ForeignAssistance.gov from 10 agencies that provide the majority of U.S. foreign assistance and more recently has initiated a process to prepare the12 remaining agencies to collect and report data. The 2012 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Bulletin No. 12-01 outlined requirements for collecting and publi...
Export-Import Bank: Status of Dual-Use Exports as of August 2016
GAO-16-844R: Published: Aug 31, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2016.
The Export-Import Bank of the United States (Ex-Im) received five of six reports required by Ex-Im credit agreements on time for the three dual-use exports—goods that could be used for either defense or civilian purposes, such as satellites or construction equipment—it continued to finance in fiscal year 2014, and mostly followed its own guidance when the sixth report was not submitted on time...
SEC Conflict Minerals Rule: Companies Face Continuing Challenges in Determining Whether Their Conflict Minerals Benefit Armed Groups
GAO-16-805: Published: Aug 25, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 25, 2016.
As a result of country-of-origin inquiries, an estimated 19 percent more companies that filed a specialized disclosure form (Form SD) with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) reported that they knew or had reason to believe they knew the source of the conflict minerals in their products in 2015 than in 2014, based on a generalizable sample of filings GAO reviewed. However, after an estima...
Antidumping and Countervailing Duties: CBP Action Needed to Reduce Duty Processing Errors and Mitigate Nonpayment Risk
GAO-16-542: Published: Jul 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 15, 2016.
GAO estimates that about $2.3 billion in antidumping (AD) and countervailing (CV) duties owed to the U.S. government were uncollected as of mid-May 2015, based on its analysis of AD/CV duty bills for goods entering the United States in fiscal years 2001–2014. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) reported that it does not expect to collect most of that debt. GAO found that most AD/CV duty bil...
Cultural Property: Protection of Iraqi and Syrian Antiquities
GAO-16-673: Published: Aug 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 15, 2016.
U.S. agencies and the Smithsonian Institution (Smithsonian) have undertaken five types of activities to protect Iraqi and Syrian cultural property since 2011, which include awareness raising, information sharing, law enforcement, overseas capacity building, and destruction prevention. For example, the Department of Homeland Security reported coordinating with the Federal Bureau of Investigation an...
Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Existing Federal Efforts to Increase Awareness Should Be Improved
GAO-16-645: Published: Jun 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 2016.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that 513,000 women and girls in the United States were at risk of or had been subjected to female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in 2012, a threefold increase from its 1990 estimate. CDC attributes this change primarily to increased immigration from countries where FGM/C is practiced, rather than an increase in the occurrence of FG...
Iran Nuclear Agreement: The International Atomic Energy Agency's Authorities, Resources, and Challenges
GAO-16-565: Published: Jun 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2016.
As outlined in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was asked to verify and monitor Iran's implementation of a range of nuclear-related commitments. IAEA is using its safeguards authorities and conducting additional activities agreed to by Iran under the JCPOA to do so. Iran's commitments include limits on uranium enrichment levels and on en...