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Information Technology (121 - 130 of 1,406 items) in Custom Date Range
Information Technology: DHS Needs to Enhance Management of Cost and Schedule for Major Investments
GAO-12-904: Published: Sep 26, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2012.
Approximately two-thirds of the Department of Homeland Securitys (DHS) major information technology (IT) investments are meeting their cost and schedule commitments (i.e., goals). Specifically, out of 68 major IT investments in development, 47 were meeting cost and schedule commitments. The remaining 21which total about $1 billion in spendinghad one or more subsidiary projects that were not...
Organizational Transformation: Enterprise Architecture Value Needs to Be Measured and Reported
GAO-12-791: Published: Sep 26, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2012.
Among the 27 agencies that GAO studied, all have fully or partially defined goals or purposes for their architectures, 11 have fully or partially established a method or metrics for measuring outcomes resulting from the use of their architectures, while 5 have fully or partially measured and reported outcomes and benefits.Agencies cited a lack of guidance as a key reason why they have not establis...
Information Technology: Department of Labor Could Further Facilitate Modernization of States' Unemployment Insurance Systems
GAO-12-957: Published: Sep 26, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2012.
The Department of Labor (Labor) facilitates states efforts to modernize information technology (IT) systems supporting their unemployment insurance (UI) programs by (1) providing funds for administrating overall UI operations and (2) participating in groups that provide technical support to states. While the federal-state structure of the UI program places primary responsibility for its admi...
Next Generation Enterprise Network: Navy Implementing Revised Approach, but Improvement Needed in Mitigating Risks
GAO-12-956: Published: Sep 19, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 2012.
While the Department of the Navy (DON) has revised its acquisition approach for its new network system, the Next Generation Enterprise Network (NGEN), it still has not shown that it has selected the most cost-effective approach for acquiring NGEN capabilities. Cost effectiveness is shown by comparing life-cycle costs and quantifiable and nonquantifiable benefits among alternatives, which can be ac...
Information Technology: Census Bureau Needs to Implement Key Management Practices
GAO-12-915: Published: Sep 18, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 2012.
The U.S. Census Bureau (Census Bureau) has drafted a new investment management plan, system development methodology, and requirements development and management processes to improve its ability to manage information technology (IT) investments and system development, but additional work is needed to ensure these processes are effective and successfully implemented across the bureau. GAO and others...
Electronic Government Act: Agencies Have Implemented Most Provisions, but Key Areas of Attention Remain
GAO-12-782: Published: Sep 12, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2012.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and other agencies have taken steps to carry out leadership and organizational responsibilities as called for by the E-Government Act. Specifically, OMB's Office of Electronic Government has issued key guidance for agencies on complying with the requirements of the act and coordinated annual reporting to Congress on agency compliance with the act. In addit...
Software Development: Effective Practices and Federal Challenges in Applying Agile Methods
GAO-12-681: Published: Jul 27, 2012. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 2012.
GAO identified 32 practices and approaches as effective for applying Agile software development methods to IT projects. The practices generally align with five key software development project management activities: strategic planning, organizational commitment and collaboration, preparation, execution, and evaluation. Officials who have used Agile methods on federal projects generally agreed that...
Information Technology: DHS Needs to Further Define and Implement Its New Governance Process
GAO-12-818: Published: Jul 25, 2012. Publicly Released: Jul 25, 2012.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has defined a vision for its new information technology (IT) governance process, which includes a tiered oversight structure that defines distinct roles and responsibilities throughout the department. The new governance framework and the associated policies and procedures are generally consistent with recent Office of Management and Budget (OMB) guidance a...
Data Center Consolidation: Agencies Making Progress on Efforts, but Inventories and Plans Need to Be Completed
GAO-12-742: Published: Jul 19, 2012. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 2012.
As of the most recent agency data submitted in September 2011, 24 agencies identified almost 2,900 total centers, established plans to close 1,186 of them by 2015, and estimated they would realize over $2.4 billion in cost savings in doing so. However, while the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) required agencies to complete missing elements in their data center inventories and plans by the en...
Information Technology Cost Estimation: Agencies Need to Address Significant Weaknesses in Policies and Practices
GAO-12-629: Published: Jul 11, 2012. Publicly Released: Jul 11, 2012.
While the eight agencies GAO reviewedthe Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Homeland Security, Justice, Labor, and Veterans Affairs, and the Environmental Protection Agencyvaried in the extent to which their cost-estimating policies and procedures addressed best practices, most had significant weaknesses. For example, six of the eight agencies had established a clear requir...