Risk management (1 - 10 of 51 items)
IT Dashboard: Agencies Need to Fully Consider Risks When Rating Their Major Investments
GAO-16-494: Published: Jun 2, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 2016.
Agencies determined investments' Chief Information Officer (CIO) ratings using a variety of processes, which included the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) six suggested factors (including risk management, requirements management, and historical performance). Specifically, all 17 selected agencies incorporated at least two of OMB's factors into their risk rating processes and 9 used all of t...
Information Technology: FEMA Needs to Address Management Weaknesses to Improve Its Systems
GAO-16-306: Published: Apr 5, 2016. Publicly Released: May 5, 2016.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) faces the following challenges in ensuring that its information technology (IT) programs adequately support the agency's ability to respond to major disasters:Governance and oversight: FEMA established an investment review board to select and oversee IT investments, as called for by leading practices. But the board has not fully defined roles and resp...
Federal Retirement Processing: Applying Information Technology Acquisition Best Practices Could Help OPM Overcome a Long History of Unsuccessful Modernization Efforts
GAO-15-277T: Published: Dec 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 10, 2014.
In a series of reviews, GAO found that the Office of Personnel Management's (OPM) efforts over two decades to modernize its processing of federal employee retirement applications were fraught with information technology (IT) management weaknesses. Specifically, in 2005, GAO made recommendations to address weaknesses in project, risk, and organizational change management. In 2008, as OPM was on the...
IT Dashboard: Agencies Are Managing Investment Risk, but Related Ratings Need to Be More Accurate and Available
GAO-14-64: Published: Dec 12, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 13, 2014.
As of August 2013, the Chief Information Officers (CIO) at the eight selected agencies rated 198 of their 244 major information technology (IT) investments listed on the Federal IT Dashboard (Dashboard) as low risk or moderately low risk, 41 as medium risk, and 5 as high risk or moderately high risk. However, the total number of investments reported by these agencies has varied over time, which im...
Chemical Assessments: An Agencywide Strategy May Help EPA Address Unmet Needs for Integrated Risk Information System Assessments
GAO-13-369: Published: May 10, 2013. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 2013.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has not conducted a recent evaluation of demand for Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) toxicity assessments with input from users inside and outside EPA. Specifically, EPA issued a needs assessment report in 2003, which estimated that 50 new or updated IRIS toxicity assessments were needed each year to meet users' needs. However, GAO did not find su...
Information Technology: OMB and Agencies Need to Fully Implement Major Initiatives to Save Billions of Dollars
GAO-13-297T: Published: Jan 22, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 22, 2013.
GAO has issued a number of key reports on the federal government's efforts to efficiently acquire and operate information technology (IT) investments and found that if major initiatives are fully implemented, billions of dollars in savings could be realized. In particular, GAO has made recommendations regarding the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) public website, known as the IT Dashboard,...
OPM Retirement Modernization: Longstanding Information Technology Management Weaknesses Need to Be Addressed
GAO-12-226T: Published: Nov 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2011.
The Office of Personnel Management (OPM) is the central human resources agency for the federal government and, as such, is tasked with ensuring the government has an effective civilian workforce. As part of its mission, OPM defines recruiting and hiring processes and procedures; provides federal employees with various benefits, such as health benefits; and administers the retirement program for fe...
Data Center Consolidation: Agencies Need to Complete Inventories and Plans to Achieve Expected Savings
GAO-11-565: Published: Jul 19, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 26, 2011.
Over time, the federal government's demand for information technology has led to a dramatic rise in the number of federal data centers and an increase in operational costs. Recognizing this increase, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has launched a governmentwide initiative to consolidate data centers. GAO was asked to (1) assess whether agency consolidation documents include adequate deta...
Department of Defense: Further Actions Needed to Institutionalize Key Business System Modernization Management Controls
GAO-11-684: Published: Jun 29, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 2011.
For decades, the Department of Defense (DOD) has been challenged in modernizing its timeworn business systems. Since 1995, GAO has designated DOD's business systems modernization program as high risk. Between 2001 and 2005, GAO reported that the modernization program had spent hundreds of millions of dollars on an enterprise architecture and investment management structures that had limited value...
Information Technology: Department of Veterans Affairs Faces Ongoing Management Challenges
GAO-11-663T: Published: May 11, 2011. Publicly Released: May 11, 2011.
The use of information technology (IT) is crucial to helping the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) effectively serve the nation's veterans, and the department has expended billions of dollars annually over the last several years to manage and secure its information systems and assets. VA has, however, experienced challenges in managing its IT. GAO has previously highlighted VA's weaknesses in ma...