Internal controls (11 - 20 of 240 items)
Information Technology: FDA Has Taken Steps to Address Challenges but Needs a Comprehensive Strategic Plan
GAO-16-182: Published: Dec 17, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2015.
As of September 2015, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), had developed and released a new information technology (IT) strategic plan, entitled Information Technology Strategic Plan, Version 1.0 . The plan, according to the agency's Chief Information Officer (CIO), was developed to help FDA's Office of Information Management a...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Sector-Specific Agencies Need to Better Measure Cybersecurity Progress
GAO-16-79: Published: Nov 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2015.
Sector-specific agencies (SSA) determined the significance of cyber risk to networks and industrial control systems for all 15 of the sectors in the scope of GAO's review. Specifically, they determined that cyber risk was significant for 11 of 15 sectors. Although the SSAs for the remaining four sectors had not determined cyber risks to be significant during their 2010 sector-specific planning pro...
2020 Census: Key Information Technology Decisions Must Be Made Soon
GAO-16-205T: Published: Nov 3, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 2015.
GAO has previously reported that the U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau) faces a number of critical challenges in developing and deploying the information technology (IT) systems and infrastructure it plans to rely on to conduct the significantly redesigned 2020 Census. Specifically, the Bureau has a major IT program under way to modernize and consolidate the multiple, duplicative systems it currently use...
DOD Business Systems Modernization: Additional Action Needed to Achieve Intended Outcomes
GAO-15-627: Published: Jul 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2015.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has implemented 5 of the 16 recommendations made by GAO since June 2011 to address each of the overarching provisions for improving business systems management in the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 , as amended (NDAA) (10 U.S.C. § 2222) (see table). For example, it has implemented the recommendation to improve the data avai...
Cybersecurity: Recent Data Breaches Illustrate Need for Strong Controls across Federal Agencies
GAO-15-725T: Published: Jun 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 2015.
GAO has identified a number of challenges federal agencies face in addressing threats to their cybersecurity, including the following:Designing and implementing a risk-based cybersecurity program.Enhancing oversight of contractors providing IT services.Improving security incident response activities.Responding to breaches of personal information.Implementing cybersecurity programs at small agencie...
DHS IT Contracting: Steps Taken to Enhance EAGLE II Small Business Opportunities, but Better Assessment Data Needed
GAO-15-551: Published: Jun 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 2015.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) procurement officials reported taking three key steps to enhance small business participation in the Enterprise Acquisition Gateway for Leading-Edge Solutions II (EAGLE II) contracts:Creating small business tracks within each of EAGLE II's three lines of business, including socioeconomic set-aside tracks, to exclusively target competitions to small businesses...
Farm Program Modernization: Farm Service Agency Needs to Demonstrate the Capacity to Manage IT Initiatives
GAO-15-506: Published: Jun 18, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2015.
The key factors that led to the decision to halt the Modernize and Innovate the Delivery of Agricultural Systems (MIDAS) program were poor program performance and uncertainty regarding future plans. The Farm Service Agency (FSA) experienced significant cost overruns and schedule delays, deferred the majority of the envisioned features, skipped key tests, and deployed software in April 2013 that wa...
Information Technology: Additional Actions and Oversight Urgently Needed to Reduce Waste and Improve Performance in Acquisitions and Operations
GAO-15-675T: Published: Jun 10, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 2015.
Federal investments in information technology (IT) have often resulted in multimillion dollar cost overruns and years-long schedule delays, with questionable mission-related achievements. Further, the implementation of initiatives to improve IT acquisitions has been inconsistent. For example, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) established a process for holding face-to-face investment perfor...
Results-Oriented Management: OPM Needs to Do More to Ensure Meaningful Distinctions Are Made in SES Ratings and Performance Awards
GAO-15-189: Published: Jan 22, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 2015.
In 2012, the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) facilitated development of a new Senior Executive Service (SES) performance appraisal system with a more uniform framework to communicate expectations and evaluate the performance of executive branch agency SES members. The new system is expected to promote consistency, clarity, and transferability of performance standards and ratings across agenci...
Federal Software Licenses: Most Agencies Have Reported Planned Actions to Address Our Prior Recommendations on Software License Management
GAO-14-835R: Published: Sep 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2014.
As of August 2014, the majority of agencies that have provided information reported that they plan to address most of the recommendations GAO made to them. Specifically, 21 agencies plan to fully address all recommendations. For example, the Department of Education stated that in response to the weakness GAO identified, a department-wide directive that establishes guidelines for software acquisiti...