IT investment management (1 - 9 of 9 items) in Past Year
Information Technology: HUD Needs to Address Significant Weaknesses in Its Cost Estimating Practices
GAO-17-281: Published: Feb 7, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 2017.
The cost estimates that the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) developed for the four selected information technology (IT) investments were unreliable and, thus, lacked a sound basis for informing the department's investment and budgetary decisions. GAO's Cost Estimating and Assessment Guide (Cost Guide) defines best practices that are associated with four characteristics of a rel...
Information Technology: Improved Implementation of Reform Law Is Critical to Better Manage Acquisitions and Operations
GAO-17-263T: Published: Dec 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 2016.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and federal agencies have taken steps to improve federal information technology (IT) through a series of initiatives and, as of October 2016, had fully implemented about 46 percent of the approximately 800 related recommendations made by GAO (a 23 percent increase compared to the percentage reported in 2015). However, additional actions are needed.Consolid...
Information Technology Reform: Agencies Need to Increase Their Use of Incremental Development Practices
GAO-16-469: Published: Aug 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2016.
For fiscal year 2016, 22 agencies reported 64 percent of their software development projects would deliver useable functionality every 6 months on the Information Technology (IT) Dashboard, as required by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, shortcomings with OMB's guidance—the lack of clarity regarding the types of projects where incremental development would not apply and how th...
Social Security Administration: Effective Planning and Management Practices Are Key to Overcoming IT Modernization Challenges
GAO-16-815T: Published: Jul 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2016.
GAO's reports have highlighted various challenges in the Social Security Administration's (SSA) information technology (IT) planning and management. Overall, these reports identified weaknesses in, among other areas, system development practices, IT governance, requirements management, and strategic planning. The reports, collectively, stressed the need for the agency to strengthen its IT manageme...
IT Dashboard: Agencies Need to Fully Consider Risks When Rating Their Major Investments
GAO-16-494: Published: Jun 2, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 2016.
Agencies determined investments' Chief Information Officer (CIO) ratings using a variety of processes, which included the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) six suggested factors (including risk management, requirements management, and historical performance). Specifically, all 17 selected agencies incorporated at least two of OMB's factors into their risk rating processes and 9 used all of t...
Information Technology: Federal Agencies Need to Address Aging Legacy Systems
GAO-16-468: Published: May 25, 2016. Publicly Released: May 25, 2016.
The federal government spent about 75 percent of the total amount budgeted for information technology (IT) for fiscal year 2015 on operations and maintenance (O&M) investments. Such spending has increased over the past 7 fiscal years, which has resulted in a $7.3 billion decline from fiscal years 2010 to 2017 in development, modernization, and enhancement activities.Total Federal IT Spending by Ty...
Information Technology: OMB and Agencies Need to Focus Continued Attention on Implementing Reform Law
GAO-16-672T: Published: May 18, 2016. Publicly Released: May 18, 2016.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and agencies have taken steps to improve federal information technology (IT) through a series of initiatives; however, additional actions are needed.Consolidating data centers. In an effort to reduce the growing number of data centers, OMB launched a consolidation initiative in 2010. GAO recently reported that agencies had closed 3,125 of the 10,584 total...
Information Technology: FEMA Needs to Address Management Weaknesses to Improve Its Systems
GAO-16-306: Published: Apr 5, 2016. Publicly Released: May 5, 2016.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) faces the following challenges in ensuring that its information technology (IT) programs adequately support the agency's ability to respond to major disasters:Governance and oversight: FEMA established an investment review board to select and oversee IT investments, as called for by leading practices. But the board has not fully defined roles and resp...
DOD Major Automated Information Systems: Improvements Can Be Made in Reporting Critical Changes and Clarifying Leadership Responsibility
GAO-16-336: Published: Mar 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 30, 2016.
All 18 major automated information system (MAIS) programs that experienced a critical change to program cost, schedule, or system performance targets submitted complete reports to Congress that contained all four statutory elements, but 16 programs did not meet the requirement to report to Congress within 60 days of the program manager's submission to the senior Department of Defense (DOD) officia...