Information systems (1 - 10 of 135 items)
Information Technology: Uncertainty Remains about the Bureau's Readiness for a Key Decennial Census Test
GAO-17-221T: Published: Nov 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2016.
The U.S. Census Bureau's (Bureau) 2020 Decennial Census program is heavily dependent upon the Census Enterprise Data Collection and Processing (CEDCAP) program to deliver the key systems needed to support the 2020 redesign. CEDCAP is a complex modernization program intended to deliver a system-of-systems for the Bureau's survey data collection and processing functions. In August 2016, GAO reported...
Information Technology: Agencies Need to Improve Their Application Inventories to Achieve Additional Savings
GAO-16-511: Published: Sep 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2016.
Most of the 24 Chief Financial Officers (CFO) Act of 1990 agencies in the review fully met at least three of the four practices GAO identified to determine if agencies had complete software application inventories. To be considered complete, an inventory should (1) include business and enterprise information technology (IT) systems as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB); (2) inclu...
DOD Major Automated Information Systems: Improvements Can Be Made in Reporting Critical Changes and Clarifying Leadership Responsibility
GAO-16-336: Published: Mar 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 30, 2016.
All 18 major automated information system (MAIS) programs that experienced a critical change to program cost, schedule, or system performance targets submitted complete reports to Congress that contained all four statutory elements, but 16 programs did not meet the requirement to report to Congress within 60 days of the program manager's submission to the senior Department of Defense (DOD) officia...
Information Technology: FDA Has Taken Steps to Address Challenges but Needs a Comprehensive Strategic Plan
GAO-16-182: Published: Dec 17, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2015.
As of September 2015, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), had developed and released a new information technology (IT) strategic plan, entitled Information Technology Strategic Plan, Version 1.0 . The plan, according to the agency's Chief Information Officer (CIO), was developed to help FDA's Office of Information Management a...
Defense Major Automated Information Systems: Cost and Schedule Commitments Need to Be Established Earlier
GAO-15-282: Published: Feb 26, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 2015.
A majority of the 20 selected Department of Defense (DOD) major automated information systems (MAIS) programs had not established their first baselines (which consist of a life cycle cost estimate, a schedule estimate, and performance targets) within 2 years from program start; over half met or planned to meet a statutorily established time frame for deploying capabilities. While the Defense Scien...
Information Technology: Reform Initiatives Can Help Improve Efficiency and Effectiveness
GAO-14-671T: Published: Jun 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 2014.
GAO has issued a number of reports on the federal government's efforts to efficiently acquire and manage information technology (IT). While the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and agencies have taken steps to improve federal IT through a number of initiatives, additional actions are needed. For example, OMB's IT Dashboard provides information, including ratings of risk, on 759 major investme...
Information Technology: Leveraging Best Practices and Reform Initiatives Can Help Agencies Better Manage Investments
GAO-14-568T: Published: May 7, 2014. Publicly Released: May 7, 2014.
Information technology (IT) acquisition best practices have been developed by both industry and the federal government to help guide the successful acquisition of investments. For example, GAO recently reported on nine critical factors underlying successful major IT acquisitions. Factors cited included (1) program officials were actively engaged with stakeholders and (2) prioritized requirements.O...
Information Technology: Leveraging Best Practices and Reform Initiatives Can Help Defense Manage Major Investments
GAO-14-400T: Published: Feb 26, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 2014.
Information technology (IT) acquisition best practices have been developed by both industry and the federal government to help guide the successful acquisition of investments. For example, GAO recently reported on nine factors that were considered as critical to successful acquisitions (see table).Common Critical Success FactorsProgram officials were actively engaged with stakeholdersProgram staff...
Coast Guard: Clarifying the Application of Guidance for Common Operational Picture Development Would Strengthen Program
GAO-13-321: Published: Apr 25, 2013. Publicly Released: May 28, 2013.
The U.S. Coast Guard, a component of the Department of Homeland Security, has made progress in developing its Common Operational Picture (COP) by increasing the information in the COP and increasing user access to this information, but the Coast Guard has also faced challenges in developing COP-related systems. The Coast Guard has made progress by adding internal and external data sources that all...
HUD Information Systems: Immature Software Acquisition Capability Increases Project Risks
GAO-01-962: Published: Sep 14, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2001.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) routinely acquires new information systems and enhancements to manage and support its various programs and operations. GAO has designated HUD's major program areas as high risk, in part because the department's information and financial management systems are poorly integrated, ineffective, and generally unreliable. HUD has been trying to impro...