Cost estimates (1 - 10 of 63 items) in Custom Date Range
Information Technology: HUD Needs to Address Significant Weaknesses in Its Cost Estimating Practices
GAO-17-281: Published: Feb 7, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 2017.
The cost estimates that the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) developed for the four selected information technology (IT) investments were unreliable and, thus, lacked a sound basis for informing the department's investment and budgetary decisions. GAO's Cost Estimating and Assessment Guide (Cost Guide) defines best practices that are associated with four characteristics of a rel...
Joint Information Environment: DOD Needs to Strengthen Governance and Management [Reissued on October 25, 2016]
GAO-16-593: Published: Jul 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) plans to spend almost $1 billion by the end of this fiscal year to implement one element of the Joint Information Environment (JIE); however, the department has not fully defined JIE's scope or expected cost. Officials reported that assessing the cost of JIE is complex because of the size and the complexity of the department's infrastructure and JIE's implementation...
Homeland Security: Weak Oversight of Human Resources Information Technology Investment Needs Considerable Improvement
GAO-16-407T: Published: Feb 25, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 25, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has made very little progress in implementing its Human Resources Information Technology (HRIT) investment over the last several years. This investment includes 15 improvement areas; as of November 2015, DHS had fully implemented only 1.Status and Planned Completion Dates for Implementing the 15 Strategic Improvement Areas, as of November 2015Strategic imp...
Information Technology: Management Needs to Address Reporting of IRS Investments' Cost, Schedule, and Scope Information
GAO-15-297: Published: Feb 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 25, 2015.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has made limited progress in improving the reliability and reporting of cost, schedule, and scope performance information–the agency has partially implemented two of GAO's five prior recommendations, but not yet addressed the remaining three (see table). IRS's implementation of these recommendations is critical in ensuring that Congress receives the reliable in...
Federal Retirement Processing: Applying Information Technology Acquisition Best Practices Could Help OPM Overcome a Long History of Unsuccessful Modernization Efforts
GAO-15-277T: Published: Dec 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 10, 2014.
In a series of reviews, GAO found that the Office of Personnel Management's (OPM) efforts over two decades to modernize its processing of federal employee retirement applications were fraught with information technology (IT) management weaknesses. Specifically, in 2005, GAO made recommendations to address weaknesses in project, risk, and organizational change management. In 2008, as OPM was on the...
Major Automated Information Systems: Selected Defense Programs Need to Implement Key Acquisition Practices
GAO-14-309: Published: Mar 27, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 27, 2014.
Of the 15 selected Department of Defense (DOD) major automated information system (MAIS) programs, 13 had cost information available (2 did not, due to revisions to requirements and changes in scope). Of these 13 programs, 11 experienced changes in their cost estimates, including 7 that experienced increases ranging from 4 to 2,233 percent and 4 that experienced decreases ranging from 4 to 86 perc...
DOD Business Systems Modernization: Air Force Business System Schedule and Cost Estimates
GAO-14-152: Published: Feb 7, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 2014.
The Air Force's schedule that supported the February 2012 Milestone B decision for the Defense Enterprise Accounting and Management System (DEAMS) did not meet best practices. The cost estimate did meet best practices, but the issues associated with the schedule could negatively affect the cost estimate. GAO found that the schedule supporting the Air Force's decision to invest in DEAMS partially o...
Information Technology: Leveraging Best Practices and Reform Initiatives Can Help Defense Manage Major Investments
GAO-14-400T: Published: Feb 26, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 2014.
Information technology (IT) acquisition best practices have been developed by both industry and the federal government to help guide the successful acquisition of investments. For example, GAO recently reported on nine factors that were considered as critical to successful acquisitions (see table).Common Critical Success FactorsProgram officials were actively engaged with stakeholdersProgram staff...
Federal Retirement Processing: OPM Is Pursuing Incremental Information Technology Improvements after Canceling a Modernization Plagued by Management Weaknesses
GAO-13-580T: Published: May 9, 2013. Publicly Released: May 9, 2013.
In a series of reviews, GAO found that the Office of Personnel Management's (OPM) retirement modernization efforts were hindered by weaknesses in key management practices that are essential to successful information technology (IT) modernization projects. For example, in 2005, GAO made recommendations to address weaknesses in the following areas:Project management: While OPM had defined major comp...
Information Technology: Consistently Applying Best Practices Could Help IRS Improve the Reliability of Reported Cost and Schedule Information
GAO-13-401: Published: Apr 17, 2013. Publicly Released: Apr 17, 2013.
According to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), 12 of its 20 major information technology (IT) investments were within 10 percent of cost and schedule estimates or significantly below cost between October 2011 and October 2012. For the remaining 8 investments, 3 were reported as being significantly over cost and 5 were reported as being significantly behind schedule. Reported reasons for these si...