Homeland security (1 - 10 of 34 items)
Information Security: DHS Needs to Enhance Capabilities, Improve Planning, and Support Greater Adoption of Its National Cybersecurity Protection System
GAO-16-294: Published: Jan 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 28, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) National Cybersecurity Protection System (NCPS) is partially, but not fully, meeting its stated system objectives:Intrusion detection: NCPS provides DHS with a limited ability to detect potentially malicious activity entering and exiting computer networks at federal agencies. Specifically, NCPS compares network traffic to known patterns of malicious data...
Federal Facility Cybersecurity: DHS and GSA Should Address Cyber Risk to Building and Access Control Systems
GAO-15-6: Published: Dec 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 2015.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has taken preliminary steps to begin to understand the cyber risk to building and access controls systems in federal facilities. For example, in 2013, components of DHS's National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD) conducted a joint assessment of the physical security and cybersecurity of a federal facility. However, significant work remains.Lack o...
Information Security: Agencies Need to Improve Oversight of Contractor Controls
GAO-14-612: Published: Aug 8, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2014.
Although the six federal agencies that GAO reviewed (the Departments of Energy (DOE), Homeland Security (DHS), State, and Transportation (DOT), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Office of Personnel Management (OPM)) generally established security and privacy requirements and planned for assessments to determine the effectiveness of contractor implementation of controls, five of the...
Information Security: Agency Responses to Breaches of Personally Identifiable Information Need to Be More Consistent
GAO-14-34: Published: Dec 9, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 8, 2014.
The eight federal agencies GAO reviewed generally developed, but inconsistently implemented, policies and procedures for responding to a data breach involving personally identifiable information (PII) that addressed key practices specified by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The agencies reviewed generally addressed key management an...
Federal Information Security: Mixed Progress in Implementing Program Components; Improved Metrics Needed to Measure Effectiveness
GAO-13-776: Published: Sep 26, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2013.
In fiscal year 2012, 24 major federal agencies had established many of the components of an information security program required by The Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (FISMA); however, they had partially established others. FISMA requires each federal agency to establish an information security program that incorporates eight key components, and each agency inspector general...
Information Security: IRS Has Improved Controls but Needs to Resolve Weaknesses
GAO-13-350: Published: Mar 15, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 2013.
IRS continued to make progress in addressing information security control weaknesses, improving its internal control over financial reporting. During fiscal year 2012, IRS management devoted attention and resources to addressing information security controls, and resolved a significant number of the information security control deficiencies that GAO previously reported. Notable among these efforts...
Cybersecurity: A Better Defined and Implemented National Strategy Is Needed to Address Persistent Challenges
GAO-13-462T: Published: Mar 7, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2013.
The federal government continues to face challenges in a number of key areas in effectively implementing cybersecurity; these challenge areas include the following, among others:Designing and implementing risk-based cybersecurity programs at federal agencies. Shortcomings persist in assessing risks, developing and implementing security programs, and monitoring results at federal agencies. This is...
Information Security: Actions Needed by Census Bureau to Address Weaknesses
GAO-13-63: Published: Jan 22, 2013. Publicly Released: Feb 20, 2013.
Although the Census Bureau has taken steps to safeguard the information and systems that support its mission, it has not effectively implemented appropriate information security controls to protect those systems. Many of the deficiencies relate to the security controls used to regulate who or what can access the bureau's systems (access controls). For example, the bureau did not adequately: contro...
IT Supply Chain: Additional Efforts Needed by National Security-Related Agencies to Address Risks
GAO-12-579T: Published: Mar 27, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 27, 2012.
Reliance on a global supply chain introduces multiple risks to federal information systems and underscores the importance of threat assessments and mitigation. Supply chain threats are present at various phases of a systems development life cycle and could create an unacceptable risk to federal agencies. Key supply chain-related threats includeinstallation of intentionally harmful hardware o...
IT Supply Chain: National Security-Related Agencies Need to Better Address Risks
GAO-12-361: Published: Mar 23, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 23, 2012.
Reliance on a global supply chain introduces multiple risks to federal information systems. These risks include threats posed by actorssuch as foreign intelligence services or counterfeiterswho may exploit vulnerabilities in the supply chain and thus compromise the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of an end system and the information it contains. This in turn can adversely a...