Information systems (11 - 20 of 193 items)
Information Security: Department of Education and Other Federal Agencies Need to Better Implement Controls
GAO-16-228T: Published: Nov 17, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2015.
Cyber-based risks to federal systems and information can come from unintentional threats, such as natural disasters, software coding errors, and poorly trained or careless employees, or intentional threats, such as disgruntled insiders, hackers, or hostile nations. These threat sources may exploit vulnerabilities in agencies' systems and networks to steal or disclose sensitive information, among o...
Federal Information Security: Agencies Need to Correct Weaknesses and Fully Implement Security Programs
GAO-15-714: Published: Sep 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2015.
Persistent weaknesses at 24 federal agencies illustrate the challenges they face in effectively applying information security policies and practices. Most agencies continue to have weaknesses in (1) limiting, preventing, and detecting inappropriate access to computer resources; (2) managing the configuration of software and hardware; (3) segregating duties to ensure that a single individual does n...
Cybersecurity: Recent Data Breaches Illustrate Need for Strong Controls across Federal Agencies
GAO-15-725T: Published: Jun 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 2015.
GAO has identified a number of challenges federal agencies face in addressing threats to their cybersecurity, including the following:Designing and implementing a risk-based cybersecurity program.Enhancing oversight of contractors providing IT services.Improving security incident response activities.Responding to breaches of personal information.Implementing cybersecurity programs at small agencie...
Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs a More Comprehensive Approach to Address Cybersecurity As Agency Transitions to NextGen
GAO-15-370: Published: Apr 14, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 2015.
As the agency transitions to the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) faces cybersecurity challenges in at least three areas: (1) protecting air-traffic control (ATC) information systems, (2) protecting aircraft avionics used to operate and guide aircraft, and (3) clarifying cybersecurity roles and responsibilities among multiple FAA office...
Information Security: IRS Needs to Continue Improving Controls over Financial and Taxpayer Data
GAO-15-337: Published: Mar 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 2015.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) made progress in implementing information security controls; however, weaknesses limit their effectiveness in protecting the confidentiality, integrity and availability of financial and sensitive taxpayer data. During fiscal year 2014, IRS continued to devote attention to securing its information systems that process sensitive taxpayer and financial information....
Federal Facility Cybersecurity: DHS and GSA Should Address Cyber Risk to Building and Access Control Systems
GAO-15-6: Published: Dec 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 2015.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has taken preliminary steps to begin to understand the cyber risk to building and access controls systems in federal facilities. For example, in 2013, components of DHS's National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD) conducted a joint assessment of the physical security and cybersecurity of a federal facility. However, significant work remains.Lack o...
Healthcare.gov: Information Security and Privacy Controls Should Be Enhanced to Address Weaknesses
GAO-14-871T: Published: Sep 18, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 2014.
Enrollment through Healthcare.gov is supported by the exchange of information among many systems and entities. The Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has overall responsibility for key information technology (IT) systems supporting Healthcare.gov. These include, among others, the Federally Facilitated Marketplace (FFM) system, which facili...
Healthcare.gov: Actions Needed to Address Weaknesses in Information Security and Privacy Controls
GAO-14-730: Published: Sep 16, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 2014.
Many systems and entities exchange information to carry out functions that support individuals' ability to use Healthcare.gov to compare, select, and enroll in private health insurance plans participating in the federal marketplaces, as required by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA). The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has overall responsibility for key federal s...
Information Security: Agencies Need to Improve Oversight of Contractor Controls
GAO-14-612: Published: Aug 8, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2014.
Although the six federal agencies that GAO reviewed (the Departments of Energy (DOE), Homeland Security (DHS), State, and Transportation (DOT), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Office of Personnel Management (OPM)) generally established security and privacy requirements and planned for assessments to determine the effectiveness of contractor implementation of controls, five of the...
Information Security: Additional Oversight Needed to Improve Programs at Small Agencies
GAO-14-344: Published: Jun 25, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2014.
The six small agencies GAO reviewed have made mixed progress in implementing elements of information security and privacy programs as required by the Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002, the Privacy Act of 1974, the E-Government Act of 2002, and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) guidance (see figure).Agencies' Implementation of Information Security and Privacy Elements in Fisca...