Risk management (11 - 20 of 27 items)
Information Security: Weaknesses Continue Amid New Federal Efforts to Implement Requirements
GAO-12-137: Published: Oct 3, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 2011.
For many years, GAO has reported that weaknesses in information security can lead to serious consequences--such as intrusions by malicious individuals, compromised networks, and the theft of sensitive information including personally identifiable information--and has identified information security as a governmentwide high-risk area. The Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (FISMA)...
Information Security: Federal Agencies Have Taken Steps to Secure Wireless Networks, but Further Actions Can Mitigate Risk
GAO-11-43: Published: Nov 30, 2010. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 2010.
Over the past several years, federal agencies have rapidly adopted the use of wireless technologies for their information systems. In a 2005 report, GAO recommended that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), in its role overseeing governmentwide information security, take several steps to help agencies better secure their wireless networks. GAO was asked to update its prior report by (1) iden...
Cyberspace: United States Faces Challenges in Addressing Global Cybersecurity and Governance
GAO-10-606: Published: Jul 2, 2010. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 2010.
Recent foreign-based intrusions on the computer systems of U.S. federal agencies and commercial companies highlight the vulnerabilities of the interconnected networks that comprise the Internet, as well as the need to adequately address the global security and governance of cyberspace. Federal law and policy give a number of federal entities responsibilities for representing U.S. cyberspace intere...
Cybersecurity: Key Challenges Need to Be Addressed to Improve Research and Development
GAO-10-466: Published: Jun 3, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 6, 2010.
Computer networks and infrastructures, on which the United States and much of the world rely to communicate and conduct business, contain vulnerabilities that can leave them susceptible to unauthorized access, disruption, or attack. Investing in research and development (R&D) is essential to protect critical systems and to enhance the cybersecurity of both the government and the private sector. Fe...
Information Security: Governmentwide Guidance Needed to Assist Agencies in Implementing Cloud Computing
GAO-10-855T: Published: Jul 1, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 2010.
Cloud computing, an emerging form of computing where users have access to scalable, on-demand capabilities that are provided through Internet-based technologies, reportedly has the potential to provide information technology services more quickly and at a lower cost, but also to introduce information security risks. Accordingly, GAO was asked to testify on the benefits and risks of moving federal...
Information Security: Federal Guidance Needed to Address Control Issues with Implementing Cloud Computing
GAO-10-513: Published: May 27, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 2010.
Cloud computing, an emerging form of computing where users have access to scalable, on-demand capabilities that are provided through Internet-based technologies, has the potential to provide information technology services more quickly and at a lower cost, but also to introduce information security risks. Accordingly, GAO was asked to (1) identify the models of cloud computing, (2) identify the in...
Cybersecurity: Progress Made but Challenges Remain in Defining and Coordinating the Comprehensive National Initiative
GAO-10-338: Published: Mar 5, 2010. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 2010.
In response to the ongoing threats to federal systems and operations posed by cyber attacks, President Bush established the Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative (CNCI) in 2008. This initiative consists of a set of projects aimed at reducing vulnerabilities, protecting against intrusions, and anticipating future threats. GAO was asked to determine (1) what actions have been taken to deve...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: DHS Needs to Better Address Its Cybersecurity Responsibilities
GAO-08-1157T: Published: Sep 16, 2008. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 2008.
Recent cyber attacks demonstrate the potentially devastating impact these pose to our nation's computer systems and to the federal operations and critical infrastructures that they support. They also highlight that we need to be vigilant against individuals and groups with malicious intent, such as criminals, terrorists, and nation-states perpetuating these attacks. Federal law and policy establis...
Information Security: Progress Reported, but Weaknesses at Federal Agencies Persist
GAO-08-571T: Published: Mar 12, 2008. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2008.
Information security is especially important for federal agencies, where the public's trust is essential and poor information security can have devastating consequences. Since 1997, GAO has identified information security as a governmentwide high-risk issue in each of our biennial reports to Congress. Concerned by reports of significant weaknesses in federal computer systems, Congress passed the F...
Information Security: Protecting Personally Identifiable Information
GAO-08-343: Published: Jan 25, 2008. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2008.
The loss of personally identifiable information can result in substantial harm, embarrassment, and inconvenience to individuals and may lead to identity theft or other fraudulent use of the information. As shown in prior GAO reports, compromises to such information and long-standing weaknesses in federal information security raise important questions about what steps federal agencies should take t...