Information technology (11 - 20 of 66 items)
Federal Facility Cybersecurity: DHS and GSA Should Address Cyber Risk to Building and Access Control Systems
GAO-15-6: Published: Dec 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 2015.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has taken preliminary steps to begin to understand the cyber risk to building and access controls systems in federal facilities. For example, in 2013, components of DHS's National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD) conducted a joint assessment of the physical security and cybersecurity of a federal facility. However, significant work remains.Lack o...
Information Security: VA Needs to Address Identified Vulnerabilities
GAO-15-117: Published: Nov 13, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2014.
While the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has taken actions to mitigate previously identified vulnerabilities, it has not fully addressed these weaknesses. For example, VA took actions to contain and eradicate a significant incident detected in 2012 involving a network intrusion, but these actions were not fully effective:The department's Network and Security Operations Center (NSOC) analyzed...
Information Security: Agencies Need to Improve Oversight of Contractor Controls
GAO-14-612: Published: Aug 8, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2014.
Although the six federal agencies that GAO reviewed (the Departments of Energy (DOE), Homeland Security (DHS), State, and Transportation (DOT), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Office of Personnel Management (OPM)) generally established security and privacy requirements and planned for assessments to determine the effectiveness of contractor implementation of controls, five of the...
Maritime Critical Infrastructure Protection: DHS Needs to Better Address Port Cybersecurity
GAO-14-459: Published: Jun 5, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 5, 2014.
Actions taken by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and two of its component agencies, the U.S. Coast Guard and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), as well as other federal agencies, to address cybersecurity in the maritime port environment have been limited.While the Coast Guard initiated a number of activities and coordinating strategies to improve physical security in specific po...
Information Security: Agency Responses to Breaches of Personally Identifiable Information Need to Be More Consistent
GAO-14-34: Published: Dec 9, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 8, 2014.
The eight federal agencies GAO reviewed generally developed, but inconsistently implemented, policies and procedures for responding to a data breach involving personally identifiable information (PII) that addressed key practices specified by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The agencies reviewed generally addressed key management an...
Federal Information Security: Mixed Progress in Implementing Program Components; Improved Metrics Needed to Measure Effectiveness
GAO-13-776: Published: Sep 26, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2013.
In fiscal year 2012, 24 major federal agencies had established many of the components of an information security program required by The Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (FISMA); however, they had partially established others. FISMA requires each federal agency to establish an information security program that incorporates eight key components, and each agency inspector general...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Cybersecurity Guidance Is Available, but More Can Be Done to Promote Its Use
GAO-12-92: Published: Dec 9, 2011. Publicly Released: Jan 9, 2012.
A wide variety of cybersecurity guidance is available from national and international organizations for entities within the seven critical infrastructure sectors GAO reviewed--banking and finance; communications; energy; health care and public health; information technology; nuclear reactors, material, and waste; and water. Much of this guidance is tailored to business needs of entities or provide...
Information Security: Additional Guidance Needed to Address Cloud Computing Concerns
GAO-12-130T: Published: Oct 6, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2011.
Cloud computing, an emerging form of computing where users have access to scalable, on-demand capabilities that are provided through Internet-based technologies, has the potential to provide information technology services more quickly and at a lower cost, but also to introduce information security risks. Accordingly, GAO was asked to testify on the security implications of cloud computing. This t...
Information Security: State Has Taken Steps to Implement a Continuous Monitoring Application, but Key Challenges Remain
GAO-11-149: Published: Jul 8, 2011. Publicly Released: Aug 8, 2011.
The Department of State (State) has implemented a custom application called iPost and a risk scoring program that is intended to provide continuous monitoring capabilities of information security risk to elements of its information technology (IT) infrastructure. Continuous monitoring can facilitate nearer real-time risk management and represents a significant change in the way information securit...
Cybersecurity: Continued Attention Needed to Protect Our Nation's Critical Infrastructure and Federal Information Systems
GAO-11-463T: Published: Mar 16, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 16, 2011.
Pervasive and sustained cyber attacks continue to pose a potentially devastating threat to the systems and operations of our nation's critical infrastructure and the federal government. In recent testimony, the Director of National Intelligence stated that there had been a dramatic increase in malicious cyber activity targeting U.S. computers and networks. In addition, recent reports of cyber atta...