Computer security (31 - 40 of 308 items)
Information Security: Agency Responses to Breaches of Personally Identifiable Information Need to Be More Consistent
GAO-14-34: Published: Dec 9, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 8, 2014.
The eight federal agencies GAO reviewed generally developed, but inconsistently implemented, policies and procedures for responding to a data breach involving personally identifiable information (PII) that addressed key practices specified by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The agencies reviewed generally addressed key management an...
Federal Information Security: Mixed Progress in Implementing Program Components; Improved Metrics Needed to Measure Effectiveness
GAO-13-776: Published: Sep 26, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2013.
In fiscal year 2012, 24 major federal agencies had established many of the components of an information security program required by The Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (FISMA); however, they had partially established others. FISMA requires each federal agency to establish an information security program that incorporates eight key components, and each agency inspector general...
Cybersecurity: A Better Defined and Implemented National Strategy Is Needed to Address Persistent Challenges
GAO-13-462T: Published: Mar 7, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2013.
The federal government continues to face challenges in a number of key areas in effectively implementing cybersecurity; these challenge areas include the following, among others:Designing and implementing risk-based cybersecurity programs at federal agencies. Shortcomings persist in assessing risks, developing and implementing security programs, and monitoring results at federal agencies. This is...
Cybersecurity: National Strategy, Roles, and Responsibilities Need to Be Better Defined and More Effectively Implemented
GAO-13-187: Published: Feb 14, 2013. Publicly Released: Feb 14, 2013.
Threats to systems supporting critical infrastructure and federal operations are evolving and growing. Federal agencies have reported increasing numbers of cybersecurity incidents that have placed sensitive information at risk, with potentially serious impacts on federal and military operations; critical infrastructure; and the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of sensitive government,...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Cybersecurity Guidance Is Available, but More Can Be Done to Promote Its Use
GAO-12-92: Published: Dec 9, 2011. Publicly Released: Jan 9, 2012.
A wide variety of cybersecurity guidance is available from national and international organizations for entities within the seven critical infrastructure sectors GAO reviewed--banking and finance; communications; energy; health care and public health; information technology; nuclear reactors, material, and waste; and water. Much of this guidance is tailored to business needs of entities or provide...
Information Security: Additional Guidance Needed to Address Cloud Computing Concerns
GAO-12-130T: Published: Oct 6, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2011.
Cloud computing, an emerging form of computing where users have access to scalable, on-demand capabilities that are provided through Internet-based technologies, has the potential to provide information technology services more quickly and at a lower cost, but also to introduce information security risks. Accordingly, GAO was asked to testify on the security implications of cloud computing. This t...
Information Security: Weaknesses Continue Amid New Federal Efforts to Implement Requirements
GAO-12-137: Published: Oct 3, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 2011.
For many years, GAO has reported that weaknesses in information security can lead to serious consequences--such as intrusions by malicious individuals, compromised networks, and the theft of sensitive information including personally identifiable information--and has identified information security as a governmentwide high-risk area. The Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (FISMA)...
Information Security: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Has Made Progress, but Further Actions Are Needed to Protect Financial Data
GAO-11-708: Published: Aug 12, 2011. Publicly Released: Aug 12, 2011.
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) has a demanding responsibility enforcing banking laws, regulating financial institutions, and protecting depositors. Because of the importance of FDIC's work, effective information security controls are essential to ensure that the corporation's systems and information are adequately protected from inadvertent misuse, fraudulent use, or improper dis...
Information Security: State Has Taken Steps to Implement a Continuous Monitoring Application, but Key Challenges Remain
GAO-11-149: Published: Jul 8, 2011. Publicly Released: Aug 8, 2011.
The Department of State (State) has implemented a custom application called iPost and a risk scoring program that is intended to provide continuous monitoring capabilities of information security risk to elements of its information technology (IT) infrastructure. Continuous monitoring can facilitate nearer real-time risk management and represents a significant change in the way information securit...
Defense Department Cyber Efforts: Definitions, Focal Point, and Methodology Needed for DOD to Develop Full-Spectrum Cyberspace Budget Estimates
GAO-11-695R: Published: Jul 29, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2011.
This letter discusses the Department of Defense's (DOD) cyber and information assurance budget for fiscal year 2012 and future years defense spending. The objectives of this review were to (1) assess the extent to which DOD has prepared an overarching budget estimate for full-spectrum cyberspace operations across the department; and (2) identify the challenges DOD has faced in providing such estim...