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Information Security (21 - 30 of 425 items)
Information Security: Federal Agencies Need to Better Protect Sensitive Data
GAO-16-194T: Published: Nov 17, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2015.
Federal systems face an evolving array of cyber-based threats. These threats can be unintentional—for example, from software coding errors or the actions of careless or poorly trained employees; or intentional—targeted or untargeted attacks from criminals, hackers, adversarial nations, terrorists, disgruntled employees or other organizational insiders, among others. These concerns are further...
Critical Infrastructure Protection: Cybersecurity of the Nation's Electricity Grid Requires Continued Attention
GAO-16-174T: Published: Oct 21, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 21, 2015.
GAO reported in 2011 that several entities—the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and the Department of Energy (DOE)—had taken steps to help secure the electric grid. These included developing cybersecurity standards and oth...
Maritime Critical Infrastructure Protection: DHS Needs to Enhance Efforts to Address Port Cybersecurity
GAO-16-116T: Published: Oct 8, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 8, 2015.
Similar to other critical infrastructures, the nation's ports face an evolving array of cyber-based threats. These can come from insiders, criminals, terrorists, or other hostile sources and may employ a variety of techniques or exploits, such as denial-of-service attacks and malicious software. By exploiting vulnerabilities in information and communications technologies supporting port operations...
Federal Information Security: Agencies Need to Correct Weaknesses and Fully Implement Security Programs
GAO-15-714: Published: Sep 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2015.
Persistent weaknesses at 24 federal agencies illustrate the challenges they face in effectively applying information security policies and practices. Most agencies continue to have weaknesses in (1) limiting, preventing, and detecting inappropriate access to computer resources; (2) managing the configuration of software and hardware; (3) segregating duties to ensure that a single individual does n...
Defense Cybersecurity: Opportunities Exist for DOD to Share Cybersecurity Resources with Small Businesses
GAO-15-777: Published: Sep 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 2015.
The Department of Defense (DOD) Office of Small Business Programs (OSBP) has explored some options, such as online training videos, to integrate cybersecurity into its existing efforts; however, as of July 2015, the office had not identified and disseminated cybersecurity resources in its outreach and education efforts to defense small businesses. While DOD OSBP is not required to educate small bu...
Defense Infrastructure: Improvements in DOD Reporting and Cybersecurity Implementation Needed to Enhance Utility Resilience Planning
GAO-15-749: Published: Jul 23, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 2015.
Department of Defense (DOD) installations have experienced utility disruptions resulting in operational and fiscal impacts due to hazards such as mechanical failure and extreme weather. Threats, such as cyber attacks, also have the potential to cause disruptions. In its June 2014 Annual Energy Management Report (Energy Report) to Congress, DOD reported 180 utility disruptions lasting 8 hours or lo...
Information Security: Cyber Threats and Data Breaches Illustrate Need for Stronger Controls across Federal Agencies
GAO-15-758T: Published: Jul 8, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2015.
Federal systems face an evolving array of cyber-based threats. These threats can be unintentional—for example, from equipment failure or careless or poorly trained employees; or intentional—targeted or untargeted attacks from criminals, hackers, adversarial nations, or terrorists, among others. Threat actors use a variety of attack techniques that can adversely affect federal information, comp...
Cybersecurity: Bank and Other Depository Regulators Need Better Data Analytics and Depository Institutions Want More Usable Threat Information
GAO-15-509: Published: Jul 2, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 2, 2015.
Regulators use a risk-based examination approach to oversee the adequacy of information security at depository institutions—banks, thrifts, and credit unions—but could better target future examinations by analyzing deficiencies across institutions. For information technology (IT) examinations, regulators adjust the level of scrutiny at each institution depending on the information they review,...
Cybersecurity: Recent Data Breaches Illustrate Need for Strong Controls across Federal Agencies
GAO-15-725T: Published: Jun 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 2015.
GAO has identified a number of challenges federal agencies face in addressing threats to their cybersecurity, including the following:Designing and implementing a risk-based cybersecurity program.Enhancing oversight of contractors providing IT services.Improving security incident response activities.Responding to breaches of personal information.Implementing cybersecurity programs at small agencie...
Insider Threats: DOD Should Strengthen Management and Guidance to Protect Classified Information and Systems
GAO-15-544: Published: Jun 2, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 2015.
The Department of Defense (DOD) components GAO selected for review have begun implementing insider-threat programs that incorporate the six minimum standards called for in Executive Order 13587 to protect classified information and systems. For example, the components have begun to provide insider-threat awareness training to all personnel with security clearances. In addition, the components have...