Strategic planning (1 - 10 of 80 items)
DATA Act: Implementation Progresses but Challenges Remain
GAO-17-282T: Published: Dec 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 8, 2016.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB), the Department of the Treasury (Treasury), and federal agencies have taken steps to implement the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2014 (DATA Act); however, more work is needed for effective implementation.Data governance and the transition to a new administration. OMB and Treasury have established a new Data Standards Committee responsible...
Joint Information Environment: DOD Needs to Strengthen Governance and Management [Reissued on October 25, 2016]
GAO-16-593: Published: Jul 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) plans to spend almost $1 billion by the end of this fiscal year to implement one element of the Joint Information Environment (JIE); however, the department has not fully defined JIE's scope or expected cost. Officials reported that assessing the cost of JIE is complex because of the size and the complexity of the department's infrastructure and JIE's implementation...
Social Security Administration: Effective Planning and Management Practices Are Key to Overcoming IT Modernization Challenges
GAO-16-815T: Published: Jul 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2016.
GAO's reports have highlighted various challenges in the Social Security Administration's (SSA) information technology (IT) planning and management. Overall, these reports identified weaknesses in, among other areas, system development practices, IT governance, requirements management, and strategic planning. The reports, collectively, stressed the need for the agency to strengthen its IT manageme...
Electronic Health Records: VA's Efforts Raise Concerns about Interoperability Goals and Measures, Duplication with DOD, and Future Plans
GAO-16-807T: Published: Jul 13, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 13, 2016.
Even as the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has undertaken numerous initiatives with the Department of Defense (DOD) that were intended to advance the ability of the two departments to share electronic health records, the departments have not identified outcome-oriented goals and metrics to clearly define what they aim to achieve from their interoperability efforts. In an August 2015 report, G...
Data Act: Progress Made but Significant Challenges Must Be Addressed to Ensure Full and Effective Implementation
GAO-16-556T: Published: Apr 19, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 2016.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) have taken some significant steps toward implementing the key provisions of the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act of 2014 (DATA Act); however, several challenges need to be addressed in order to successfully meet the act's requirements.Data standards and technical schema. GAO reported in January 2016,...
Federal Chief Information Officers: Reporting to OMB Can Be Improved by Further Streamlining and Better Focusing on Priorities
GAO-15-106: Published: Apr 2, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 2, 2015.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) directs agency chief information officers (CIO) to respond to 36 information technology (IT) management reporting requirements, largely on a quarterly or annual basis, that address several areas key to effective IT management (see figure).Number of Requirements per Key IT Management AreaOMB uses the information reported by CIOs to help it oversee the feder...
Geospatial Data: Progress Needed on Identifying Expenditures, Building and Utilizing a Data Infrastructure, and Reducing Duplicative Efforts [Reissued March 18, 2015]
GAO-15-193: Published: Feb 12, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 16, 2015.
Federal agencies and state governments use a variety of geospatial datasets to support their missions. For example, after Hurricane Sandy in 2012, the Federal Emergency Management Agency used geospatial data to identify 44,000 households that were damaged and inaccessible and reported that, as a result, it was able to provide expedited assistance to area residents. Federal agencies report spending...
Federal Data Transparency: Effective Implementation of the DATA Act Would Help Address Government-wide Management Challenges and Improve Oversight
GAO-15-241T: Published: Dec 3, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 3, 2014.
GAO's prior work on federal data transparency has found persistent challenges related to the quality and completeness of the spending data agencies report to USAspending.gov. For example, GAO reported in June 2014 that roughly $619 billion in assistance awards were not properly reported. In addition, few reported awards—between 2 and 7 percent—contained information that was fully consistent wi...
Intellectual Property: U.S. Customs and Border Protection Could Better Manage Its Process to Enforce Exclusion Orders
GAO-15-78: Published: Nov 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2014.
The Department of Homeland Security's U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) uses two processes to enforce exclusion orders issued by the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC): a four-phase process to detect and deny entry to or seize infringing products at U.S. ports and an administrative ruling process that determines in advance of importing whether products are covered by exclusion orders...
Information Sharing: DHS Is Assessing Fusion Center Capabilities and Results, but Needs to More Accurately Account for Federal Funding Provided to Centers
GAO-15-155: Published: Nov 4, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 6, 2014.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is helping state and major urban area fusion centers assess baseline capabilities—such as the ability to receive, analyze, and disseminate threat information—and address capability gaps through an annual assessment process, resources it provides to centers to mitigate gaps, and an exercise program to evaluate capabilities in practice. Results of the 20...