Information technology (51 - 60 of 92 items)
Data Mining: Federal Efforts Cover a Wide Range of Uses
GAO-04-548: Published: May 4, 2004. Publicly Released: May 27, 2004.
Both the government and the private sector are increasingly using "data mining"--that is, the application of database technology and techniques (such as statistical analysis and modeling) to uncover hidden patterns and subtle relationships in data and to infer rules that allow for the prediction of future results. As has been widely reported, many federal data mining efforts involve the use of per...
Homeland Security: Information Sharing Responsibilities, Challenges, and Key Management Issues
GAO-03-1165T: Published: Sep 17, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2003.
The Homeland Security Act of 2002, which created the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), brought together 22 diverse organizations to help prevent terrorist attacks in the United States, reduce the vulnerability of the United States to terrorist attacks, and minimize damage and assist in recovery from attacks that do occur. To accomplish this mission, the act established specific homeland secur...
Records Management: National Archives and Records Administration's Acquisition of Major System Faces Risks
GAO-03-880: Published: Aug 22, 2003. Publicly Released: Aug 22, 2003.
Increasingly, government records involve documents that are electronically created and stored. In support of its mission to manage and archive these records and ensure access to the "essential evidence" that they contain, the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is acquiring an advanced Electronic Records Archives (ERA). GAO was asked to determine, among other things, how the ERA pr...
File-Sharing Programs: Child Pornography Is Readily Accessible over Peer-to-Peer Networks
GAO-03-537T: Published: Mar 13, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 13, 2003.
The availability of child pornography has dramatically increased in recent years as it has migrated from printed material to the World Wide Web, becoming accessible through Web sites, chat rooms, newsgroups, and now the increasingly popular peer-to-peer file-sharing programs. These programs enable direct communication between users, allowing users to access each other's files and share digital mus...
National Preparedness: Technology and Information Sharing Challenges
GAO-02-1048R: Published: Aug 30, 2002. Publicly Released: Aug 30, 2002.
This report responds to specific questions related to GAO's testimony. Specifically, this report discusses(1) what incentives could be used by agency managers to encourage more effective cooperation and coordination of information pertaining to homeland security; (2) what legal or regulatory barriers exist that hinder effective electronic communication among federal agencies, with state and local...
Information Management: Challenges in Managing and Preserving Electronic Records
GAO-02-586: Published: Jun 17, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2002.
Agencies are increasingly moving to an electronic environment rather than paper records. Because electronic records provide comprehensive documentation of essential government functions and provide information necessary to protect government and citizen interests, their proper management is essential. Further, the preservation of significant documents and other records is crucial for the historica...
National Preparedness: Integrating New and Existing Technology and Information Sharing into an Effective Homeland Security Strategy
GAO-02-811T: Published: Jun 7, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 7, 2002.
Federal, state, and local governments, and the private sector, are taking steps to strengthen the safety and security of the American people, including actions to strengthen border and port security, airport security, health and food security and to protect critical infrastructure. There are date, information-sharing, and technology challenges facing the country in developing and implementing a na...
Information Resources Management: Comprehensive Strategic Plan Needed to Address Mounting Challenges
GAO-02-292: Published: Feb 22, 2002. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 2002.
Congress passed the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) to establish a single, overarching policy framework for the management of government information resources. The act established information resources management (IRM) as an approach governing the collection, dissemination, security, privacy, and management of information. The act also created the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA)...
Defense Acquisitions: Collection and Reporting of Information Technology Purchases
GAO-02-331: Published: Jan 18, 2002. Publicly Released: Jan 28, 2002.
Recent legislation requires that, beginning in October 2001, the Defense Department (DOD) collect procurement data on purchases of information technology (IT) products and services worth more than $100,000. DOD is required to issue its first annual report to Congress by March 2001. GAO found that DOD is making good progress in meeting the requirements of the legislation. DOD has modified data coll...
Chief Information Officers: Implementing Effective CIO Organizations
T-AIMD-00-128: Published: Mar 24, 2000. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the role of chief information officers (CIO) in the federal government.GAO noted that: (1) as the federal government moves to fully embrace the digital age and focuses on electronic government initiatives, leadership in the management of the government's information resources is of paramount importance; (2) yet a CIO, alone, cannot ensure the succ...